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From Extra Dimensions to New Forces

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter starts with a description of the intellectual investigations in worlds with extra spatial dimensions. It briefly introduces the idea of Kaluza–Klein theories and space compactification. ... More


Edge States and Fermion Zero Modes on Soliton

VOLOVIK GRIGORY E.

in The Universe in a Helium Droplet

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199564842
eISBN:
9780191709906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564842.003.0022
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter opens the part of the book devoted to fermions living in the core of topological objects. If fermions in bulk are fully gapped, then at low temperature they are frozen out, and only ... More


Lectures on the holographic duality of gauge fields and strings

Gordon W. Semenoff

in Integrability: From Statistical Systems to Gauge Theory: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 106, June 2016

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198828150
eISBN:
9780191866937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828150.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter gives a pedagogical review of the holographic duality between string theory and quantum field theory. The main focus is on the duality of maximally supersymmetric Yang–Mills gauge theory ... More


Wormholes, Time Travel, and Other Exotic Theories

John W. Moffat

in The Shadow of the Black Hole

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190650728
eISBN:
9780197517383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190650728.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

In 1935, Einstein and Rosen described what is now called the Einstein-Rosen bridge. Wheeler called this a wormhole, which could connect two distant parts of the universe. Thorne and Morris showed the ... More


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