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On determinacy or its absence in the brain

HARALD ATMANSPACHER and STEFAN ROTTER

in Free Will and Modern Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264898
eISBN:
9780191754074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264898.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter analyzes the different ways to describe brain behaviour with the goal to provide a basis for an informed discussion of the nature of decisions and actions that humans perform in their ... More


The Alerting Network

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the idea of brain states underlying conscious processing arising from studies of patient populations including coma, vegetative state, and locked-in syndrome. The default state ... More


Musical communication as alignment of brain states

Jamshed Bharucha, Meagan Curtis, and Kaivon Paroo

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter sketches a framework for thinking about music as a communicative channel between brains. It argues that music serves to align peoples' brain states, but not necessarily for the purpose ... More


Introduction

Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins, and Ian Cross

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is an introduction to Section 3 (Learning of processing), covering Chapters 16–20. In the next chapter, the target article, the argument frames musical communication as an alignment of ... More


The neurology of the weird: brain states and anomalous experience

Barry L. Beyerstein

in Tall Tales about the Mind and Brain: Separating fact from fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198568773
eISBN:
9780191693779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568773.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The doctrine of concordance is so ingrained in folk psychology that apparent violations are apt to evoke the feeling that something supernatural has happened. This chapter aims to show that, within ... More


Davidson versus Descartes

Richard Rorty

in Dialogues with Davidson: Acting, Interpreting, Understanding

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015561
eISBN:
9780262295796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015561.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on one of Davidson’s central doctrines; he contends that most beliefs must be true. One must possess a lot of knowledge about a certain thing before one can have any false ... More


Neurodynamics and brain mechanisms

JACK D. COWAN

in Cognition, Computation, and Consciousness

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524144
eISBN:
9780191689147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524144.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, the author assumes that large-scale brain states involving the activities of at least 102 neurons form the substrate for consciousness, and give an account of some of the dynamics of ... More


Coordination: What It Is and Why We Need It

Christoph von der Malsburg

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter explores the nature and meaning of local brain states that must be brought together when trying to apply our everyday concept of dynamic coordination to the brain, along with the nature ... More


The Ontological Status of Qualia and Sensations: How They Fit into the Brain

John Smythies

in The Case for Qualia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262232661
eISBN:
9780262286497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262232661.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents arguments against the definition of qualia as “what it’s like” to have a particular experience. This definition focuses on the wrong issue; the real problem of conscious ... More


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