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Dynamics of Crises

Giovanni Piersanti

in The Macroeconomic Theory of Exchange Rate Crises

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653126
eISBN:
9780191741210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653126.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

In order to describe the path followed by major macroeconomic variable around the time of crises, this chapter examines some dynamic models. It thus shows how the dynamic adjustment path of the ... More


The Problem of Inflation in Germany: (October 16,1944)

Franz Neumann

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0022
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter examines the problem of inflation in Germany. In 1914 the German government based its war finance program on the assumption that World War I would be short. No additional taxation was ... More


Cyclical Budgetary Policy and Economic Growth: What Do We Learn from OECD Panel Data?

Philippe Aghion and Ioana Marinescu

in Perspectives on the Performance of the Continental Economies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015318
eISBN:
9780262295413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015318.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter analyzes the relationship between growth and the cyclicality of the budget deficit using yearly panel data on OECD countries. It shows that the budget deficit has become increasingly ... More


Introduction

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book investigates the fiscal crisis being experienced by Japan, focusing on the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and its central budgetary system in the last quarter of the 20th century. It examines ... More


Fiscal Compatibility and Monetary Constitution

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The issue is discussed of how much fiscal union (fiscal discipline and coordination) is needed among member countries’ budgets to ensure European Monetary Union. Aspects of the question addressed ... More


Crises and Policy Imbalances

Giovanni Piersanti

in The Macroeconomic Theory of Exchange Rate Crises

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653126
eISBN:
9780191741210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653126.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter discusses the basic analytical framework of “first-generation” models of currency crises and their extensions to deal with important features of balance-of-payments crises such as ... More


Sense and Nonsense About Federal Deficits and Debt

Michael J. Boskin

in The Economists' Voice: Top Economists Take On Today's Problems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231143653
eISBN:
9780231527866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231143653.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter discusses how much federal government deficits matter in the short, medium, and long terms. Large federal government deficits can be appropriate in some circumstances—such as in a ... More


The Natural Real Exchange Rate of the United States Dollar, and Determinants of Capital Flows

Jerome L. Stein

in Fundamental Determinants of Exchange Rates

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293064
eISBN:
9780191596940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293062.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, International

To what extent has the real exchange rate of the US dollar been as stable as is justified by the ”fundamentals” – fiscal policy, private saving ratio, productivity, rate of return on investment, real ... More


Budgetary Policy, Money Supply, and Banking in Bulgaria Between the Wars

Ljuben Berov

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

The first stage in the financial history of Bulgaria after the First World War was a period of hyperinflation and currency depreciation, associated with large budget deficits and rapid expansion of ... More


Sustainability and Determinants of Italian Public Deficits before and after Maastricht

Emma Galli and Fabio Padovano

in Sustainability of Public Debt

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140980
eISBN:
9780262280495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140980.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter shows that the determinants of Italian public deficits have remained by and large the same as before the Maastricht Treaty, but that the way in which fiscal policy reacts to each of ... More


Rational Expectations and Inflation

Thomas J. Sargent

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158709
eISBN:
9781400847648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158709.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This collection of essays uses the lens of rational expectations theory to examine how governments anticipate and plan for inflation, and provides insight into the pioneering research for which the ... More


Reforming The Fiscal Management System in Korea

Youngsun Koh

in Fiscal Policy and Management in East Asia

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386812
eISBN:
9780226387062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226387062.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The Korean government has maintained a strong fiscal discipline since the early 1980s, keeping its budget more or less in balance and its debt at low levels. The fiscal balance showed large deficits ... More


Root Canal Politics: Economic Policy Making in the New Administration

Brendan J. Doherty

in 42: Inside the Presidency of Bill Clinton

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780801454066
eISBN:
9781501706202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801454066.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the enactment of Clinton’s landmark economic plan in 1993. The early economic policy decisions and the battle for the 1993 budget set the stage for economic policy making for ... More


Wisconsin and Beyond: Dismantling the Government

Gordon Lafer

in The One Percent Solution: How Corporations Are Remaking America One State at a Time

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501703065
eISBN:
9781501708183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703065.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the legislative attacks on the public sector aimed at eliminating employee union rights and slashing public services. Corporate lobbies and their legislative allies saw the 2010 ... More


Is the U.S. Economy on the Mend?

Padma Desai

in From Financial Crisis to Global Recovery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157865
eISBN:
9780231527743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157865.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the financial status of the U.S. banking sector in early 2009 by considering the ongoing debates from five perspectives. The first argument holds that banks around the country ... More


The End of Empire?

C. T. Sandars

in America’s Overseas Garrisons: The Leasehold Empire

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296874
eISBN:
9780191685293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296874.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the weakening of the leasehold empire of the U.S. during the mid-1980s. Analysts consider the gradual erosion of the exceptional position occupied by the U.S. since 1945 as ... More


Sovereign Debt Crises: A Problem of Debt Management?

Rosa María Lastra and Vassilis Paliouras

in Sovereign Debt and Human Rights

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198810445
eISBN:
9780191847783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810445.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Creditor responses to sovereign debt crises suggest that they view such crises as problems of debt management on the part of the countries facing debt repayment difficulties. Thus, for example, debt ... More


Phelipa’s Vision Triumphant: The Abolition of the Vida Común

Margaret Chowning

in Rebellious Nuns: The Troubled History of a Mexican Convent, 1752-1863

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195182217
eISBN:
9780199850532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182217.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The convent experienced a budget deficit, and shortly after a period of growth, when some of the initial conflicts had been resolved. Although this issue may have been brought about by failings of ... More


The Electoral Consequences of Large Fiscal Adjustments

Alberto Alesina, Dorian Carloni, and Giampaolo Lecce

in Fiscal Policy after the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226018447
eISBN:
9780226018584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226018584.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter considers the evidence supporting the conventional wisdom that deficit-reducing policies lead to electoral losses for fiscally conservative governments. It focuses on large fiscal ... More


Presidents, the Federal Budget, and Economic Good, 1946–2008

Iwan Morgan

in The President and American Capitalism Since 1945

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056524
eISBN:
9780813053455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056524.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Especially since passage of the Employment Act of 1946, American presidents have used the federal budget to promote economic growth. They frequently raised or lowered taxes to stimulate or curtail ... More


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