Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 28 items

  • Keywords: brain systems x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Infant Attention, Arousal, and the Brain

John E. Richards

in Infant Perception and Cognition: Recent Advances, Emerging Theories, and Future Directions

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195366709
eISBN:
9780199863969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366709.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Vision

This chapter reviews work being done on infant attention that was inspired by the early work of Cohen (e.g., Cohen, 1972). It looks at behavioral and psychophysiological studies showing that infant ... More


Orienting of Attention

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter lays out the anatomical basis for a brain system involved in orienting to sensory stimulation. Orienting involves aligning attention with a source of sensory signals. This may be overt, ... More


A Brain System for Emotional Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter reviews our understanding of the brain pathways that mediate emotional experience and expression. First it considers the early behavioural and anatomical studies that identified the ... More


Introduction

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This introductory chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about biologically plausible neural networks. This book introduces the operation of several fundamental types of neural ... More


A Brain System for Declarative Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The function of the hippocampus must be considered in the context of the larger system of brain structures of which it is a part. Indeed, the hippocampus is only one of several structures that ... More


Pleasure: The Final Judge in Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Like everything else involved in the taste of wine, the pleasure that a good wine gives is created by the brain. A half century of research has identified centers in the brain whose stimulation ... More


A Brain System for Procedural Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Investigators have separated procedural memory into two general types. One type involves the acquisition of habits and skills, the capacity for a very broad variety of stereotyped and unconscious ... More


The hippocampus and memory

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter shows how it is becoming possible to link quantitative neuronal network approaches to other techniques in neuroscience to develop quantitative theories about how brain systems involved ... More


Functional dissociation of brain regions in learning and memory: evidence for multiple systems

ROBERT M. McDONALD, ANNE-MARIE ERGIS, and GORDON WINOCUR

in Memory: Systems, Process, or Function?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524069
eISBN:
9780191689109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524069.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

An account of multiple memory systems in terms of functional dissociations within brain systems is presented in this chapter. Data from both the human and non-human literatures are considered. It ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Howard Eichenbaum

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195141740
eISBN:
9780199865741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book details the brain's remarkable capacity for memory. The book is organized into sections corresponding to its four major themes: Connection considers how memory is based on alterations to ... More


Looking and Acting: Vision and eye movements in natural behaviour

Michael Land and Benjamin Tatler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570943
eISBN:
9780191693878
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570943.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The cooperative action of different regions of human brains gives an amazing capacity to perform activities as diverse as playing the piano and hitting a tennis ball. Somehow, without conscious ... More


Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Edmund Rolls and Gustavo Deco

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This book presents the highly complex subject of vision, focusing on the visual information processing and computational operations in the visual system that lead to representations of objects in the ... More


The neurogenetic factors: Offline Brain Systems

Denis Bouchard

in The Nature and Origin of Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681624
eISBN:
9780191761584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681624.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Offline Brain Systems. Some neurobiological properties of human brains differ from those of the brains of closely related species, allowing us to uncover what evolution did to ... More


The Nature and Origin of Language

Denis Bouchard

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681624
eISBN:
9780191761584
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681624.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The most important is that it provides a good test for linguistic theories. It considers some current scenarios of the emergence of language. Some assume that language is a culturally evolved system ... More


Motor systems: cerebellum and basal ganglia

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the cerebellum and basal ganglia, two non-neocortical brain systems involved in different aspects of the control of movement. The cerebellum has a remarkably regular neural ... More


Two Routes to Empathy:: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience

Alvin I. Goldman

in Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199539956
eISBN:
9780191730931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539956.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This article proposes a distinction between two kinds of empathy, or routes to empathy: mirroring empathy and reconstructive empathy. The focus is on a minimal sense of empathy, i.e., interpersonal ... More


Putting It Together: The Human Brain Flavor System

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter discusses the human brain flavor system, which is at the heart of neurogastronomy. The human brain flavor system can be thought of as containing two stages. The first stage is the ... More


Decisions and the Neuroeconomics of Flavor and Nutrition

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neurogastronomy: How the Brain Creates Flavor and Why It Matters

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159111
eISBN:
9780231530316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159111.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The most important ultimate function of the human brain flavor system is making the right choices in consuming healthy or unhealthy food. The key to making these choices lies in the decision-making ... More


The emergence of linguistic signs

Denis Bouchard

in The Nature and Origin of Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681624
eISBN:
9780191761584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681624.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The representational capacities of Offline Brain Systems make it possible for the very different substances of signs to be represented in the brain in a similar way, which enables them to be linked ... More


Introduction: comparative neuropsychology

A. David Milner

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter begins with the historical development of comparative neuropsychology. George Ettlinger was one of the few who actively combined human and animal research, and he did so consistently ... More


View: