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The management of bowel obstruction in advanced gynaecological malignancy

Doreen Oneschuk

in Palliative Care Consultations in Gynaeoncology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528067
eISBN:
9780191730351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528067.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter focuses on malignant bowel obstruction (MBO), a common complication in women diagnosed with ovarian cancer, colorectal cancer, and other gynaecological malignancies. MBO generally ... More


SNPs, HapMap, and common disease

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The extent of single nucleotide polymorphism is reviewed, together with insights gained into the nature of allelic architecture in terms of haplotypes, linkage disequilibrium and recombination. The ... More


Central Control of Gastrointestinal Function

Pamela J. Hornby and Paul R. Wade

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter builds on a basic understanding of the central nervous system (CNS) as coordinator of regional gastrointestinal (GI) tract reflexes. The dorsal vagal complex in the CNS permissively ... More


Gastrointestinal and genitourinary disorders

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the best models of gastrointestinal disorders to use as a model for understanding placebo mechanisms. Several brain regions are inhibited by a placebo treatment in ... More


Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

Rebecca Anne Barr, Sylvie Kleiman-Lafton, and Sophie Vasset (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526127051
eISBN:
9781526138682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526127051.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This collection of essays seeks to complicate the notion of the supremacy of the brain as the key organ of the Enlightenment, by focusing on the workings of the bowels and viscera that obsessed ... More


Colorectal cancer

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses colorectal cancer, which is the second most common malignancy in the United Kingdom. It has an incidence of 30,000 cases annually and is the cause of the deaths of over 20,000 ... More


Symptom control in care of the dying

Paul Glare, Andrew Dickman, and Margaret Goodman

in Care for the Dying: A Pathway to Excellence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198509332
eISBN:
9780191730177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509332.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses symptom control in care of the dying. It is divided into three sections, each of which is written by a single author. The first section, written by Paul Glare, looks at the ... More


Assessment of Novel Therapies for Constipation: Focus on Opioid Analgesics

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Pain control is a primary goal of palliative care. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pain control specify an escalating series of therapies, but the ultimate resource for the control ... More


Malignant bowel obstruction

S. Lawrence Librach, A. Nina Horvath, and E. Anne Langlois

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0065
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter explains via a case study the desired skills, attitudes, and knowledge necessary to diagnose and manage malignant bowel obstruction (MBO). It addresses several questions such as: What is ... More


Non-Pain Symptom Management

James L. Hallenbeck

in Palliative Care Perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195165784
eISBN:
9780199999897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165784.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the management of non-pain symptoms in terminally ill patients. These symptoms include nausea and vomiting, constipation, bowel obstruction, dyspnea, and cachexia. The chapter ... More


Gastrointestinal Disorders of Infancy and Childhood

Michael Farrell, Alison Cassin, and Rebecca Wilhelm

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses gastrointestinal disorders of infancy and childhood, including biochemical and clinical abnormalities and factors to be considered in nutritional evaluation. Management of ... More


Phytocannabinoids and the Gastrointestinal System

Marnie Duncan and Angelo A. Izzo

in Handbook of Cannabis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199662685
eISBN:
9780191787560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662685.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The plant Cannabis, which has been traditionally employed for the treatment of gastrointestinal ailments, contains both psychotropic phytocannabinoids, such as Δ‎9-tetrahydrocannabinol and ... More


The neurobiology of gut feelings

Qasim Aziz and James K. Ruffle

in The Interoceptive Mind: From Homeostasis to Awareness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198811930
eISBN:
9780191850080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811930.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

“It’s a gut feeling.” Indeed, how and why do we get “gut feelings?” After the brain, the gut is the second most innervated bodily organ, diffusely interconnected with gastrointestinal afferent ... More


The belly and the viscera of the capital city

Gilles Thomas

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526127051
eISBN:
9781526138682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526127051.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the catacombs and sewers of Paris: a maze of underground galleries that were essential to the proper functioning of the city above them. They create a vast network that resemble ... More


The saints of the entrails and the bowels of the earth

Jacques Gélis

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526127051
eISBN:
9781526138682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526127051.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This article explores the texts and visual representations of the ‘saints of the bowels’ in order to establish an anthropological classification of aching bellies in early-modern France. A web of ... More


Psychiatry: Medicating Modern Moods

Stefan Ecks

in Eating Drugs: Psychopharmaceutical Pluralism in India

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814724767
eISBN:
9780814760307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814724767.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter shows how Calcutta psychiatrists position themselves vis-á-vis popular “superstitions” about psychopharmaceuticals, general physicians, practitioners of nonbiomedical treatments, and the ... More


Gastrointestinal and genitourinary disorders

Benedetti Fabrizio

in Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198705086
eISBN:
9780191789151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the best models of gastrointestinal disorders to understand placebo mechanisms. Several brain regions are inhibited by a placebo treatment in patients suffering ... More


Lactose Intolerance

Patricia J. Becker, Alison Cassin, and Scott Pentiuk

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0050
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses lactose intolerance, including biochemical abnormalities and factors to be considered in nutritional evaluation. The diagnosis and dietary management of lactose digestion and ... More


Football As Product

Michael Oriard

in Brand NFL: Making and Selling America's Favorite Sport

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807871560
eISBN:
9781469604992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807899656_oriard.8
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The chapter looks in detail at the marketing and branding of NFL football. It looks into the shift in the image of football from a sport to a brand and entertainment product. It discusses the ... More


Waste Management in Beckett’s Watt

Beci Carver

in Granular Modernism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198709923
eISBN:
9780191780196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709923.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

In reading Arnold Geulincx in the bowels of Trinity library in Dublin in the 1930s, Beckett became distracted by the resemblance between his metaphors and those of contemporary laxative adverts. This ... More


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