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Irrigation Management—Does Bottom Up Work Better than Top Down in Sri Lanka?

Gamini Herath

in Promise, Trust and Evolution: Managing the Commons of South Asia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213832
eISBN:
9780191707438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

In Sri Lanka, the major institutional innovation introduced since the 1980s is the Irrigation Management Transfer (IMT) to water user associations (WUAs). In situations where top-down transfer ... More


Experimental Evolution from the Bottom Up

Daniel E. Dykhuizen and Anthony M. Dean

in Experimental Evolution: Concepts, Methods, and Applications of Selection Experiments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247666
eISBN:
9780520944473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247666.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the bottom-up approach used to understand the nature of natural selection, and begins by discussing a bottom-up analysis of the lactose system. The study of lactose metabolism ... More


Bridging the Gap between Patients and Models

Ilka Diester, Franz Hefti, Isabelle Mansuy, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Trevor W. Robbins, Lee L. Rubin, Akira Sawa, Marius Wernig, Gül Dölen, Steven E. Hyman, Lennart Mucke, Karoly Nikolich, and Bernd Sommer

in Translational Neuroscience: Toward New Therapies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029865
eISBN:
9780262329859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029865.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Classic research into human disease tends to be top-down or bottom-up, from symptoms or genes, respectively. While bottom-up approaches may work in oncology and might advance understanding of ... More


Regional Stabilization in International Relations Theory

Norrin M. Ripsman

in Peacemaking from Above, Peace from Below: Ending Conflict between Regional Rivals

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501702471
eISBN:
9781501704079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501702471.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents an overview of the different possible paths to peace between regional rivals. It begins with a discussion of the complexity of regional rivalries, complicated as they are by ... More


Risk Aggregation and Capital Management

Sumit Mathur

in Investment Risk Management

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199331963
eISBN:
9780190214098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331963.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter provides an analysis of the risk aggregation process in banks in both a regulatory and a non-regulatory context. It starts with a brief introduction defining risk aggregation and ... More


Rethinking the Structure of Evolutionary Theory for an Extended Synthesis

Alan C. Love

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the theoretical implications of Extended Synthesis and addresses the methodological options available for determining aspects of theoretical structure. It uses a “bottom-up” ... More


Capacitating Services and the Bottom-Up Approach to Social Investment

Charles Sabel, Jonathan Zeitlin, and Sigrid Quack

in The Uses of Social Investment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198790488
eISBN:
9780191831744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790488.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A crucial component of the new social investment paradigm is the provision of capacitating social services aimed at the early identification and mitigation of problems. We argue that conceiving of ... More


Introduction: towards a better workfare state, or one beyond it?

Mick Carpenter, Stuart Speeden, and Belinda Freda

in Beyond the workfare state: Labour markets, equalities and human rights

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348739
eISBN:
9781447301547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348739.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This introductory chapter discusses the possibility of a shifting from the current trend in the United Kingdom to a more disciplinary ‘workfare state’. The first section is on the development of a ... More


The African response

Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

in African security in the twenty-first century: Challenges and opportunities

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781526122735
eISBN:
9781526136190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526122735.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Paradoxically, as much as Africa’s current problems are often rooted in the past, the continent today finds itself squarely at the forefront of new security thinking. Although the international ... More


Is There a Need for Restructuring the Collaboration among the WTO and UN Agencies so as to Harness their Complementarities?

Gary P. Sampson

in Reforming the World Trading System: Legitimacy, Efficiency, and Democratic Governance

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199282623
eISBN:
9780191700224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282623.003.0029
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter shows that the World Trade Organization (WTO) and United Nations (UN) agencies pursue common goals and could mutually benefit from closer cooperation among the WTO and UN bodies. It ... More


The Interior View of a War

Marieke Brandt

in Tribes and Politics in Yemen: A History of the Houthi Conflict

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190673598
eISBN:
9780190872649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190673598.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

The introductory chapter outlines the research question, research methods, and structure of the book. The book aims at exploring the ‘grassroots’ dynamics of the Houthi conflict in its area of origin ... More


The Impact of Curriculum-Based Measurement on Teacher Practice

Dana L. Wagner and Barbara J. Scierka

in A Measure of Success: The Influence of Curriculum-Based Measurement on Education

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816679706
eISBN:
9781452947631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816679706.003.0023
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter discusses the factors that have contributed to the success of Curriculum-Based Measurement (CBM) within the teaching profession. First, CBM research began with teachers, taking a ... More


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