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Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Evian Gordon, MD, PhD and Stephen Koslow, PhD (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Key thoughts leaders and practitioners in personalized medicine distil its current status, future directions, and recommendation for successful implementation of for brain disorders. This text is a ... More


The Epidemiology of Autism

Christopher Gillberg

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the major epidemiological studies performed in the field of autism (including so-called ASDs). Studies published in the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and from 2000 are considered. ... More


Epilepsy and Memory

Adam Zeman, Narinder Kapur, and Marilyn Jones-Gotman (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Epilepsy is one of the most common disorders of the brain, and these patients often suffer from memory problems. There are a number of reasons for this: seizures can directly affect the brain in ways ... More


Bioprediction of Brain Disorder: Definitions and Scope

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The literature often under-describes the definitions of biomarkers and bioprediction, which leads to needless confusion and disagreement; it is not uncommon to encounter scientists or neuroethicists ... More


The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Mingzhou Ding, PhD and Dennis Glanzman,PhD (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Neuronal responses to identically presented stimuli are extremely variable. This variability has in the past often been regarded as “noise.” At the single neuron level, interspike interval (ISI) ... More


Failures Of Dynamic Coordination in Disease States and Their Implications For Normal Brain Function

Steven M. Silverstein

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

A number of non-independent factors, such as neurotransmitter and receptor excesses and reductions, a reduced ability to generate oscillations and synchrony, and changes in gene expression due to ... More


Neuron-Astrocyte Partnership in Brain Function and Dysfunction

Carmignoto Giorgio and Gomez-Gónzalo Marta

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter provides a brief overview of the “historical” findings and some of the most relevant observations that advance the understanding of the amazing complexity of neuron-astrocyte partnership ... More


Willing addicts? Drinkers, dandies, druggies, and other Dionysians

Owen Flanagan

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A willing addict is one who reflectively endorses their addiction. Some say that there are no willing addicts, only unwilling addicts who are trying to stop but not succeeding, or resigned addicts ... More


Living and Dying with Dementia: Dialogues about palliative care

Neil Small, Katherine Froggatt, and Murna Downs

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198566878
eISBN:
9780191730511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566878.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Improvements in health care in the 21st century mean people are living longer, but with the paradox that chronic illness is increasingly prevalent. Dementia, a term used to describe various different ... More


The Biomedical Promise of Biomarkers

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Spurred by the therapeutic promise of early identification and treatment, the pursuit of biomarkers for brain disorders gallops forth at an unprecedented pace. Here the chapter introduces cases that ... More


Developmental disorders

Risto Näätänen, Teija Kujala, and Gregory Light

in The Mismatch Negativity: A Window to the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198705079
eISBN:
9780191874192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198705079.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Developmental brain disorders, such as developmental dyslexia, specific language impairment (SLI), autism spectrum of disorders (ASD), and oral clefts, include perceptual-cognitive deficits of ... More


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