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Molecular Biology of the Neuron

R. Wayne Davies and Brian Morris

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509981
eISBN:
9780191723810
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509981.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Neurons are arguably the most complex of all cells. From the action of these cells comes movement, thought, and consciousness. It is a challenging task to understand what molecules direct the various ... More


Measuring Results, Measuring the Soul: Science and the Spirit

Cristopher D. Ringwald

in The Soul of Recovery: Uncovering the Spiritual Dimension in the Treatment of Addictions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195147681
eISBN:
9780199849338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195147681.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The term “addiction” is associated with different meanings depending on context. The change of the meaning of the causes of addiction from a moral failing to a brain disease has caused people to rely ... More


Psychiatric assessment: With G.E. Berrios, E.S. Paykel and A. Wagle

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Brain disease of whatever nature can give rise to mental symptoms and disorders that, on occasions, may interfere with the assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, and recovery of the underlying ... More


How May Neuroscience Affect the Way that the Criminal Courts Deal with Addicted Offenders?

Wayne Hall and Adrian Carter

in Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199925605
eISBN:
9780199332939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199925605.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Two competing views of addiction often frame debates about the legal responsibility of addicted persons for their drug use and crimes committed in order to use drugs: 1) the “brain disease model”; ... More


Looking to the future: Clinical and policy implications of the brain disease model of addiction

Adrian Carter and Wayne Hall

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0025
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The increasing recognition of addiction as a brain disease promises to significantly improve clinical treatment, reduce the stigma and discrimination aimed at people with an addiction, increase ... More


Episodic memory: insights from semantic dementia

John R. Hodges and Kim S. Graham

in Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508809
eISBN:
9780191687396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508809.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Memory, in its broadest sense, refers to the storage and retrieval of any form of information but, when considered as an aspect of human cognition, it clearly does not describe a unitary function. ... More


What Kind of Psychiatry Do You Want?

Richard P. Bentall

in Doctoring the Mind: Is Our Current Treatment of Mental Illness Really Any Good?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791486
eISBN:
9780814739143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791486.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses the failure of the dominant paradigm in psychiatry, which assumes that mental illnesses are genetically influenced brain diseases. The failure of psychiatry is the consequence ... More


What Is Schizophrenia?

Rachel Miller and Susan E. Mason

in Diagnosis: Schizophrenia, Second Edition, second edition: A Comprehensive Resource for Consumers, Families, and Helping Professionals

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150415
eISBN:
9780231521024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150415.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes schizophrenia and its symptoms in more detail. Schizophrenia is a disease of the brain that affects about one percent of the population, usually occurring between adolescence ... More


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