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Rests

Heinrich Schenker

in The Art of Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195151510
eISBN:
9780199871582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151510.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter shows that rests can have different functions, emphasizing those that have motivic significance. Various means pianists can use to assure continuity and tension over the rest are ... More


Breathing Systems

Patrick Magee and Mark Tooley

in The Physics, Clinical Measurement and Equipment of Anaesthetic Practice for the FRCA

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199595150
eISBN:
9780191918032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199595150.003.0029
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Anesthesiology

An anaesthetic breathing system is a means of transferring the breathing gas mixture from the anaesthetic machine common gas outlet to the patient. It is also the means of transferring the exhaled ... More


Breathlessness in children

Stephen Liben

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses breathlessness in children in paediatric palliative care. It discusses the most common signs of breathlessness in children, which may or may not be associated with shortness of ... More


Respiratory Biology of Animals: evolutionary and functional morphology

Steven F. Perry, Markus Lambertz, and Anke Schmitz

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780199238460
eISBN:
9780191864056
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199238460.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Developmental Biology

The aim of this book is to shed light on one of the most fundamental processes of life in the various lineages of animals: respiration. It provides a certain background on the physiological side of ... More


DYNAMICS OF THE FORMATION OF THE ELECTRON BUBBLE

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The phenomenon of self-trapping is well known in helium and in different systems, such as electrons in ammonia, Positronium in dense helium gas, and so on. It is known that localization occurs when ... More


Sleep and respiratory diseases

A. Xie, R. Kakkar, M.C. Teodorescu, L. Herpel, and V Krishnan, and M. Teodorescu

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sleep has a significant impact on breathing through withdrawal of the wakefulness stimulus and alterations in muscle tone, ventilatory chemosensitivity, lung properties, and metabolic rate. ... More


Sleep in children: the evolving challenge of catching enough and quality Zzz’s

K. Spruyt and D. Gozal

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The impact of poor sleep in the developing child is tremendously underrated and virtually unexplored. Furthermore, it remains crucial to realize that relations between sleep duration and cognition, ... More


Respiratory System

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Respiration refers to the process by which oxygen is supplied to cells and carbon dioxide is removed. The aspects of respiration that psychophysiologists usually measure are breathing rate and ... More


Respiratory symptoms

Justin Amery and Michelle Meiring

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

When dealing with respiratory symptoms, this chapter suggests that one must not panic. Breathing symptoms are frightening for everyone. Mostly, one has more time than he thinks, and symptoms tend to ... More


Anatomy and physiology

Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter is intended to be an aide-memoire for the reader who wishes to be reminded of the normal state of the respiratory system before considering a particular symptom or condition. ... More


The genesis of breathlessness: what do we understand?

Jeremy B. Richards and Richard M. Schwartzstein

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter reviews the physiological and pathophysiological mechanisms that contribute to the sensation of breathlessness. The goal is to improve understanding of the processes and signals that ... More


Hyperventilation syndrome

Julie Moore and Sally Singh

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

In the last few decades there has been a growing interest in hyperventilation syndrome (HVS) mainly due to the improvement in assessment tools and the effectiveness of treating the condition. The ... More


The genesis of breathlessness What do we understand?

Douglas Beach and Richard M. Schwartzstein

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Breathlessness or dyspnoea in the clinical situation varies from one individual to another. Thus, a clinician must take a comprehensive physiological view of each patient when evaluating the cause of ... More


Pharmacology

B S K Kamath and Sarah Turle

in MCQs for the Primary FRCA

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199575770
eISBN:
9780191917899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199575770.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Multidimensional Assessment of Dyspnea

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Dyspnea, an awareness of breathing discomfort, is a very common symptom that accompanies many illnesses and pathological conditions. In people with mild to moderate cardiovascular disease, ... More


Sleep-disordered Breathing in Heart Failure

Lip Bun Tan, Thomas Köhnlein, and Mark W.Elliot

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses sleep-disordered breathing in heart failure (HF). The association between HF and sleep disturbance can be divided into two major categories: the symptoms of HF which result in ... More


Playing the Hautboy

Bruce Haynes

in The Eloquent Oboe: A History of the Hautboy from 1640 to 1760

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195337259
eISBN:
9780199864225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337259.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In a period when players often moved from instrument to instrument, techniques were freely borrowed, and in a sense, individual instruments did not have their own separate techniques. How the hautboy ... More


Postures, Gaze, and Action

James D. Laird

in Feelings: The Perception of Self

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195098891
eISBN:
9780199893614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098891.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter adds to the stockpile of research that fits the Jamesian, self-perception view of emotions. To the abundant research on facial expressions, discussed in Chapter 2, the current chapter ... More


Children’s Sleep in the Context of Socioeconomic Status, Race, and Ethnicity

Les A. Gellis

in Sleep and Development: Familial and Socio-Cultural Considerations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195395754
eISBN:
9780199894468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395754.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews literature pertaining to clinical sleep disorders and nonclinical aspects of sleep patterns among children and adolescents in relation to socioeconomic status (SES) and ... More


Receptivity and Being-In

Leo Bersani

in Receptive Bodies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226579627
eISBN:
9780226579931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226579931.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gay and Lesbian Studies

This chapter considers how breathing is the tiny human's first experience of their body's inescapable receptivity, a taking-in which is inseparable from a letting out. Breathing initiates the dual ... More


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