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Theology as a Bull Session

Randal Rauser

in Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199203567
eISBN:
9780191708190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203567.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter applies recent philosophical analysis on the nature of bullshit to contemporary theology. It begins by outlining two factors that contribute to academic bullshit: careerism and ... More


Deception and Related Concepts

Thomas L. Carson

in Lying and Deception: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577415
eISBN:
9780191722813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577415.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Deception can be defined roughly as intentionally causing someone to have false beliefs, but this definition needs to be qualified to deal with certain cases, including the following. I intentionally ... More


Lying, Deception, and Related Concepts

Thomas L. Carson

in The Philosophy of Deception

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327939
eISBN:
9780199852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327939.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a thorough canvass of the literature on the definition of lying available today. It offers definitions of the concepts of lying and deception and explains the distinctions between ... More


Complete Bullshit

G. A. Cohen

Michael Otsuka (ed.)

in Finding Oneself in the Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148809
eISBN:
9781400845323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148809.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on Harry Frankfurt's essay, “On Bullshit,” which the author considers to be a pioneering and brilliant discussion of a widespread but largely unexamined cultural phenomenon. It ... More


Love and Bullshit in Santa Rosa: Pastiche in The Man Who Wasn’t There

George M. Wilson

in Seeing Fictions in Film: The Epistemology of Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199594894
eISBN:
9780191731440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594894.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Among contemporary American directors, the Coen brothers are particularly reputed to favor pastiche as a narrative strategy. Pastiche is the mixing of incongruous genres, normally joined with the aim ... More


All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Chris Heffer

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In a post-factual world in which claims are often held to be true only to the extent that they partisanly confirm one’s preexisting beliefs, this book asks the following crucial questions: How can ... More


Toward a Demarcation of Science from Pseudoscience

James Ladyman

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first distinguishes between the concepts of pseudoscience, nonscience, bad science, and science fraud. It then considers why we need the concept of pseudoscience. Next, it deploys Harry ... More


Love and Bullshit in Santa Rosa: Pastiche in The Man Who Wasn’t There

George M. Wilson

in Understanding Love: Philosophy, Film, and Fiction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195384512
eISBN:
9780199350452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384512.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Among contemporary American directors, the Coen brothers recurrently favor pastiche as a narrative strategy. Pastiche is the mixing of incongruous genres, normally joined with the aim of subverting ... More


The Social Costs of Grandstanding

Justin Tosi and Brandon Warmke

in Grandstanding: The Use and Abuse of Moral Talk

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190900151
eISBN:
9780190900182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190900151.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter presents some consequentialist considerations against moral grandstanding. Grandstanding contributes to group polarization. Relatedly, grandstanding leads people to hold false beliefs, ... More


Bullshit, Inquiry, and Irresponsibility

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter teases out some key theoretical issues relating to the extension of the concept of untruthfulness from sincerity to epistemic irresponsibility, or a lack of care with which speakers act ... More


Epistemically Irresponsible Discourse Pathologies

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter sets out a systematic but exploratory framework for analyzing epistemically irresponsible discourse pathologies. It begins with the bridge category of bullshitting, which is both ... More


Poisoning and Partisanship: An Analysis of the Salisbury Nerve Agent Attack

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter demonstrates an alternative “holistic” method of TRUST analysis in which the focus is not on individual claims or short sections of text with a few related claims, but on the general ... More


Conclusion

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The TRUST framework represents a radical challenge both to existing notions of untruthfulness and to the relevance of this topic to language research. This conclusion to the book All Bullshit and ... More


Epistemic Postures

Quassim Cassam

in Vices of the Mind: From the Intellectual to the Political

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198826903
eISBN:
9780191865824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198826903.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Epistemic insouciance is an epistemic vice that takes the form of an affective epistemic posture. Epistemic insouciance is the epistemic vice behind bullshit in Harry Frankfurt’s sense. Epistemic ... More


Bullshit Production

Olav Gjelsvik

in Lying: Language, Knowledge, Ethics, and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198743965
eISBN:
9780191866791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198743965.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter starts with Harry Frankfurt’s pioneering account of bullshit, and goes on to consider Gerald A. Cohen’s criticism of Frankfurt and his alternative view. The chapter maintains, contrary ... More


Your Facts or Mine?: The Psychology of Fact Perceptions

Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker

in One Nation, Two Realities: Dueling Facts in American Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190677176
eISBN:
9780190677206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677176.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 5 commences Part II of the book, Causes. It reviews the well-demonstrated psychological mechanisms that lead citizens toward perceiving only a specific set of facts, all the while believing ... More


The Business of Medicine

Alex Broadbent

in Philosophy of Medicine

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780190612139
eISBN:
9780190612177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612139.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter identifies a competence whose exercise might constitute the core business of medicine in the absence of curative competence. On the basis of an inference to the best explanation, the ... More


White Lies on Silver Tongues: Why Robots Need to Deceive (and How)

Alistair M. C. Isaac and Will Bridewell

in Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190652951
eISBN:
9780190652982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190652951.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

It is easy to see that social robots will need the ability to detect and evaluate deceptive speech; otherwise they will be vulnerable to manipulation by malevolent humans. More surprisingly, we argue ... More


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