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From the Ground Up: Fumigants, Ozone, and Health

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the local and international politics underlying the bitter struggle to end usage of methyl bromide. Animal-based studies showed that methyl bromide is a mutagen and reproductive ... More


Missile Deployment: Nucleophilic Substitution

Peter Atkins

in Reactions: The private life of atoms

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199695126
eISBN:
9780191918445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199695126.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The equivalent of a heat-seeking missile in chemistry is a ‘nucleophile’, a lover of nuclei. The ‘missile’ in this case is a special sort of molecule which sniffs out not heat but positive electric ... More


Introduction: When Agriculture Meets the Ozone Layer

Brian J. Gareau

in From Precaution to Profit: Contemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175264
eISBN:
9780300188912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175264.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's purpose, which is to explore how science, governments, industry, and civil society co-create solutions to global environmental challenges. It then ... More


The Coproduction of Science/Knowledge and Politics

Brian J. Gareau

in From Precaution to Profit: Contemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175264
eISBN:
9780300188912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175264.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter highlights several interviews conducted with prominent members of the Methyl Bromide Technical Options Committee (MBTOC) of the Montreal Protocol. A rift developed between pro-MeBr MBTOC ... More


Confronting the Consequences of the Pesticide Paradigm

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This book examines the cooperative efforts between farmworkers and environmentalists to campaign for pesticide reform. It charts the development of chemically intensive, industrial-style agriculture ... More


Consumers and Intermediate Producers in the Phase-out of Agricultural and Industrial Ozone-Depleting Substances

Alexander Ovodenko

in Regulating the Polluters: Markets and Strategies for Protecting the Global Environment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190677725
eISBN:
9780190677756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677725.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Environmental Politics

The chapter analyzes the impact of downstream consumer markets on environmental regime design by explaining why wealthy countries have successfully phased out industrial ozone-depleting substances ... More


Solution and Condensed Phase Characterization

Roger A. Minear and Mark A. Nanny

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Improvements in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) instrumentation, magnetic field strength, pulse sequences, and computer technology and software have increased the range of applications and ... More


Elements from Hell: An exhibition of molecules that are mainly malevolent

John Emsley

in Molecules at an Exhibition: Portraits of Intriguing Materials in Everyday Life

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198502661
eISBN:
9780191916458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198502661.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

The road to hell is paved with good intentions … so the old saying goes. In this Gallery I want to show you that this can be indeed true, but it is also true that the road to hell can be paved with ... More


Apparatus

Irving R. Epstein and John A. Pojman

in An Introduction to Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics: Oscillations, Waves, Patterns, and Chaos

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195096705
eISBN:
9780197560815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195096705.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

In the previous chapter, we developed a set of conceptual and mathematical tools for analyzing the models and experimental data that form the subject matter of nonlinear chemical dynamics. Here, we ... More


Synthesis and Intercalation Chemistry

Toshiaki Enoki, Morinobu Endo, and Masatsugu Suzuki

in Graphite Intercalation Compounds and Applications

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195128277
eISBN:
9780197561409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195128277.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Alkali metal GICs are the best known donor type GICs, since they are easily prepared and their brilliant gold color for stage-1 GICs has attracted scientists working in intercalation chemistry. ... More


Reaction Mechanisms

Richard M. Pagni

in Essays in the Philosophy of Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190494599
eISBN:
9780197559666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190494599.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

AFTER I HAD BEEN in graduate school for several months, I decided to work in a group that studied photochemical reactions, those that are initiated by ultraviolet or visible light. My research ... More


A Living Death

E. Douglas Bomberger

in MacDowell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199899296
eISBN:
9780190268343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199899296.003.0019
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter describes MacDowell's life after leaving Columbia University. These include teaching piano; his election as a founding member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters; and his ... More


Cough

Hugo Farne, Edward Norris-Cervetto, and James Warbrick-Smith

in Oxford Cases in Medicine and Surgery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198716228
eISBN:
9780191916809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716228.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Surgery

First, ask open questions about the cough itself: • Acute or chronic? The British Thoracic Society (BTS) defines acute as <3 weeks and chronic as >8 weeks. Between 3 and 8 weeks the cough may be ... More


The Fluorine Group

George K. Schweitzer and Lester L. Pesterfield

in The Aqueous Chemistry of the Elements

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393354
eISBN:
9780197562772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393354.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

The Fluorine Group of the Periodic Table, whose elements are known as halogens (Greek halos and genes, meaning salt-forming), consists of fluorine F, chlorine Cl, bromine Br, iodine I, and astatine ... More


Non ideal Transport of Reactive Solutes in Porous Media : Cutting Across History and Disciplines

Mark L. Brusseau

in Vadose Zone Hydrology: Cutting Across Disciplines

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195109900
eISBN:
9780197561058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195109900.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The potential for human activities to adversely affect the environment has become of increasing concern during the past three decades. As a result, the transport and fate of contaminants in ... More


Complex Oscillations and Chaos

Irving R. Epstein and John A. Pojman

in An Introduction to Nonlinear Chemical Dynamics: Oscillations, Waves, Patterns, and Chaos

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195096705
eISBN:
9780197560815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195096705.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

After studying the first seven chapters of this book, the reader may have come to the conclusion that a chemical reaction that exhibits periodic oscillation with a single maximum and a single ... More


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