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The Visible Invisible

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the diverse attempts to render “mind” thinkable by means of images. Advances in clinical medicine from the nineteenth century onward went hand in hand with the penetration of ... More


Predicting human behaviour from brain structure

Geraint Rees and Ryota Kanai

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Where mental activity is concerned, fMRI technology is often used to map ongoing brain activity. In conjunction with pattern-recognition software, this technology has driven recent advances in the ... More


Influence of Alcohol on Structure of the Developing Human Brain

Susanna L. Fryer, Christie L. McGee, Andrea D. Spadoni, and Edward P. Riley

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses the brain structural changes arising from fetal alcohol exposure. It argues that teratogenic exposure to alcohol causes permanent changes in brain structure and differentially ... More


The Aging Brain: An Alternative Perspective on Age-Related Changes

Elizabeth C. Leritz, Regina E. McGlinchey, David H. Salat, and William P. Milberg

in Mind and the Frontal Lobes: Cognition, Behavior, and Brain Imaging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791569
eISBN:
9780199919215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791569.003.0060
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The aging brain undergoes a complex spectrum of changes likely beginning in middle age and continuing throughout adulthood. This chapter first provides a broad overview of the current status of ... More


Experiment and Observation

C. U. M. Smith, Eugenio Frixione, Stanley Finger, and William Clower

in The Animal Spirit Doctrine and the Origins of Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199766499
eISBN:
9780199950263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199766499.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter discusses five individuals who questioned nature instead of the books of men. The first sections discuss William Harvey and Jan Swammerdam, who are known for their works on the ... More


Waves of Passion: The Neuropsychology of Religion

SCOTT ATRAN

in In Gods We Trust: The Evolutionary Landscape of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195178036
eISBN:
9780199850112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178036.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In every society, the auditory and visual hallucinations that our medical establishment associates with certain forms of temporal lobe epilepsy and schizophrenia often take on a religious color. They ... More


Emilio Bizzi

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Emilio Bizzi. Bizzi's research formed the basis of a comprehensive theory—the equilibrium-point hypothesis—which accounts for how the central nervous system ... More


The background: relationships between structure and function

Robert Porter and Roger Lemon

in Corticospinal Function and Voluntary Movement

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523758
eISBN:
9780191724404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523758.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Nineteenth century considerations of the relationships between brain structure and motor function explored key issues which are still relevant. The tools that were available for use by all the early ... More


The neurobiology of violence: Science and law

Colin Campbell and Nigel Eastman

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter discusses a range of scientific studies that have used imaging technology to examine the brain structures and functions of so-called ‘anti-social’ populations. It points to the extreme ... More


Comparison Between Language and Music

Mireille Besson and Daniele Schön

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter summarizes the evidence from brain imaging results, noting that this field is currently in need of metanalysis of the available results to evaluate precisely this claim. A series of ... More


Comparative Neuropsychology

A. David Milner (ed.)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book has been prepared as a tribute to the late George Ettlinger, one of the leading figures in comparative neuropsychology research over the last forty years, and reflects research in the many ... More


Brain structures of musicians: executive functions and morphological implications

Gottfried Schlaug

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter discusses the data on structural differences found between the brains of musicians and non-musicians, with an emphasis on regional differences beyond the primary sensorimotor region and ... More


Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Angela D. Friederici

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The language faculty is grounded in the human brain and allows any infant to learn any language. In her book, Angela D. Friederici offers a neurobiological theory of human language by integrating ... More


Biological Perspectives on Sexual Orientation

J. Michael Bailey

in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan: Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082319
eISBN:
9780199848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082319.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

One of the most frequently debated issues when it comes to sexual orientation is this: “Is homosexuality biological? Or is it freely chosen?” This chapter aims to account for the different views and ... More


Emerging neuroimaging technologies: Toward future personalized diagnostics, prognosis, targeted intervention, and ethical challenges

Urs Ribary, Alex L. MacKay, Alexander Rauscher, Christine M. Tipper, Deborah E. Giaschi, Todd S. Woodward, Vesna Sossi, Sam M. Doesburg, Lawrence M. Ward, Anthony Herdman, Ghassan Hamarneh, Brian G. Booth, and Alexander Moiseev

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The human brain is a fine-tuned and balanced structural, functional, and dynamic electrochemical system. Any alterations, from slight slowing of partial brain networks to severe disruptions in ... More


The motor representation in pianists and string players

Lutz Jäncke

in Music, Motor Control and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199298723
eISBN:
9780191700903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298723.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Performing music at a professional level is arguably among the most complex of human accomplishments. A pianist has to bimanually coordinate the production of up to 1800 notes per minute. Similar ... More


Discovering How Brains Do Things

Stephen José Hanson and Clark Glymour

in Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014021
eISBN:
9780262265850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014021.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter provides a detailed discussion on the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in understanding brain structure and neural activity. It provides information on various related ... More


The Modifying Role of Hypertension in Cognitive and Brain Aging

Karen M. Rodrigue and Gérard N. Bischof

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199372935
eISBN:
9780190662264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372935.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Approximately 67% of adults over age 60 are hypertensive, and the brain is an early and critical target of the disease, The neural degradation that results from hypertension has significant effects ... More


The human genome

Jean-Louis Mandel

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter attempts to identify the genes involved in brain development by giving a systemic analysis of the genomes of man, mice, and other model organisms. It also provides a detailed study of ... More


Making circuits dance: neuromodulation of motor systems

Ole Kiehn and Paul S. Katz

in Beyond Neurotransmission: Neuromodulation and its Importance for Information Processing

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524243
eISBN:
9780191724435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524243.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

There are three basic types of movement. Voluntary movements, such as playing the violin or throwing a ball, are purposeful and target-directed and require a complex interplay between lower and ... More


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