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Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Tito Boeri, Herbert Brücker, Frédéric Docquier, and Hillel Rapoport (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This volume reviews the most recent research on brain drain and brain gain, producing new original results by the means of data sources specifically assembled for this study, and addressing several ... More


The Size of the Brain Drain

Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This chapter first provides a quantitative assessment of the evolution and spatial distribution of the brain drain using updated data on emigration rates to the OECD by educational attainment. In ... More


Theory, Evidence, and Implications

Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This chapter reviews the channels through which skilled emigration can affect the source countries. Recent literature suggests that remittances, return migration, diaspora externalities, and network ... More


Introduction

Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

The chapter briefly describes the rate of growth of international migration, arguing that the most rapidly growing segment is the migration of skilled workers from developing to industrialized ... More


Conclusion

Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This chapter summarizes the main finding of the book, that is the fact that the impact of highly skilled emigration on sending countries need not be detrimental. The chapter argues that the optimal ... More


Skilled Immigration: The Perspective of Developing Countries

Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport

in Skilled Immigration Today: Prospects, Problems, and Policies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382433
eISBN:
9780199852352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382433.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the Bhagwati tax and other issues concerning the impact of out-migration of the skilled. It provides a survey of 40 years of research on skilled out-migration. The chapter cites ... More


International Migration and Labor Conditions

Robert J. Flanagan

in Globalization and Labor Conditions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306002
eISBN:
9780199783564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306007.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter shows the powerful role of international labor market competition in narrowing differences in labor conditions between countries that remain open to migration flows. International ... More


Student Migration to the United States and Brain Circulation: Issues, Empirical Results, and Programmes in Latin America

Diego F. Angel‐Urdinola, Taizo Takeno, and Quentin Wodon

in The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199532605
eISBN:
9780191714627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

High-skilled student migration may lead to a brain drain for developing countries. After a brief review of the literature, this chapter provides an analysis of patterns of student migration to the ... More


Policy Issues

Frédéric Docquier and Hillel Rapoport

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This section evaluates the policy implications of the brain drain. It focuses on policies that specifically address the causes and consequences of the brain drain. In particular, it explores whether ... More


Sojourns and Software: Internationally Mobile Human Capital and High-Tech Industry Development in India, Ireland, and Israel

Devesh Kapur and John McHale

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter analyzes the role of international flows of human capital in the growth of the software industry in the 3Is. Although skilled emigration is usually seen in such threatening ‘brain drain’ ... More


Introduction

Tito Boeri

in Brain Drain and Brain Gain: The Global Competition to Attract High-Skilled Migrants

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654826
eISBN:
9780191742095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654826.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

The worldwide race to attract talents is getting tougher. So far the winner has been the USA, attracting PhD candidates and graduates not only from emerging countries, but also from the EU. However, ... More


International Migration in the Asia–Pacific Region: Emerging Trends and Issues

Graeme Hugo

in International Migration: Prospects and Policies in a Global Market

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269006
eISBN:
9780191601309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269009.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

With more than half the world's population, the Asia‐Pacific Region has become the world's major source of international migrants, although there is also a great deal of migration within and into the ... More


Causes and Consequences of Talent Mobility

Andrés Solimano

in The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199532605
eISBN:
9780191714627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter takes a fresh look at the topic of international mobility examining talented and highly educated individuals. It highlights the potential of ‘brain circulation’ embedded in the greater ... More


Immigration

Gillian Brock

in Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199230938
eISBN:
9780191710957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230938.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 8 discusses whether easing restrictions on immigration would be helpful in advancing global justice. Some particular kinds of migration policies (such as, those that have strict term limits, ... More


High Skilled Migration and Remittances: India’s Experience since Economic Liberalization

Sunil Mani

in Growth, Development, and Diversity: India's Record since Liberalization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077992
eISBN:
9780199081608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077992.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There is substantial evidence to show that high-skilled migration from India has increased during the post-liberalization period—a phase when market opportunities increased. This chapter measures the ... More


Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

David W. DeLong

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This book shows how the cost of losing human knowledge in a technology-intensive world seriously affects organizational success. It explains what leaders must do to retain critical know-how as ... More


The Returns to the Brain Drain and Brain Circulation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some Computations Using Data from Ghana

Yaw Nyarko

in African Successes, Volume II: Human Capital

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226316055
eISBN:
9780226316192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226316192.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

We look at the decision of the government or "central planner" in the allocation of scarce governmental resources for tertiary education, as well as that for the individual. We provide estimates of ... More


Overview of Issues

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Skilled Immigration Today: Prospects, Problems, and Policies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195382433
eISBN:
9780199852352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382433.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

It is widely believed that skilled immigrants create fewer assimilation problems and are more desirable in modern knowledge-based economies than unskilled immigrants. Whereas unskilled workers ... More


South Africa: Immigration to Post-Apartheid South Africa: Critical Reflections

Brij Maharaj

in Immigration Worldwide: Policies, Practices, and Trends

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195388138
eISBN:
9780199863440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388138.003.0024
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

There have been long delays in developing a new progressive immigration policy in South Africa. It is true that despite the numerous problems that face the majority of blacks in South Africa, for ... More


Higher Education, Innovation and Growth

Giorgia Brunello, Pietro Garibaldi, and Etienne Wasmer

in Education and Training in Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199210978
eISBN:
9780191705786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210978.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter presents an overview and presents some suggestive evidence about the role of highly educated workers in promoting technological and scientific progress and as a consequence economic ... More


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