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 Neuroimaging

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes different forms of brain imaging, laying out their design and limitations. It explains the ways brain scans can help to diagnose mental disorders, as well as to monitor the ... More


The Visible Invisible

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the diverse attempts to render “mind” thinkable by means of images. Advances in clinical medicine from the nineteenth century onward went hand in hand with the penetration of ... More


The Antisocial Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the arguments that claim that human antisocial behavior—notably impulsivity, aggression, and related forms of criminal conduct—have neurobiological roots. While neurobiological ... More


Brain Imaging in the Evaluation of Putative Alzheimer’s Disease-Slowing, Risk-Reducing and Prevention Therapies

Eric M. Reiman and Jessica B. S. Langbaum

in Imaging the Aging Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195328875
eISBN:
9780199864836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328875.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

This chapter describes the emerging roles of brain imaging and other biomarker measurements of Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression and pathology in the evaluation of putative AD-slowing, ... More


Physiological Basis of the BOLD Signal

Jozien Goense and Nikos K. Logothetis

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and other non-invasive imaging methods have greatly expanded our knowledge of human brain function. Although MRI was invented in the early 1970s and has ... More


Studies of the Human Brain Combining Functional Neuroimaging and Electrophysiological Methods

Abraham Z. Snyder and Marcus E. Raichle

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Functional neuroimaging (FNI) techniques, such as positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), gain access to the activity of the brain through changes in ... More


The Sources and Temporal Dynamics of Scalp Electric Fields

Christoph M. Michel and Daniel Brandeis

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on the spatiotemporal aspects of the electroencephalography (EEG), and discusses the most important findings concerning the oscillations and the temporal dynamics of electrical ... More


Managing Brains, Minds, and Selves

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This concluding chapter suggests that for the human sciences, there is nothing to fear in the rise to prominence of neurobiological attempt to understand and account for human behavior. It is ... More


Wetware: Reaching for the brain: raking around in biological sciences

Ian J. Deary

in Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes and criticizes research that seeks the biological foundations of intelligence differences by studying head size, brain size, electroencephalographic indices, brain imaging, and ... More


Mapping Adolescent Brain Maturation Using Structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Elizabeth R. Sowell, Paul M. Thompson, and Arthur W. Toga

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews new studies of normative brain development during childhood and adolescence that have been performed with sophisticated new brain mapping techniques, including cortical pattern ... More


Personalized Medicine and Integrative Neuroscience: Toward Consensus Markers for Disorders of Brain Health

Leanne M. Williams and Evian Gordon

in Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

In the emerging new paradigm of “Personalized Medicine,” the goal is to shift the treatment for brain-related illness from trial and error into a bull’s-eye. To date, much of the research in ... More


EEG: A Window on the Mind

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on electroencephalography (EEG). The first EEG recordings from the human scalp were obtained in the early 1920s by the German psychiatrist Hans Berger. It took more than 10 years ... More


Statistical Inference in MEG Distributed Source Imaging

Dimitrios Pantazis and Richard M. Leahy

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter reviews the statistical tools available for the analysis of distributed activation maps defined either on the 2D cortical surface or throughout the 3D brain volume. Statistical analysis ... More


Attention in the Brain and Early Infancy

John E. Richards

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the hypothesis that changes in brain areas controlling attention strongly influence the development of attention in infant participants. It examines the methodological advances ... More


Novel Approaches to the Assessment of Frontal Damage and Executive Deficits in Traumatic Brain Injury

Brian Levine, Douglas I. Katz, Lauren Dade, and Sandra E. Black

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0028
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of frontal brain damage. This chapter describes interrelated streams of research aimed at improving the specificity of behavioral and brain imaging ... More


Dynamic Patterns as Shadows of Thought

Paull Nunez

in Brain, Mind, and the Structure of Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195340716
eISBN:
9780199776269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340716.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter discusses EEG's shadows of thought, revealing a number of newly discovered relationships between mind and brain. A healthy consciousness seems to be associated with a proper “balance” ... More


A picture is worth 1000 words, but which 1000?

Judy Illes, Eric Racine, and Matthew P. Kirschen

in Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter provides a brief review of technological capabilities for imaging the brain with an emphasis on functional methods, and explores the range of applications for which they have been used. ... More


Electrophysiological and Optical Measures of Cognitive Aging

Monica Fabiani and Gabriele Gratton

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews optical brain imaging and electrophysiology in the context of other available methodologies as they apply to aging research. Both methods emphasize the temporal aspects of the ... More


Optical Imaging of Brain Function

Gabriele Gratton and Monica Fabiani

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the use of noninvasive optical imaging methods in studying human brain function, with a view toward their possible applications to neuroergonomics. Topics discussed include the ... More


Introduction

Hanna Damasio

in Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195165616
eISBN:
9780199864041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165616.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter provides an overview of the content of the book with examples of different brain slice orientation obtained with structural brain imaging, overlap of sulci in different brains, and ... More


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