Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 40 items

  • Keywords: brain size x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Social Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter looks at the social brain hypothesis. The term social brain has come to stand for the argument that the human brain, and indeed that of some other animals, is specialized for a ... More


Wetware: Reaching for the brain: raking around in biological sciences

Ian J. Deary

in Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes and criticizes research that seeks the biological foundations of intelligence differences by studying head size, brain size, electroencephalographic indices, brain imaging, and ... More


The Evolution of Intelligence

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter fleshes out the “cultural drive” hypothesis proposed by eminent scientist Allan Wilson. It first considers the question of exactly how social learning could drive brain evolution when ... More


All Animals Are Not Equal: The Interface between Scientific Knowledge and Legislation for Animal Rights

Lesley J. Rogers and Gisela Kaplan

in Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195305104
eISBN:
9780199850556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305104.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses issues concerning the interface between scientific knowledge and legislation for animal rights. It reviews available and up-to-date scientific evidence for awareness of self, ... More


What Are the Genetic Differences That Made Us Human?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Humans differ from chimpanzees and other apes with respect to our large brains and our abilities to use language, among other differences. This chapter discusses several candidate genes involved in ... More


Environmental Variability and Primate Behavioural Flexibility

Simon M. Reader and Katharine MacDonald

in Animal Innovation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526223
eISBN:
9780191689406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the notions that behavioural flexibility can be a useful comparative concept, that innovation frequency is an appropriate measure of behavioural flexibility, and that the ... More


Obesity: An Evolutionary Perspective

Robin I.M. Dunbar

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The brain consumes about 20 per cent of the total energy intake in human adults. Primates, and especially humans, have unusually large brains for body size compared with other vertebrates, and ... More


Is bigger really better? The search for brain size and intelligence in the twenty-first century

David P. Carey

in Tall Tales about the Mind and Brain: Separating fact from fiction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198568773
eISBN:
9780191693779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568773.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Three independent developments in the last decade or so have rekindled interest in relating brain size to cognitive ability both within and across different species. The first has to do with the ... More


The functional significance of variation in jaw form in orangutans: The African apes as an ecogeographic model

Andrea B. Taylor

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

African apes and orangutans experience temporal and spatial fluctuations in fruit availability with similar behavioral consequences. Relying on the African apes as a comparative ecogeographic model, ... More


The anatomy of the brain

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In general, an animal's brain size is in direct proportion to its body size, hence humans have bigger brains than other primates. The issue, however, is not the relativity of the brain sizes but how ... More


Section introduction

Jens R. Nyengaard and Stephen M. Evans

in Quantitative Methods in Neuroscience: A Neuroanatomical Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198505280
eISBN:
9780191723766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505280.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Information concerning the size of a brain structure and how this changes with normal development and disease provides vital information on the function of the structure. Modern stereology offers a ... More


Synthesis: Patterns and Principles

Georg F. Striedter and R. Glenn Northcutt

in Brains Through Time: A Natural History of Vertebrates

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780195125689
eISBN:
9780190081461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195125689.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

After summarizing the earlier chapters, which focused on the evolution of specific lineages, this chapter examines general patterns in the evolution of vertebrate nervous systems. Most conspicuous is ... More


Geographic variation in orangutan behavior and biology: Its functional interpretation and its mechanistic basis

Carel P. van Schaik, Andrew J. Marshall, and Serge A. Wich

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Extensive field data are available for three (out of four) Pongo taxa: the Sumatran P. abelii and the Bornean P. pygmaeus wurmbii of west and central Kalimantan and P. p. morio of east Kalimantan and ... More


Paul Broca: Cortical Localization and Cerebral Dominance

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud was the most ardent supporter of cortical localization in the cerebral cortex during the second quarter of the 19th century. He found support from his son-in-law Simon ... More


What Is a Big Brain Good For?

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the benefits of a big brain. In humans, the brain constitutes about two percent of body weight but consumes twenty percent of total energy intake. It flies in the face of basic ... More


Predicting hominid intelligence from brain size

Michael J. Beran, Kathleen R. Gibson, and Duane M. Rumbaugh

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Intelligence has been associated with brain size and organisation. Ralph Holloway and M. C. De LaCoste-Lareymondie stated that australopithecine fossils show human rather than pongid patterns of ... More


Concepts as Feature Extraction

Raymond L. Neubauer

in Evolution and the Emergent Self: The Rise of Complexity and Behavioral Versatility in Nature

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150705
eISBN:
9780231521680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150705.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on hierarchical circuits in the brain that might make higher levels of objectivity associated with an emergent self possible, with particular emphasis on concepts as feature ... More


Hominin Cognitive Evolution: Identifying Patterns and Processes in the Fossil and Archaeological Record1

Susanne Shultz, Emma Nelson, and R.I.M. Dunbar

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0004
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines cognitive evolution in hominins by identifying patterns and processes based on fossils and archaeological evidence. It first reviews the arguments for the pressures driving ... More


Homo Habilis: A Smarter Self

E. Fuller Torrey

in Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter describes Homo habilis and its lifestyle. It clearly was smarter that the hominins that had preceded it, and also had a larger brain. The brain of Homo habilis is then described in ... More


The Road to Modern Humans: Time Budgets, Fission-fusion Sociality, Kinship and the Division of Labour in Hominin Evolution

R.I.M. Dunbar, Julia Lehmann, Amanda H. Korstjens, and J.A.J. Gowlett

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0015
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explores the role of time budgets, fission-fusion sociality, kinship, and division of labour in the evolution of hominins. More specifically, it considers whether human anatomical and ... More


View: