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BCI Hardware and Software

J. Adam Wilson, Christoph Guger, and Gerwin Schalk

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the key components of the hardware and software currently used in brain-computer interface (BCI) research and design, and describes evaluation procedures that can help ensure ... More


BCI Signal Processing: Feature Extraction

Dean J. Krusienski, Dennis J. McFarland, and José C. Principe

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The purpose of a brain-computer interface (BCI) is to detect and quantify characteristics of brain signals that indicate what the user wants the BCI to do, to translate these measurements in real ... More


BCIs That Use Brain Metabolic Signals

Ranganatha Sitaram, Sangkyun Lee, and Niels Birbaumer

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Most brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) currently under development use the brain's electrical signals. Nevertheless, nonelectrical metabolic signals also have potential for use in BCI development. Two ... More


BCIs That Use Signals Recorded in Motor Cortex

John P. Donoghue

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

One useful way of categorizing a brain-computer interface (BCI) is by the location of its sensor. The type and site of the sensor are directly tied to the kinds of signals that can be obtained and ... More


BCIs That Use Electrocorticographic Activity

Gerwin Schalk

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the potential of electrocorticography (ECoG) as a clinically useful brain-computer interface signal modality. ECoG has greater amplitude, higher topographical resolution, and a ... More


Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Jonathan Wolpaw and Elizabeth Winter Wolpaw (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

In the last fifteen years, a recognizable surge in the field of Brain Computer Interface (BCI) research and development has emerged. This emergence has sprung from a variety of factors. For one, ... More


BCI Signal Processing: Feature Translation

Dennis J. McFarland and Dean J. Krusienski

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the kinds of translation algorithms most frequently used in brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). It is organized into four sections. The first section considers the factors ... More


Primate Motion Perception

Bart Krekelberg

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews how different areas of the primate brain act together to produce perception of visual motion. After a brief overview of motion pathways, the first section gives an overview of ... More


BCIs That Use Signals Recorded in Parietal or Premotor Cortex

Hansjörg Scherberger

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the roles of the parietal and premotor cortices in motor planning and discusses brain-computer interface (BCI) studies that have focused on these brain areas. BCIs based on ... More


BCI Applications for the General Population

Benjamin Blankertz, Michael Tangermann, and Klaus-Robert Müller

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter addresses brain-computer interface (BCI) applications for the general population (i.e., applications that are not specifically intended for people who are disabled). These nonmedical ... More


BCIs That Use P300 Event-Related Potentials

Eric W. Sellers, Yael Arbel, and Emanuel Donchin

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in electroencephalography are manifestations at the scalp of neural activity that is triggered by, and is involved in, the processing of specific events. This ... More


Beyond Libet: Long-Term Prediction of Free Choices from Neuroimaging Signals

John-Dylan Haynes

in Decomposing the Will

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199746996
eISBN:
9780199332502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746996.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

There has been a long debate on the existence of brain signals that precede the outcome of decisions even before subjects believe to be consciously making up their mind. The framework of multivariate ... More


Brain Signal Analysis: Advances in Neuroelectric and Neuromagnetic Methods

Todd C. Handy (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013086
eISBN:
9780262258876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013086.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Cognitive electrophysiology concerns the study of the brain’s electrical and magnetic responses to both external and internal events. These can be measured using electroencephalograms (EEGs) or ... More


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