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 Neuroimaging

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes different forms of brain imaging, laying out their design and limitations. It explains the ways brain scans can help to diagnose mental disorders, as well as to monitor the ... More


Positron Emission Tomography: Brain Glucose Metabolism in Pediatric Epilepsy Syndromes

Aimee F. Luat and Harry T. Chugani

in Neuroimaging in Epilepsy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195342765
eISBN:
9780199863617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342765.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The advent of positron emission tomography (PET) scanning using 2-deoxy-2-[18F] fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) has significantly improved our understanding of the pathomechanisms of different pediatric ... More


Networked Neuroscience: Brain Scans and Visual Knowing at the Intersection of Atlases and Databases

Sarah de Rijcke and Anne Beaulieu

in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262525381
eISBN:
9780262319157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses the development of authoritative collections of brain scans known as “brain atlases", focusing in particular on how such scans are constituted as authoritative visual objects. ... More


How computing has changed statistics

Brian D. Ripley

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes the effects on statistical work of the massive increase in the availability of computers and in their speed and storage capacities. The questions tackled concern the use of ... More


Digital Scientific Visuals as Fields for Interaction

Morana Alač

in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262525381
eISBN:
9780262319157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter analyzes the digital materiality of scientific visuals by examining how brain images displayed on screens are manipulated and coordinated with talk and embodied gesture in neuroscience ... More


Psychophysiological Recording

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This text contains a revised edition of a book on psychophysiological recording. The book includes information on the most up-to-date equipment used today to do brain scanning and discusses other ... More


Empirical Research; Philosophical Conclusions

Fred Feldman

in What Is This Thing Called Happiness?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571178
eISBN:
9780191722547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571178.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers and others have alleged that empirical research on happiness has important implications for some long‐standing philosophical questions about happiness. The distinguished British ... More


Saving children

Val Gillies, Rosalind Edwards, and Nicola Horsley

in Challenging the Politics of Early Intervention: Who's 'saving' Children and Why

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447324096
eISBN:
9781447324119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324096.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explores how brain science and neoliberal ideas infuse and shape the understandings and practices of those working in the early years field. It considers the evangelical mission that ... More


Introduction: Deviance, Classification, and Bioprediction

Ilina Singh and Walter P. Sinnott-Armstrong

in Bioprediction, Biomarkers, and Bad Behavior: Scientific, Legal, and Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199844180
eISBN:
9780199369607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844180.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

After people do terrible things, energy focuses on post hoc explanations and assessments of the individual for purposes of punishment. For the moment, these assessments are still largely made using ... More


Dementia: Impaired Thinking and Judgment; Confusion

J. Eric Ahlskog

in Dementia with Lewy Body and Parkinson's Disease Patients: Patient, Family, and Clinician Working Together for Better Outcomes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199977567
eISBN:
9780197563342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199977567.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Neurology

Dementia implies problems with cognition (thinking), and this is a fundamental component of DLB and PDD. Dementia also implies that the cognitive problems ... More


The Speech-to-Song Illusion: Crossing the Borderline Between Speech and Song

Diana Deutsch

in Musical Illusions and Phantom Words: How Music and Speech Unlock Mysteries of the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190206833
eISBN:
9780190056568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190206833.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

Chapter 10 begins with the author’s discovery that a phrase she had enunciated—“Sometimes behave so strangely”—when presented repeatedly, came to be heard as sung rather than spoken. This illusion is ... More


The Biology of Behavior

Kevin Begos

in A Field Guide for Science Writers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195174991
eISBN:
9780197562239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195174991.003.0034
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

In 1970, Nobel Prize winner William Shockley made a dramatic declaration: that the average IQs of black people were significantly lower than those of ... More


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