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Attention in a Social World

Michael I. Posner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The study of attention is central to psychology. This book presents the science of attention in a larger social context, which includes our ability voluntarily to choose and act upon an object of ... More


Concluding Remarks

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a summary of what has been reviewed in this volume. It is all too common to hear in neuroscience and psychology that attention is a vague concept not amenable to a truly ... More


The Attention System of the Human Brain

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Attention is an old topic in psychology, but viewing it as an organ system allows the growing exploration of its physical basis. One goal of this volume is to examine the anatomy and development of ... More


Development of Attention Networks

Michael I. Posner

in Attention in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791217
eISBN:
9780199932207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791217.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the evolutionary and developmental history of attention networks. In the case of self-regulation, efforts to derive its physical basis depend on the rather surprising ... More


Cerebral Glucose Metabolism and Blood Flow in Parkinson’s Disease

Yilong Ma, Shichun Peng, Vijay Dhawan, and David Eidelberg

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

Functional brain imaging has been widely used to describe regional abnormalities in cerebral blood flow and metabolism in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients scanned in the rest state with PET, SPECT, ... More


Anatomical networks

Ernesto Estrada

in The Structure of Complex Networks: Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199591756
eISBN:
9780191774959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591756.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the use of network theory to study anatomical systems at different levels. It starts with the analysis of intercellular networks in different kinds of tissues; the way in which ... More


Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

David Eidelberg

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

This volume provides up-to-date information concerning new applications of brain imaging to the study of Parkinson’s disease (PD). The chapters, written by experts in this field, focus on the various ... More


Emerging neuroimaging technologies: Toward future personalized diagnostics, prognosis, targeted intervention, and ethical challenges

Urs Ribary, Alex L. MacKay, Alexander Rauscher, Christine M. Tipper, Deborah E. Giaschi, Todd S. Woodward, Vesna Sossi, Sam M. Doesburg, Lawrence M. Ward, Anthony Herdman, Ghassan Hamarneh, Brian G. Booth, and Alexander Moiseev

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The human brain is a fine-tuned and balanced structural, functional, and dynamic electrochemical system. Any alterations, from slight slowing of partial brain networks to severe disruptions in ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Emily K. Farran and Annette Karmiloff-Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Nowadays, it is widely accepted that there is no single influence (be it nature or nurture) on cognitive development. Cognitive abilities emerge as a result of interactions between gene expression, ... More


Creativity and Intelligence: Brain Networks That Link and Differentiate the Expression of Genius

Rex E. Jung and Richard J. Haier

in Neuroscience of Creativity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019583
eISBN:
9780262314695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019583.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Based on neuro-imaging findings, we present a brain model for intelligence and a model for creativity and discuss how genius may emerge from the overlapping and the unique aspects of these models. ... More


The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Mingzhou Ding, PhD and Dennis Glanzman,PhD (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Neuronal responses to identically presented stimuli are extremely variable. This variability has in the past often been regarded as “noise.” At the single neuron level, interspike interval (ISI) ... More


Clinical Applications

Kathleen L. Poston

in Imaging in Parkinson’s Disease

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393484
eISBN:
9780199914494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393484.003.0126
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Techniques

This chapter provides an in-depth discussion of how current neuroimaging techniques can aid the clinician in the diagnosis of patients with parkinsonian symptoms. Although clinical assessment and ... More


Brain Mechanisms for Social Perception:: Moving Toward an Understanding of Autism

Kevin Pelphrey and Sarah Shultz

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The levels of social impairment experienced by different individuals with autism spectrum disorder strongly correlate with the degrees of dysfunction within each individual’s superior temporal sulcus ... More


Order and Disorders in the Form of Thought: The Dynamics of Systematicity

Michael Silberstein

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychopathology might be one domain where we can get some empirical perch on the Systematicity debate. In patients with schizophrenia transformational systematicity and other types of systematicity ... More


The Infrastructure of the Language-Ready Brain

Peter Hagoort and David Poeppel

in Language, Music, and the Brain: A Mysterious Relationship

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262018104
eISBN:
9780262314121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018104.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter sketches in very general terms the cognitive architecture of both language comprehension and production, as well as the neurobiological infrastructure that makes the human brain ready ... More


Multilayer Networks in Nature, Society and Infrastructures

Ginestra Bianconi

in Multilayer Networks: Structure and Function

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198753919
eISBN:
9780191815676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198753919.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 4 opens Part III of the book, ‘Multilayer Networks’, which comprises chapters 4–15. The chapter starts with an informal definition of multiplex networks, multi-slice networks and networks of ... More


Mind, Brain, and Behavior

Alvaro Pascual-Leone and Adolfo Plasencia

in Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.003.0024
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

In this dialogue, the Harvard neuroscientist, Alvaro Pascual-Leone initially reflects on the importance of ‘unlearning’ and forgetting. He then gives a detailed explanation of, and how he carries ... More


Genetic Variation Influences How the Social Brain Shapes Temperament and Behavior

Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart, and Brad E. Sheese

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S. Gazzaniga

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014014
eISBN:
9780262266055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014014.003.0090
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

There are different opinions on the concept of individual differences; some believe that experience can be solely taken into consideration to find individual differences; others, that genes play an ... More


The Neurocognitive Development of Social Decision Making

Wouter van den Bos and Eveline A. Crone

in Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016438
eISBN:
9780262298490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016438.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter focuses on the neurocognitive development of social decision making. It presents evidence that the development of social decision making is related to changes in different, but ... More


Training Effortless Attention

Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart, M. R. Rueda, and Yiyuan Tang

in Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013840
eISBN:
9780262269438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013840.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explains the concept of effort on the basis of evidence from experimental and cognitive psychology, demonstrates how it has been used in conducting studies of brain activity, and goes on ... More


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