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Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Sara Booth and Deborah Dudgeon (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Dyspnoea (breathlessness) is an uncomfortable awareness of breathing that occurs in approximately 30–75% of terminal cancer patients. It is one of the most distressing symptoms for both patients and ... More


A palliative approach to the breathless patient

Sara Booth and Deborah Dudgeon

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides some pointers in managing the symptom of breathlessness. These pointers aim to assist palliative care specialists in giving appropriate and helpful treatment to patients in the ... More


Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Sam H. Ahmedzai, David R. Baldwin, and David C. Currow (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Respiratory symptoms such as breathlessness and cough are common in patients with advancing and incurable disease. For example, cancer, chronic cardiac and pulmonary disease, progressive ... More


Multidimensional assessment of dyspnoea

Ingrid Harle and Deborah Dudgeon

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Dyspnoea is a common and distressing symptom in people with advanced disease of diverse aetiologies. The American Thoracic Society defines dyspnoea as: ‘a subjective experience of breathing ... More


Pharmacological treatment of respiratory symptoms

David C. Currow and Amy P. Abernethy

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the pharmacological management of breathlessness. Opioids have demonstrated benefit without documented respiratory toxicity. Several psychotropic agents and nebulized ... More


Occupational therapy, environmental modifications, and pulmonary rehabilitation

Sally Singh and Louise Sewell

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Occupational therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation share common approaches towards delivery of supportive care. Occupational therapy aims firstly to establish what changes in functional performance ... More


Non-pharmacological strategies for dyspnoea

Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman and DorAnne Donesky-Cuenco

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Despite optimal medical therapy and rehabilitation, nearly 75% of individuals with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease continue to experience dyspnoea with daily activities. ... More


Neuromuscular and skeletal diseases, and obstructive sleep apnoea

John Shneerson

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Neuromuscular and skeletal disorders affecting respiratory function may cause a variety of symptoms, of which breathlessness is the most prominent. Respiratory insufficiency usually occurs during ... More


Comprehensive supportive care for chronic pulmonary infections

Gary T. Buckholz and Charles F. von Gunten

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0021
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Chronic respiratory infections are a major healthcare issue around the world associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment of these infections often entails prolonged antimicrobial ... More


The genesis of breathlessness What do we understand?

Douglas Beach and Richard M. Schwartzstein

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Breathlessness or dyspnoea in the clinical situation varies from one individual to another. Thus, a clinician must take a comprehensive physiological view of each patient when evaluating the cause of ... More


Breathlessness in advanced cancer

Deborah Dudgeon

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Dyspnoea is a common symptom in patients with cancer, but it is often overlooked. Breathlessness can significantly increase morbidity in patients with advanced diseases. Dyspnoea is chronic with ... More


Breathlessness in neurological disease

Fliss Murtagh, Rachel Burman, and Polly Edmonds

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

While some aspects of breathlessness in neurological disease are common to various neurological diseases, some aspects are specific to particular ones. This chapter therefore addresses the ... More


Breathlessness in children

Stephen Liben

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses breathlessness in children in paediatric palliative care. It discusses the most common signs of breathlessness in children, which may or may not be associated with shortness of ... More


Evaluating complementary therapies

Janet Richardson and Karen Pilkington

in Enhancing Cancer Care: Complementary therapy and support

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199297559
eISBN:
9780191730023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297559.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The nature and complexities of complementary therapies and their underpinning philosophical approaches present a challenge to the research community. Some complementary therapies have the potential ... More


Pharmacological approaches to breathlessness

David C. Currow

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses pharmacological strategies to alleviate dyspnoea or breathlessness in patients with advanced disease. Although significant improvements have been made in the administration of ... More


Multidimensional Assessment of Dyspnea

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Dyspnea, an awareness of breathing discomfort, is a very common symptom that accompanies many illnesses and pathological conditions. In people with mild to moderate cardiovascular disease, ... More


Research into Nonpharmacological Intervention for Respiratory Problems in Palliative Care

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Research into nonpharmacological interventions for respiratory problems in palliative care could not as yet be described as a solid, coherent area of study. The term nonpharmacological intervention ... More


Neuroimaging of other primordial emotions, and also the second level distance receptor evoked emotions

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines second-level distance receptor-evoked emotions and the neuroimaging of other primordial emotions. These emotions include the hunger for air or breathlessness, food hunger, pain, ... More


Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Respiratory symptoms such as breathlessness and cough are common in patients with advancing and incurable disease. For example, cancer, chronic cardiac and pulmonary disease, progressive ... More


Oxygen and airflow

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the use of oxygen in the management of breathlessness or dyspnoea. It provides suggested guidelines for the use of oxygen in the palliation of breathlessness based on the ... More


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