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Party Government, Patronage, and Party Decline in Western Europe

Jean Blondel

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Blondel approaches the question of party decline by asking to what extent it is a product of semi‐legal or illegal practices adopted by parties. At first glance it seems that the answer should be ... More


Flower Visitors as Cheats and the Plants’ Responses

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes some of the kinds of cheating committed by flower visitors and what plants can do to avoid the costs of being cheated. While both plants and visitors have many ways of ... More


Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Kelly M. McMann

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Why do ordinary people engage in corruption? This book contends that bureaucrats, poverty, and culture do not force individuals in Central Asia to pay bribes, use connections, or sell political ... More


What’s Wrong With Bribery

Stuart P Green

in Defining Crimes: Essays on The Special Part of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199269228
eISBN:
9780191710100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269228.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter uses the facts of Singleton as a reference point for the broader analysis of bribery — what its limits are and why it's morally wrong. It defines bribery as an agreement in which a ... More


Decline and Fall

Ian Worthington

in Demosthenes of Athens and the Fall of Classical Greece

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199931958
eISBN:
9780199980628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931958.003.0014
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter traces Demosthenes' return to the political limelight in 324 when Harpalus, Alexander's treasurer, fled to Athens to incite rebellion; Demosthenes' alleged receipt of bribes from him; ... More


From Baksheesh to Bribery: Understanding the Global Fight Against Corruption and Graft

T. Markus Funk and Andrew S. Boutros (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190232399
eISBN:
9780190232412
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190232399.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Company and Commercial Law

To many practitioners there is the FCPA, the UK Bribery Act, and then “everything else.” But other countries’ anti-corruption laws, for example those of Germany, can play a key role in ... More


Establishing the “Arreglo”

Javier Auyero and Katherine Sobering

in The Ambivalent State: Police-Criminal Collusion at the Urban Margins

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190915537
eISBN:
9780190915575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915537.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Law, Crime and Deviance

How do clandestine relationships emerge between police agents and drug dealers? Drawing on documentary evidence, this chapter examines the “foundational negotiations” of these arrangements or ... More


Legal Plots and Traps

Joseph Roisman

in The Rhetoric of Conspiracy in Ancient Athens

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247871
eISBN:
9780520932913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247871.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter focuses on legal plots and traps in the oratorical corpus in ancient Athens. It explains that plots aiming to defeat a legal action or to ensnare a rival in a legal trap were almost as ... More


A French Bailout?

Kim Oosterlinck

in Hope Springs Eternal: French Bondholders and the Repudiation of Russian Sovereign Debt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300190915
eISBN:
9780300220933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300190915.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter details the reasons which prompted French investors to believe that France might bail them out. During the 19th century the French government had bailed out its citizens who had invested ... More


An Absence of Alternatives: A New Framework for Understanding Corruption

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter sets out the book's two main arguments about the causes of corruption. First, when essential goods and services are not available from alternative sources, individuals engage in corrupt ... More


Bribery, Favoritism, and Clientelism: Evidence from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter details the petty corruption that goes on in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The interviews conducted offer direct evidence that citizens use bribes, personal connections, and promises of ... More


Systemic Transition and Corruption

Andrew Wedeman

in Double Paradox: Rapid Growth and Rising Corruption in China

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450464
eISBN:
9780801464270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450464.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines qualitative changes in the form of corruption in China. It argues that, as reform deepened, the modal form of corruption in China shifted from predatory plunder or looting and ... More


Inhabitants' Daily Practices to Obtain Legal Status for Their Homes and Security of Tenure: Egypt

Marion Séjourné

in Popular Housing and Urban Land Tenure in the Middle East: Case Studies from Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789774165405
eISBN:
9781617971358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165405.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter gives a thorough account of the different procedures for registering property built in violation of town planning and land laws in Cairo, depending on the various types of land and ... More


The Pure Food War: Outlaws in Missouri, 1899–1906

Linda Civitello

in Baking Powder Wars: The Cutthroat Food Fight that Revolutionized Cooking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780252041082
eISBN:
9780252099632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252041082.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

In 1899, the Royal Baking Powder Trust bribed the Missouri state senate to pass a law that made alum baking powder poison. People were arrested for selling baking powder. Royal introduced this ... More


The Power of Gifts: Gift Exchange in Early Modern England

Felicity Heal

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199542956
eISBN:
9780191780646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542956.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

The book explores the role of gifts and gift-exchange in English society and politics between the reign of Henry VIII and the Restoration. Beginning from theories of the gift derived from both modern ... More


“Greetings from Sunny Georgia!”: Cultural Brokers and the Bribe Trail

James Heinzen

in The Art of the Bribe: Corruption Under Stalin, 1943-1953

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300175257
eISBN:
9780300224764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175257.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

The fourth chapter closely examines the case of a Georgian judge on the USSR Supreme Court, Levan K. Chichua, who was arrested for accepting bribes in 1949. Chichua’s story sheds light on contested ... More


Stabilities within the Leeways

in The Theory of Rules

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226487953
eISBN:
9780226487977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487977.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter distinguishes between desirable legal change, which comes at the cost of some certainty, and erratic change, which has even greater cost and far fewer benefits. It also deals with the ... More


The State, Intermediaries and ‘Licit’ Corruption: Local Politics in Northern Afghanistan in the Sixties and Seventies

Micheline Centlivres-Demont and Pierre Centlivres

in Local Politics in Afghanistan: A Century of Intervention in the Social Order

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199327928
eISBN:
9780199388066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199327928.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines the relationship between state authority and local communities at the subprovincial level or district (wuluswali) level, as well the interactions between the non-Pashtun local ... More


Bribes and Benefits

Felicity Heal

in The Power of Gifts: Gift Exchange in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199542956
eISBN:
9780191780646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542956.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

There were many words that expressed criticism of illicit gift-giving. From the medieval period onwards the bribing of judges and justices was denounced as illegal, but gifts were given, especially ... More


Languages, Lexeis, and Exchanges

Isabella Lazzarini

in Communication and Conflict: Italian Diplomacy in the Early Renaissance, 1350-1520

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198727415
eISBN:
9780191793530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727415.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Political History

Diplomacy was not only made of words: however, language was paramount in the sphere of speech acts and their written translation. Both the western and eastern parts of the late medieval world knew ... More


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