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Neural Correlates of the Cognitive Processes Underlying Reading: Evidence from Magnetic Resonance Perfusion Imaging

Argye E. Hillis

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter reviews data from a single methodology—acute functional lesion-deficit correlation—that has been used to evaluate specific hypotheses regarding the neural basis of reading. The goal of ... More


Hippocampus

DANIEL JOHNSTON and DAVID G. AMARAL

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The hippocampus is one of the most thoroughly studied areas of the mammalian central nervous system. There are two main reasons for this. First, it has a distinctive and readily identifiable ... More


Thalamus

S. MURRAY SHERMAN and R. W. GUILLERY

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The thalamus is the largest part of the diencephalon, one of the major subdivisions of the brain, and provides the major route for afferents to the neocortex. Essentially no messages can reach the ... More


Reprogramming the Cerebral Cortex: Plasticity following central and peripheral lesions

Stephen Lomber and Jos Eggermont (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528999
eISBN:
9780191723926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528999.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

The brain has a remarkable ability to adapt in the event of damage — in many cases shifting responsibility for specific cognitive functions to other non-damaged brain regions. This ‘plasticity’ can ... More


Basal Ganglia

CHARLES J. WILSON

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The basal ganglia are a richly interconnected set of brain nuclei found in the forebrain and midbrain of mammals, birds, and reptiles. In many species, including most mammals, the forebrain nuclei of ... More


Hemisphere Dominance of Brain Function—Which Functions Are Lateralized and Why?

Gunter Ehret

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues for the investigation of the hemisphere dominances of brain functions rather than structural, cellular, and molecular asymmetries in brains. Although the latter are certainly ... More


Brain Imaging

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the research that examines the brain more directly via brain imaging. The clinical implications of this research are significant. For instance, neuroimaging studies of ... More


Neocortex

RODNEY DOUGLAS, HENRY MARKRAM, and KEVAN MARTIN

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

This chapter focuses on the structure and function of the microcircuits of the neocortex and their components. Topics covered include embryonic development, neuronal elements, synaptic connections, ... More


Cerebellum

RODOLFO R. LLINÁS, KERRY D. WALTON, and ERIC J. LANG

in The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

The cerebellum is a very distinct region of the brain, occupying a position immediately behind the tectal plate and straddles the midline as a bridge over the fourth ventricle. The basic functional ... More


Emotion and Affect

William R. Uttal

in Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015967
eISBN:
9780262298902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Defining emotion is considered an extremely difficult task and there is hardly any concrete definition that positively leads to proper results from a study of the brain correlates of emotion. Imaging ... More


Structural plasticity of dendrites

Anna Dunaevsky and Catherine S. Woolley

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Many lines of research have demonstrated structural plasticity of dendrites in the mammalian brain. Historically, the concept of structural plasticity has been incorporated into theories of learning ... More


Attention

William R. Uttal

in Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015967
eISBN:
9780262298902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the term “attention,” which is used in the context of psychological research. Several popular definitions of attention are presented along with definitions used by the ... More


Neuropsychological evidence on convergence

Susanna Millar

in Understanding and Representing Space: Theory and Evidence from Studies with Blind and Sighted Children

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521426
eISBN:
9780191688416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521426.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Neuropsychological evidence and how it strengthens the case for considering spatial coding as dependent on the integration and organization of multimodal inputs is the main concern of this chapter. ... More


A Brain System for Declarative Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195141740
eISBN:
9780199865741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The hippocampus must be considered in the context of how it performs its functions within the larger system of brain structures of which it is a part. Indeed, the hippocampus is only one of several ... More


How does the brain mediate our ability to remember?

ANDREW R. MAYES

in Memory: Systems, Process, or Function?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524069
eISBN:
9780191689109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524069.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter aims to provide a detailed understanding of the processes underlying memory for different kinds of information and how the relevant brain structures mediate these processes. The chapter ... More


The Synaptic Organization of the Brain

Gordon M. Shepherd (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195159561
eISBN:
9780199864447
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Synapses are the contact sites that enable neurons to form connections between each other in order to transmit and process neural information. Synaptic organization is concerned with the principles ... More


Extracting brain connectivity

Christian Büchel and Karl Friston

in Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192630711
eISBN:
9780191724770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192630711.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter shows that new methods for measuring effective connectivity allow us to characterize the interactions between brain regions which underlie the complex interactions among different ... More


Functional integration: methods for assessing interactions among neuronal systems using brain imaging

Christian Büchel, Chris Frith, and Karl Friston

in The Neurocognition of Language

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507932
eISBN:
9780191687242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507932.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter shows that new methods for measuring effective connectivity allow one to characterize the interactions between brain regions. These regions underlie the complex interactions that occur ... More


Functional dissociation of brain regions in learning and memory: evidence for multiple systems

ROBERT M. McDONALD, ANNE-MARIE ERGIS, and GORDON WINOCUR

in Memory: Systems, Process, or Function?

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524069
eISBN:
9780191689109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524069.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

An account of multiple memory systems in terms of functional dissociations within brain systems is presented in this chapter. Data from both the human and non-human literatures are considered. It ... More


Lesion studies and the role of IMHV in early learning

D. C. Davies

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter compares the effects of lesions to a single region of the chick brain, the intermediate part of the medial hyperstriatum ventrale (IMHV), on a number of behavioural tasks and discusses ... More


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