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Modules of the Human Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines some of the key modules that are likely to be unique to the human mind. These include a sophisticated mind-reading system, a language faculty, a variety of adaptations that ... More


Altruistic Love, Resiliency, Health, and the Role of Medicine

Gregory Fricchione

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0023
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter reflects on the relationships between attachment, resiliency, altruism, and health within the background of brain evolution and allostasis. It begins by discussing the disconnected ... More


The Evolution of Intelligence

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter fleshes out the “cultural drive” hypothesis proposed by eminent scientist Allan Wilson. It first considers the question of exactly how social learning could drive brain evolution when ... More


Psychological and Neurological Sources of Uniquely Human Forms of Prosocial Conduct

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, it is argued that because uniquely-human forms of prosocial conduct stem from mechanisms in the human brain, understanding how the brain evolved supplies a basis for understanding ... More


Animal Innovation

Simon M. Reader and Kevin N. Laland (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526223
eISBN:
9780191689406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526223.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In 1953 a young female Japanese macaque called Imo began washing sweet potatoes before eating them, presumably to remove dirt and sand grains. Soon other monkeys had adopted this behaviour, and ... More


The brain of the first hominids

Phillip V. Tobias

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter attempts to trace the stages of the brain evolution of the first hominids. Molecular biological studies set the emergence of the family of Hominidae as a late Miocene phenomenon, about ... More


The Cognitive-Buffer Hypothesis for the Evolution of Large Brains

Daniel Sol (ed.)

in Cognitive Ecology II

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226169354
eISBN:
9780226169378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226169378.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter relies on recent data to address the old question of why some animals have large brains relative to body size even though such brains incur substantial costs in terms of delayed ... More


Brains and the Evolution of Homo sapiens

Alan Harvey

in Music, evolution, and the harmony of souls

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198786856
eISBN:
9780191838736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198786856.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

To examine ideas as to how and why humans evolved (and retained) music and language as interrelated but distinct communication streams, this chapter sets out the basic tenets of modern evolutionary ... More


Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods: Early Humans and the Origins of Religion

E. Fuller Torrey

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231183369
eISBN:
9780231544863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231183369.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

Religions and mythologies from around the world teach that God or gods created humans. Atheist, humanist, and materialist critics, meanwhile, have attempted to turn theology on its head, claiming ... More


The history of the brain

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Like all biological traits, our memory systems reflect a long history. New memory systems emerged during each of several evolutionary transitions, especially major ones, and they depended on new or ... More


Evolutionary Depth of Human Brain Language Areas

Patrick J. Gannon

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter compares indicators of human language areas to nonhuman primates. It analyzes the evolutionary origin of language and any signs of asymmetry in language areas, such as the leftward ... More


Introducing Computational Evo Devo

Sergio Balari and Guillermo Lorenzo

in Computational Phenotypes: Towards an Evolutionary Developmental Biolinguistics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665464
eISBN:
9780191746116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665464.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter presents a framework for understanding the evolution of cognition and, specifically, of computational systems. The chapter adheres to a particular view on Evo Devo which, combining ... More


The history of memory systems

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The prevailing view of human memory emphasizes two memory systems: one assigned to four cortical areas in a conceptual construct called the “medial temporal lobe”; the other ascribed to the basal ... More


Evolution and scaling of dendrites

Samuel S.-H. Wang, Anthony E. Ambrosini, and Gayle M. Wittenberg

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Dendrites, the neuronal processes that receive synaptic inputs, are found in all nervous systems. The great diversity of dendrites, both within individual species and across phylogeny, reflects their ... More


Homo artifex: An Extended Evolutionary Perspective on the Origins of the Human Mind, Brain, and Culture

Dietrich Stout

in Squeezing Minds From Stones: Cognitive Archaeology and the Evolution of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190854614
eISBN:
9780190854645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854614.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

While stone tools provide only the narrowest keyhole view of the lives of our ancestors, new theory and methods that explicitly focus on the interaction of organisms and environments over time—niche ... More


The Evolution of Primate General and Cultural Intelligence*

Simon M. Reader, Yfke Hager, and Kevin N. Laland

in Culture Evolves

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199608966
eISBN:
9780191804656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199608966.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

There are consistent individual differences in human intelligence, attributable to a single ‘general intelligence’ factor, g. The evolutionary basis of g and its links to social learning and culture ... More


Cetartiodactylan Diversity, Evolution, and Adaptations

Annalisa Berta

in Return to the Sea: The Life and Evolutionary Times of Marine Mammals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520270572
eISBN:
9780520951440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270572.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The origin and evolutionary history of cetartiodactylans, which include cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) and their extinct ungulate relatives, is explored in this chapter. The excellent ... More


The humble heredity of humongous hemispheres

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, Mary K. L. Baldwin, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198828051
eISBN:
9780191866708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828051.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

In this chapter, a distant ancestor makes a success of greed, laziness, and fear; a driver hits the jackpot; and Dorothy comes to a fork in the yellow brick road. But mainly we consider how the brain ... More


Evolution of the Cerebellar Sense of Self

John Montgomery and David Bodznick

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198758860
eISBN:
9780191834752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758860.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The cerebellum is an intriguing component of the brain. In humans, it occupies only 10% of the brain volume, yet has approximately 69 billion neurons, i.e. 80% of the nerve cells in the brain! A ... More


The Stories Stones Tell of Language and Its Evolution

Shelby S. Putt

in Squeezing Minds From Stones: Cognitive Archaeology and the Evolution of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190854614
eISBN:
9780190854645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854614.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Language origins remain shrouded in mystery. With little remaining from our earliest ancestors, language evolution researchers have turned to stone tools to learn about ancestral language capacities, ... More


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