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Application to Lesion Studies

Hanna Damasio

in Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195165616
eISBN:
9780199864041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165616.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter gives a demonstration of how different incidences of scanning modify the anatomical appreciation of structural brain lesions. Examples include lesions in left parietal, left calcarine, ... More


Neurobiology of Social Behavior

Dario Maestripieri

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter reviews current knowledge of the neurobiological regulation of affiliative, aggressive, sexual, and parental behavior in nonhuman primates. It focuses on social behavior expressed in the ... More


Towards a synthesis

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews discussions in the preceding chapters. These include memory defects resulting from lesions of the brain, particularly the medial temporal lobe and parts of the diencephalons of ... More


Memory disorders

Sandra Lehmann and Armin Schnider

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Memory is composed of multiple dissociable systems, varying according to the length of retention interval, level of consciousness, and modality of information to be learned. Memory systems are ... More


Neurobehavioural disorders after stroke

Jean-Marie Annoni

in Cognitive Neurology: A clinical textbook

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198569275
eISBN:
9780191724213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569275.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The term ‘behavioural’ is often used in neurology to denote non-cognitive mental symptoms or disorders, thus including many psychiatric symptoms such as mood and psychotic disorders but also abnormal ... More


The specializations of the human neocortex

Richard E. Passingham

in Comparative Neuropsychology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524113
eISBN:
9780191689116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524113.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

The behavioural data reviewed in the chapters came mainly from the effects of brain lesions. The chapters were written before the invention of positron emission tomography (PET) or functional ... More


Neuropsychology and Human Aggression

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the nature of the human brain dysfunction and how it contributes to changes in aggressive behaviour using data from lower animal research. It explains that the brain mechanisms ... More


Theories of episodic memory

Andrew R. Mayes and Neil Roberts

in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508809
eISBN:
9780191687396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter first outlines the processes and information involved in making episodic representations at encoding and considers the underlying brain regions. Second, major views about the ... More


Representations for actions

Marc Jeannerod

in Motor Cognition: What actions tell the self

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569657
eISBN:
9780191720994
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569657.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the elementary component of motor cognition — action representation. A historical survey of the early attempts at answering the question of the embodiment of action ... More


The Neurocognition of Language

Colin M. Brown and Peter Hagoort (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507932
eISBN:
9780191687242
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507932.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This book brings together experts on human language and the brain to present the first critical overview of the cognitive neuroscience of language, one of the fastest-moving areas today. In-depth ... More


Prefrontal cortex and Spearman's g

John Duncan

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses the basis for general intelligence or Spearman's g. It begins with a striking finding from functional brain imaging: in specific regions of frontal and parietal cortex, there ... More


The Neural Processing of Complex Sounds

Timothy D. Griffiths

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter addresses the temporal processing of complex sounds relevant to musical analysis. Functional imaging studies, using positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance ... More


Brain Basics from a Computational Perspective

Martin V. Butz and Esther F. Kutter

in How the Mind Comes into Being: Introducing Cognitive Science from a Functional and Computational Perspective

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198739692
eISBN:
9780191834462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739692.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a crude overview of current knowledge in neuroscience about the human nervous system and its functionality. The distinction between the peripheral and central nervous systems is ... More


Pattern processing in infancy: hemispheric differences and brain maturation

S. de Schonen, C. Deruelle, J. Mancini, and O. Pascalis

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The various neural networks of the infant brain do not all become functional at the same rate. Investigating the relationships between emerging cognitive competences and maturational neural events ... More


Neurological disorders

Risto Näätänen, Teija Kujala, and Gregory Light

in The Mismatch Negativity: A Window to the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198705079
eISBN:
9780191874192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198705079.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The MMN amplitude is decreased and/or peak latency prolonged in a large number of different neurological disorders, such as neurodegenerative diseases, brain lesions, cochlear lesions, chronic pain, ... More


The background

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Imaging is one of the major tools for neuroscience but it should be seen against the background of neuroscience in general. The brain can be studied by charting its connections, by recording its ... More


Conscious visual representations built from multiple binding processes: evidence from neuropsychology

Glyn W. Humphreys

in The Unity of Consciousness: Binding, Integration, and Dissociation

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508571
eISBN:
9780191687358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508571.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews neuropsychological evidence, from patients with selective brain lesions, indicating that there can be several kinds of binding in vision. Damage to early processes within the ... More


Of Animal Heads and Animal Tales

Stanley Finger

in Franz Joseph Gall: Naturalist of the Mind, Visionary of the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190464622
eISBN:
9780190464646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464622.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Animals played significant roles in Gall’s research program, in which he viewed humans as merely having more complex and better developed brains. Studying lowly animals, barnyard animals, wild ... More


Other methods

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Functional imaging is primarily a correlational technique. Although there are methods for analyzing the causal structure of systems, proof of causation requires methods that intervene in the workings ... More


Color Vision

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter has six subdivisions. The first section, A, discusses the basic facts about how different wavelengths in the visual range are processed. In section B the manner in which brain areas and ... More


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