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Epilogue

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This epilogue presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. It emphasizes five general points that should frame any discussion of what measures of or interventions in the brain can ... More


Death and Dying

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter takes up issues related to end of life decisions in Islam: Who makes them? This is the most innovative chapter in the sense that it takes up the neglected definition of death from ... More


Endings

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Argues that we must have two concepts of death – the death or ceasing to exist of the person and the death of the human organism. Brain death is not the proper criterion for either of these. ... More


Death and the Brain

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

in Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199739172
eISBN:
9780199918683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Traditionally, death has been determined by observing the cessation of respiration and circulation. Technological developments in the middle of the twentieth century led to a new conception of death ... More


Democritus and Lucretius on Death and Dying

C. C. W. Taylor

in Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226399
eISBN:
9780191710209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226399.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter compares the treatments of death and dying by Democritus and Lucretius. Both held the soul to be a physical structure of atoms, and death to consist in the loss of soul-atoms from the ... More


The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Jeff McMahan

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A comprehensive study of the ethics of killing in cases in which the metaphysical or moral status of the individual killed is uncertain or controversial. Among those beings whose status is ... More


Brain death and the definition of death

James L. Bernat

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

The idea that a person is dead when brain functions have ceased irreversibly is one of the oldest and most enduring debates in neuroethics. This chapter traces the history of brain death by ... More


Brain Death

Steven Laureys

in Neuroethics in Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195389784
eISBN:
9780199979233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389784.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The use of high-tech intensive care in the 1960s led to the dissociation between cardiac, respiratory, and brain function in patients who would have previously died from apnoea. As a consequence, ... More


Acquisition of Organs

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Deals with the problem of the acquisition and distribution of organs for transplantation and allows the application of the foregoing theoretical discussion of saving lives and relevant/irrelevant ... More


Brain Death and Peter Singer

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter offers a response to a 1998 paper by Peter Singer and it focuses on discussion in 1979 by Grisez and Boyle of the theoretical, factual, and operational definition or criteria of death. ... More


Brain Death and Spontaneous Breathing

F. M. Kamm

in Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199971985
eISBN:
9780199346141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971985.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the arguments for and against brain death as the criterion for death. It considers the question of why completely artificially supported respiration, with no other major ... More


When bright lines blur: Deconstructing distinctions between disorders of consciousness

David B. Fischer and Robert D. Truog

in Neuroethics: Anticipating the future

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198786832
eISBN:
9780191839894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786832.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Disorders of consciousness are devastating to patients and present profound challenges to clinicians, scientists, philosophers, and ethicists alike. In the past, distinguishing between levels of ... More


Organic Unity, Brain Life, and Our Beginning

John Finnis

in Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter is about a thesis, proposed by Michael Lockwood and some Catholic theologians, that a human life does not begin until the brain has formed and matured to a sufficient degree. The thesis ... More


Bioethics

James W. Heisig, Thomas P. Kasulis, and John C. Maraldo (eds)

in Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835521
eISBN:
9780824870270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835521.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This section provides an overview of bioethics and its place in Japanese philosophy. Ethical questions surround the effects of science and technology on everyday life. Debates about everything from ... More


Justice, Profound Neurological Injury, and Brain Death

Michael Nair-Collins and James M. Hitt

in Medicine and Social Justice: Essays on the Distribution of Health Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199744206
eISBN:
9780190267551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199744206.003.0040
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines issues of social justice as it pertains to the provision of health care for individuals suffering from profound neurological injury and brain death. Advances in neurology enable ... More


brain death: steel magnolias

andrew fenton

in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199735365
eISBN:
9780190267520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199735365.003.0066
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter uses the film Steel Magnolias (1989) to set the stage for a discussion of brain death. The focus is on the character of Shelby Eatenton (Julia Roberts), a diabetic who collapses and ... More


Pushing Near-Death Experiences (II): Reanimation, “Coma,” and “Brain Death”

Jens Schlieter

in What Is It Like To Be Dead?: Near-Death Experiences, Christianity, and the Occult

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190888848
eISBN:
9780190888879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190888848.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

A second “push factor” for the increase of near-death experiences (and their reporting), emerging in the 1960s and 1970s, is the introduction of new reanimation techniques that increased the relative ... More


Facial Work: Aesthetic Surgery as Lifesaving Work

Heather Laine Talley

in Saving Face: Disfigurement and the Politics of Appearance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784105
eISBN:
9781479840052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784105.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter describes how brain death is just one form of death that shapes clinical practice. Within sites of facial work, assumptions about disfigurement undergird medical practices. Specifically, ... More


Organ Transplant

K. Kannan

in Medicine and the Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198082880
eISBN:
9780199082827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082880.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Prolongation of life and improvement of quality of health assumed immense possibilities with organ transplants from live and deceased donors. When a person can be treated as dead in order for organs ... More


Intention and Identity: Collected Essays Volume II

John Finnis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580064
eISBN:
9780191729386
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580064.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This volume contains nineteen published and unpublished chapters from 1987 to 2009. They are grouped into four parts. The chapters in the first part examine the ways in which being a person grounds ... More


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