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The Genetics of Exotic Bird Introductions

Tim M. Blackburn, Julie L. Lockwood, and Phillip Cassey

in Avian Invasions: The Ecology and Evolution of Exotic Birds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232543
eISBN:
9780191715983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232543.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter considers the long-term outcomes of exotic bird establishment in terms of the propensity for evolution in exotic bird populations. It shows that exotic birds have occasionally lost ... More


Bottlenecks: A New Theory of Equal Opportunity

Joseph Fishkin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199812141
eISBN:
9780199395576
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812141.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Equal opportunity is a powerful idea with broad appeal. Yet the most attractive existing conceptions of equal opportunity cannot be achieved. As long as families are free to raise their children ... More


12 Electronic structure and luminescence of low-dimensional semiconductors

Ivan Pelant and Jan Valenta

in Luminescence Spectroscopy of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588336
eISBN:
9780191738548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588336.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Unlike all of the previous chapters, this one is devoted to low-dimensional semiconductor structures (quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots-nanocrystals). Basic classification of these ... More


Guided Search 4.0: Current Progress with a Model of Visual Search

Jeremy M. Wolfe

in Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195189193
eISBN:
9780199847457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Visual input is processed in parallel in the early stages of the visual system. Later, object recognition processes are also massively parallel, matching a visual object with a vast array of stored ... More


Mental timing and the central attentional bottleneck

Eric Ruthruff and Harold Pashler

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter evaluates the mental time estimation hypothesis which proposes that timing might be subject to a discrete central attentional bottleneck and timing cannot take place until certain ... More


Big Tech and the Digital Economy: The Moligopoly Scenario

Nicolas Petit

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198837701
eISBN:
9780191874291
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198837701.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Competition Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

To date, world antitrust and regulatory agencies have invariably described large technology companies—such as Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Apple, and Facebook—as dominant, bottleneck or gatekeeping ... More


Activation, binding, and selective access: An embedded three-component framework for working memory

Klaus Oberauer

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter offers a model in which there is no limit to the amount of activation available, with the possibility of multiple distinct activations. However limitations arise if there are too many ... More


The attentional blink bottleneck

Pierre Jolicœur, Roberto DellʼAcqua, and Jacquelyn M. Crebolder

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The attentional blink (AB) phenomenon can be succinctly defined as an increase in the difficulty of reporting a second (masked) target that follows (after a short delay) a first target that required ... More


Perceptual and central interference in dual-task performance

Eric Ruthruff and Harold E. Pashler

in The Limits of Attention: Temporal Constraints in Human Information Processing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198505150
eISBN:
9780191686818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198505150.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Humans often experience difficulty when asked to perform multiple tasks at the same time. Two of the better-known forms of dual-task interference are the attentional blink (AB) effect and the ... More


Economic Restructuring and the Remaking of the Hong Kong-Guangdong Nexus

Ching Kwan Lee

in Gender and the South China Miracle: Two Worlds of Factory Women

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520211254
eISBN:
9780520920040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520211254.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

The economic dynamism since the late 1980s of the south China manufacturing region has been founded on a regional history of tenacious social and economic ties between two societies adopting opposing ... More


The People Who Make Organizations Go—or Stop

Rob Cross and Laurence Prusak

in Networks in the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159509
eISBN:
9780197562017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159509.003.0017
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

We’re all familiar with the truism “It’s not what you know, it’s who you know.” Managers invariably use their personal contacts when they need to, say, ... More


Making Invisible Work Visible : Using Social Network Analysis to Support Strategic Collaboration

Rob Cross and Stephen P. Borgatti,

in Networks in the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159509
eISBN:
9780197562017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159509.003.0018
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

Over the past decade, significant restructuring efforts have resulted in organizations with fewer hierarchical levels and more permeable internal and ... More


Aiming for Excellence

Michael Tansey

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199974580
eISBN:
9780197563335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974580.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Clinical trial processes are what we repeatedly do in clinical research, but, unfortunately, the habit of excellence is not as prevalent as it might be. ... More


Dynamical Approaches to Unimolecular Rates

Tomas Baer and William L. Hase

in Unimolecular Reaction Dynamics: Theory and Experiments

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195074949
eISBN:
9780197560297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195074949.003.0010
Subject:
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry

In the previous chapters theories were discussed for calculating the unimolecular rate constant as a function of energy and angular momentum. The assumption inherent ... More


Introduction: Embouteillage

Caroline Melly

in Bottleneck: Moving, Building, and Belonging in an African City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226488875
eISBN:
9780226489063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226489063.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

This chapter introduces the reader to the profound cultural paradox at the heart of this book: that mobility—particularly transnational migration—is both a cherished collective value and an ... More


Trafficking Visions

Caroline Melly

in Bottleneck: Moving, Building, and Belonging in an African City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226488875
eISBN:
9780226489063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226489063.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

Accompanying cab drivers as they move along the city’s emergent highways and neglected side roads, this chapter considers what citizenship and governance look like for many urban residents in an era ... More


Embouteillage and Its Limits

Caroline Melly

in Bottleneck: Moving, Building, and Belonging in an African City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226488875
eISBN:
9780226489063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226489063.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

The conclusion considers the adaptability and utility of the concept of embouteillage at other moments and in other places. It first argues that the bottleneck remained a culturally relevant and ... More


My Beloved Monster

Sergio Balari and Guillermo Lorenzo

in Computational Phenotypes: Towards an Evolutionary Developmental Biolinguistics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665464
eISBN:
9780191746116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665464.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The main theme of the chapter revolves around the notion of “monster,” both in its biological and social dimensions, in order to explain the processes that eventually brought about the appearance of ... More


The major transitions in light of inclusive fitness theory

Andrew F. G. Bourke

in Principles of Social Evolution

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199231157
eISBN:
9780191774553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231157.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Major transitions involving different species or unrelated members of the same species (egalitarian transitions) are always cooperative, with both partners retaining the ability to reproduce. Only ... More


The Now-or-Never Processing Bottleneck

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

in Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 4 discusses how the immediacy of language processing provides a fundamental constraint on theories of language acquisition and evolution. Language happens in the here-and-now. Because memory ... More


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