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Terms of Envatment 1 (with Jon Altschul)

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter gives a brief coda in which the limitations of the Putnamian strategy are discussed. (Chapter 16, Section 2, provides another twist on the Putnam story.)


Vats, Sets, and Tits *

A. W. Moore

in Transcendental Philosophy and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608553
eISBN:
9780191729645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608553.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay begins with Hilary Putnam’s celebrated argument that we could not be brains in vats, which, if it is successful, rebuts an extreme philosophical scepticism. The bulk of the essay is ... More


Reference and Intention

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter shows that the intentionalist definition of reference presented in chapter 7 is superior to alternative analyses. It defends the implication that speakers can refer to non-existent ... More


Phenomenal Character and the Brain

William Fish

in Perception, Hallucination, and Illusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195381344
eISBN:
9780199869183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381344.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers possible defenses of the claim that the conscious aspects of experience supervene on the experiencing subject's brain. Considerations discussed include the very occurrence of ... More


The Internal and the External

Katalin Farkas

in The Subject's Point of View

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230327
eISBN:
9780191710629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230327.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter introduces the Twin Earth argument for externalism about content. A precise definition of the external/internal distinction is sought by focusing on the relation between the twin ... More


Making Sense of Skepticism

Richard Feldman and Earl Conee

in Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Criticizes non‐evidentialist theories of knowledge as they bear on external world skeptical arguments. The theories are held to provide no good way to understand the intuitive appeal of the arguments ... More


Stroud's Proposal for Removing the Threat of Skepticism

Jonathan Ellis

in The Possibility of Philosophical Understanding: Reflections on the Thought of Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195381658
eISBN:
9780199918317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381658.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, History of Philosophy

Barry Stroud is well known as a critic of philosophers who purport to answer, or otherwise deflate, the threat of skepticism of the external world. In several recent papers, however, Stroud argues ... More


Realist Semantics and Content‐Ascription

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn's target is again Dummettian anti‐realism; this time he argues that Dummett's criticism of realist semantics rests on a questionable theory of content‐ascription. McGinn develops four Twin ... More


Putnam’s brain-in-vat argument

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defines internal realism as a position which accepts the Independence Principle and the Correspondence Principle, but which rejects all forms of Cartesian angst. In order to reject all ... More


Vat variations

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The brain-in-vat argument shows that there is nothing to fear from radical, nightmarish scepticism. However, the argument has its limits. To explore them, this chapter investigates several putative ... More


Brains on Screen and Paper

Fernando Vidal and Francisco Ortega

in Being Brains: Making the Cerebral Subject

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780823276073
eISBN:
9780823277100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823276073.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The chapter addresses forms of the neuro in popular culture. Film and literature have in many ways rehearsed the connection between personal identity, having a body and being a brain, and have been ... More


A Simpleminded Epistemological Disjunctivist Neo-Mooreanism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter presents the simpleminded form of epistemological disjunctivist neo-Mooreanism. In the good+ case our agent — this chapter calls him ‘John’ — perceptually knows the target empirical ... More


The Limits of Realism

Tim Button

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book explores the relationship between words and world; between semantics and scepticism. A certain kind of philosopher—the external realist—worries that appearances might be radically ... More


Solipsism and Subjectivity

A.W. Moore

in Language, World, and Limits: Essays in the Philosophy of Language and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198823643
eISBN:
9780191862250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823643.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This essay is concerned with solipsism, understood as the extreme sceptical view that I have no knowledge except of my subjective state. A less rough formulation of the view is mooted, inspired by a ... More


Davidson versus Descartes

Richard Rorty

in Dialogues with Davidson: Acting, Interpreting, Understanding

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015561
eISBN:
9780262295796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015561.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on one of Davidson’s central doctrines; he contends that most beliefs must be true. One must possess a lot of knowledge about a certain thing before one can have any false ... More


Idealism vindicated

Michael Pelczar

in Sensorama: A Phenomenalist Analysis of Spacetime and Its Contents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732655
eISBN:
9780191796883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732655.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The most important challenges to idealism are: (1) the problem of unusual origins—no amount of phenomenological potential is sufficient for the existence of ordinary physical things, since we can ... More


Toward a Well-Innervated Philosophy of Mind

István Aranyosi

in The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989607
eISBN:
9780199346349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989607.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The “brain in a vat” thought experiment is presented and refuted by appeal to the intuitiveness of what the author informally calls “the eye for an eye principle”, namely: Conscious mental states ... More


The resilience of the brain-in-vat argument

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows that the brain-in-vat argument provides us with a deeply resilient response to the Cartesian sceptic. (Indeed, it is available to both the natural realist and justificationist, but ... More


“Professor’s Head”: Isolated Organs

Nikolai Krementsov

in Revolutionary Experiments: The Quest for Immortality in Bolshevik Science and Fiction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199992980
eISBN:
9780199370016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199992980.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Focusing on Alexander Beliaev’s 1925 novella “Professor Dowell’s Head” and Sergei Briukhonenko’s extensive research on extracorporeal blood circulation conducted on isolated dog heads, it compares ... More


Mitigated aporia

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The scenarios of Chapter 15 induce a state of aporia: a (metalevel) scepticism about our ability to answer Cartesian scepticism. This is similar to the state of aporia that can be induced by ... More


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