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 Brain Death

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends a narrow neurological criterion of death, which says that the permanent cessation of higher brain, or cortical, function is sufficient for the death of a person. It distinguishes ... More


The Visible Invisible

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter explores the diverse attempts to render “mind” thinkable by means of images. Advances in clinical medicine from the nineteenth century onward went hand in hand with the penetration of ... More


Cajal's Butterflies of the Soul: Science and Art

Javier DeFelipe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195392708
eISBN:
9780199863525
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392708.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book contains a large collection of beautiful figures produced throughout the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, which represent some characteristic examples of the early days of research ... More


Hemisphere Dominance of Brain Function—Which Functions Are Lateralized and Why?

Gunter Ehret

in 23 Problems in Systems Neuroscience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195148220
eISBN:
9780199864676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148220.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter argues for the investigation of the hemisphere dominances of brain functions rather than structural, cellular, and molecular asymmetries in brains. Although the latter are certainly ... More


Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Ivan Soltesz

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This book travels a colorful journey into the fascinatingly diverse world of interneurons, an important class of highly heterogeneous cells found in all cortical neuronal networks. Interneurons are ... More


Mental Disorders Across the Life Span and the Role of Executive Function Networks

Michelle C. Carlson, Dana Eldreth, Yi-Fang Chuang, and William W. Eaton

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter considers the relationship of disorders to brain function. It begins by defining executive functions and their importance to prosocial behavior and independent functioning. It then ... More


Electrophysiological and Optical Measures of Cognitive Aging

Monica Fabiani and Gabriele Gratton

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews optical brain imaging and electrophysiology in the context of other available methodologies as they apply to aging research. Both methods emphasize the temporal aspects of the ... More


Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Raja Parasuraman and Matthew Rizzo (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Neuroergonomics can be defined as the study of brain and behavior at work. It combines two disciplines: neuroscience, the study of brain structure and function; and ergonomics, the study of how to ... More


Broca's Region

Yosef Grodzinsky and Katrin Amunts (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177640
eISBN:
9780199864799
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177640.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Broca's region has been in the news ever since scientists realized that particular cognitive functions could be localized to parts of the cerebral cortex. Its discoverer, Paul Broca, was one of the ... More


The Noisy Brain: Stochastic Dynamics as a Principle of Brain Function

Edmund T. Rolls and Gustavo Deco

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199587865
eISBN:
9780191702471
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587865.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The activity of neurons in the brain is noisy in that their firing times are random when they are firing at a given mean rate. This introduces a random or stochastic property into brain processing ... More


What Can Be Learned from Electrical Stimulation?

Michael S. A. Graziano

in The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

Microstimulation is now considered one of the principle methods used to study brain function. This chapter provides a brief history and review of the stimulation technique. Topics covered include ... More


Ageing and the death of neurones

Paul G. Shiels and R. Wayne Davies

in Molecular Biology of the Neuron

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The maintenance of brain function depends on the continued correct functioning of the organ's support systems (glial cells, blood supply), on maintenance of individual neurone function and ... More


Approaches to Intentionality

William Lyons

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

What is intentionality? Intentionality is a distinguishing characteristic of states of mind such as beliefs, thoughts, wishes, dreams, and desires, which are about things outside themselves. This ... More


Blood–brain barrier and perivascular cells

Barbro B. Johansson

in Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter examines the relation between the blood–brain barrier (BBB) and perivascular cells. It explains that the BBB is a dynamic interface between blood and brain which restricts the entry of ... More


Functional neuroanatomy of language disorders: Reproduced from Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology, (2003). Oxford University Press.

Claudius Bartels and Claus-W. Wallesch

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.039
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter presents a synopsis of the representation of language functions in the brain with a focus on disorders based on three sources of information: lesion studies (i.e., what is known from the ... More


Brain Asymmetry in Vertebrates

Onur Güntürkün

in How Animals See the World: Comparative Behavior, Biology, and Evolution of Vision

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334654
eISBN:
9780199933167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334654.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Until the 1970s, cerebral asymmetries were thought to be unique to humans. However, left-right differences of brain and function are not only widespread among mammals, but also among many other ... More


Neuroethics: Defining the issues in theory, practice, and policy

Judy Illes (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567219
eISBN:
9780191724084
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Recent advances in the brain sciences have dramatically improved our understanding of brain function. As we find out more and more about what makes us tick, we must stop and consider the ethical ... More


What Can Sensory Substitution Tell Us about the Organization of the Brain?

Sarah Hillenbrand, Dina Raveh, and Amir Amedi

Fiona Macpherson (ed.)

in Sensory Substitution and Augmentation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266441
eISBN:
9780191884207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266441.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

We discuss how sensory substitution devices (SSDs) can be used to study the organization of the brain. To do so we look at the use of SSDs in the blind and how SSDs can be used to identify ... More


Rhythm, human temporality, and brain function

Michael H. Thaut

in Musical Communication

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529361
eISBN:
9780191689628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529361.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter examines the neurological bases of musical communication. First, it presents behavioural data from psychophysical studies in terms of how these data provide insight into assumed brain ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Isabelle Peretz and Robert J. Zatorre (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Music offers a unique opportunity to understand better the organization of the human brain. Like language, music exists in all human societies. Like language, music is a complex, rule-governed ... More


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