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Petri nets

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter studies Petri nets and P/T systems as computing devices and it links some components present in them to their computational power. This chapter proves that the combination of different ... More


One World, or Tinkering with Building Blocks

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0098
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The understanding of polis democracy is drawn on K.D.F. Kitto and François Jacob. The idea of the living world as an “erector set” of “building blocks” is the central metaphor. The entire living ... More


SINGLE-MOLECULE MAGNETS

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the reader into the field of single molecule magnets (SMM). The first part is an essentially chemical one, aiming to familiarize the reader with the basic aspects of the art, ... More


A Vision of Unity over All Diversity

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0099
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The world of today is at the forefront of development. The past has shown that there is first a model image and then a body image. Now, the two images fit together like mirror images. The new image ... More


Hebrew Poetry

W. G. E. Watson

in Text in Context: Essays by Members of the Society for Old Testament Study

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198263913
eISBN:
9780191601187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198263910.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This is the last of five chapters on the text of the Old Testament, and discusses Hebrew poetry in the context of the Hebrew (Old Testament) Bible. The introductory section looks at recent work on ... More


Efficient Cognition Through Limited Search

Gerd Gigerenzer, Anja Dieckmann, and Wolfgang Gaissmaier

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0075
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

In psychology, there has been a puzzling preference for theories that ignore search and stopping. In judgment and decision-making research, for instance, many approaches, including expected utility ... More


Reality Without Reference

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson replies to critics (in particular Hartry Field and Gilbert Harman) who have objected that truth theories cannot do the duty of meaning theories if they fail to elucidate the concept of ... More


Topology of framework structures in inorganic oxysalts

Sergry V. Krivovichev

in Structural Crystallography of Inorganic Oxysalts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213207
eISBN:
9780191707117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213207.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This chapter deals with framework structures that represent one of the most complex units in inorganic oxysalts. The frameworks are considered from different viewpoints. First, several examples of ... More


Beethoven, String Quartet, op. 130/i (1825–1826), and Stravinsky, Symphonies of Wind Instruments (1920)

Kofi Agawu

in Music as Discourse: Semiotic Adventures in Romantic Music

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370249
eISBN:
9780199852161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370249.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter looks at two works that may serve to provide better understanding of the concept of musical discourse as essentially being a discourse of repetition. The analysis in this chapter is ... More


Theories of Meaning and Learnable Languages

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson asks what properties a language must have to be learnable. He criticizes a (then) popular response that models the order of language acquisition on the epistemological priority of the types ... More


Liszt, Orpheus (1853–1854)

Kofi Agawu

in Music as Discourse: Semiotic Adventures in Romantic Music

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370249
eISBN:
9780199852161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370249.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter gives a semiotic analysis of Lizst's Orpheus. It begins by identifying the work's building blocks one after another. The second part of the analysis includes comments on the discourse of ... More


Cognitive Development and Evolution

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

When acknowledging that the mind is embodied, cognitive development and evolution must determine how the body and environment shape the mind. Evolution has evolved structures and computational ... More


Brahms, Intermezzo in E Minor, op. 119, no. 2 (1893), and Symphony no. 1/ii (1872–1876)

Kofi Agawu

in Music as Discourse: Semiotic Adventures in Romantic Music

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370249
eISBN:
9780199852161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370249.003.0008
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter discusses the possible frame of an analysis of music as discourse. This analysis is especially for works whose thematic surfaces are not overtly or topically differentiated, the ... More


Mahler, Symphony no. 9/i (1908–1909)

Kofi Agawu

in Music as Discourse: Semiotic Adventures in Romantic Music

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195370249
eISBN:
9780199852161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370249.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter discusses a formulation of a semiotic interpretation of a large-scale work whose units, if reckoned in notes, measures, or even groups of measures, might easily run into the hundreds. ... More


Formation of the Building Blocks of Life

Stanley L. Miller and Antonio Lazcano

in Life's Origin: The Beginnings of Biological Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233904
eISBN:
9780520928701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233904.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the role of building-block molecules or monomers on the emergence of life. It describes the prebiotic synthesis of amino acids, sugars, purines, and pyrimidines under ... More


Inferring Number, Time, and Color Concepts from Core Knowledge and Linguistic Structure

Katie Wagner, Katharine Tillman, and David Barner

in Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467630
eISBN:
9780190611965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467630.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Abstract concepts like neutrino, justice, and infinity pose a difficult problem to theories of cognitive development. On the one hand, if concepts are constructed from perceptual building blocks, how ... More


The Superior Conception of Pluralism

Jaklic Klemen

in Constitutional Pluralism in the EU

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198703228
eISBN:
9780191773051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703228.003.0010
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

The detailed examination of the remaining weaknesses shows that for pluralism truly to succeed, it needs a partial further refinement at its foundation. It is argued that a particular intact version ... More


Flow Protection Methods

Angela H. Arthington

in Environmental Flows: Saving Rivers in the Third Millennium

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780520273696
eISBN:
9780520953451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273696.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

In the early 1990s, river scientists made the case for a broader, holistic approach to sustain and conserve river ecosystems rather than focusing on the habitat requirements of a few target species. ... More


Studying matter at the atomic and molecular level

Stephen Darwall

in Elementary Scattering Theory: For X-ray and Neutron Users

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199228676
eISBN:
9780191775116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228676.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography

This chapter is based on the notion that the universe is made up of basic building blocks, with chemists such as Dalton and Mendeleev in the nineteenth century and physicists like Thompson, ... More


• Internal Structure of the Unit of Action (ii.1–v.24)

Carolyn J. Dewald

in Thucydides' War Narrative: A Structural Study

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520241275
eISBN:
9780520930971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520241275.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter considers the units themselves, since they are the building blocks out of which Thucydides constructs the Archidamian narrative as a whole. Thucydides uses five types of unit in all, ... More


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