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Using Magnetoencephalography to Elucidate the Principles of Deep Brain Stimulation

Morten L. Kringelbach, Peter C. Hansen, Alex L. Green, and Tipu Z. Aziz

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a powerful clinical tool that has provided remarkable therapeutic benefits for otherwise treatment-resistant movement and affective disorders. The precise mechanisms ... More


Transcranial magnetic stimulation and the human brain: an ethical evaluation

Megan S. Steven and Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a neuroscientific technique that induces an electric current in the brain via application of a localized magnetic field pulse. The pulse penetrates the ... More


Phenomenal Character and the Brain

William Fish

in Perception, Hallucination, and Illusion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195381344
eISBN:
9780199869183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381344.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers possible defenses of the claim that the conscious aspects of experience supervene on the experiencing subject's brain. Considerations discussed include the very occurrence of ... More


Engineering the brain

Kenneth R. Foster

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the ethical issues raised by new technologies that allow investigators to monitor and control the brain, and how they are distinctive from those raised by other medical ... More


Diseases of the nervous system

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Besides pain, Parkinson's disease represents an excellent model to study the neurobiological mechanisms of the placebo effect. The placebo effect in Parkinson's disease is mediated by dopamine ... More


Electrical stimulation of deep brain structures and speech

Elina Tripoliti and Patricia Limousin

in Speech Motor Control: New developments in basic and applied research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199235797
eISBN:
9780191696671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235797.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter describes the effects of deep brain stimulation on speech in Parkinson's disease (PD). The process involves the implantation of two electrodes either in the ventro-intermediate nucleus ... More


Neural Bases

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the neural bases of aggression and describes how they affect human functioning. It describes the results of lower animal research on the effects of brain stimulation and ... More


Brain and Behavior Deficits in De Novo Parkinson Disease

David E. Vaillancourt and Janey Prodoehl

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Over the past several decades, models of basal ganglia function that describe the pathophysiology of Parkinson disease (PD) have emerged from studies in both nonhuman primates and rodents. One ... More


Stimulating Brains, Altering Minds

Walter Glannon

in Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers the use of deep-brain stimulation as a treatment for neurological and psychiatric disorders. It addresses the question of whether a person with a disease of the mind can ... More


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Future Prospects and Ethical Concerns in Treatment and Research

Jared Horvath, Jennifer Perez, Lachlan Forrow, Felipe Fregni, and Alvaro Pascual-Leone

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive neurostimulatory and neuromodulatory technique increasingly utilized in clinics and research laboratories around the world. Exploiting the ... More


Effects of Surgical Treatment

Anna L. Bartels and Klaus L. Leenders

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0109
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

This chapter summarizes the contribution of imaging to the current understanding of the mechanisms underlying surgical interventions for PD. Structural imaging studies using MRI techniques have ... More


Parkinsonian Tremor

Ioannis U. Isaias and Angelo Antonini

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0046
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Parkinson’s disease (PD) tremor has been found to be a variable clinical feature of the disease both across patients and within individual patients over the disease course. Clinical ratings of tremor ... More


A brief history of the anhedonia hypothesis

Roy A. Wise

in Appetite: Neural and Behavioural Bases

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547877
eISBN:
9780191724275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547877.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the history of the so-called anhedonia hypothesis. The term anhedonia was first used in 1978 in connection with the assertion that pimozide blocks the reward quality of food. ... More


Brain, Body, and Mind: Neuroethics with a Human Face

Walter Glannon

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199734092
eISBN:
9780199894475
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734092.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a discussion of the most timely and contentious issues in the two branches of neuroethics: the neuroscience of ethics; and the ethics of neuroscience. Drawing upon recent work in ... More


Cognitive enhancement using noninvasive brain stimulation: weighing opportunity, feasibility, and risk

Priyanka P. Shah-Basak and Roy H. Hamilton

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Therapies treat diseases, while enhancement improves normal abilities. We have referred to this notion of inorganically boosting the neural functions of healthy individuals as “cosmetic neurology.” ... More


Management of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

It is clear that management of tinnitus requires alterations of neural activity in the CNS. The neural substrates of tinnitus suggest various approaches to modify neural processing and change the ... More


Microelectrode Recordings in Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery

Itzhak Fried

in Single Neuron Studies of the Human Brain: Probing Cognition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027205
eISBN:
9780262323994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027205.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter summarizes techniques used for the placement of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes. These procedures are performed primarily for the treatment of movement disorders such as ... More


The use of brain stimulation technology for cognitive enhancement and the potential for addiction

Mark Attiah

in Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198727392
eISBN:
9780191835230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The phrase “brain stimulation” conjures a vast range of emotions from different segments of society, with fear or apprehension being a common and understandable reaction. The brain reigns as the ... More


Brain and Body: Conscious will arises from processes that are psychologically and anatomically distinct from the processes whereby mind creates action.

Daniel M. Wegner (ed.)

in The Illusion of Conscious Will

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262534925
eISBN:
9780262344876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534925.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the anatomical and temporal origins of the experience of will. It examines issues of where the will arises by considering first the anatomy of voluntary action—how it differs ... More


The Myth of Total Recall

Douwe Draaisma

in Forgetting: Myths, Perils and Compensations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207286
eISBN:
9780300213959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207286.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers the work of Canadian neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield, who contributed more than anyone to the theory that our brains contain a complete record of everything we have ever ... More


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