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Imperial botany and the early scientific breeders

Denis J. Murphy

in People, Plants and Genes: The Story of Crops and Humanity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207145
eISBN:
9780191708893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207145.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The expansion of the British and Dutch mercantile empires from the 17th century was accompanied by a renewal of the old Babylonian concept of Imperial Botany, now made all the more effective by a new ... More


Care and Its Publics: Peopling Botanical Gardens

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Eight shifts gears to consider how publics are engaged by the gardens. This chapter shows how people varyingly interact with and respond to botanical knowledge as they encounter plants along ... More


Cultivating Elite Inclusion

Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo

in Paradise Transplanted: Migration and the Making of California Gardens

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277762
eISBN:
9780520959217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277762.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

One of the largest Suzhou-style scholar's gardens outside China opened in the San Gabriel Valley in 2008, at the Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens. The project brought ... More


An American Tropical Laboratory

Megan Raby

in American Tropics: The Caribbean Roots of Biodiversity Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635606
eISBN:
9781469635613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635606.003.0002
Subject:
History, Environmental History

During the lead-up to the Spanish-American War, U.S. botanists looked with envy at the progress of European scientists, who had access to tropical colonies. They pushed for the creation of their own ... More


Living Ethnographies: Of Plants and Arguments

John Hartigan Jr.

in Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Six offers tours of the three gardens’ living collections, as well as discussions with taxonomists about how they decide what plants to display and how they organize their field collecting ... More


Gardens of Migration

Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo

in Paradise Transplanted: Migration and the Making of California Gardens

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277762
eISBN:
9780520959217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277762.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to examine Southern California gardens through a migration lens. It argues that we cannot understand these gardens without acknowledging that nearly ... More


North’s gardens: redemption and the return to origins

Jeff Rosen

in Julia Margaret Cameron's 'fancy subjects': Photographic allegories of Victorian identity and empire

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781784993177
eISBN:
9781526109811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784993177.003.0008
Subject:
Art, Art History

In 1874, Cameron left England for Ceylon, and two years later, when the painter Marianne North visited her, both women produced works of art in each other’s presence that expressed cultural ... More


Teaching Children Science: Hands-On Nature Study in North America, 1890-1930

Sally Kohlstedt

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226449906
eISBN:
9780226449920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226449920.001.0001
Subject:
Education, History of Education

In the early twentieth century, a curriculum known as nature study flourished in major city school systems, streetcar suburbs, small towns, and even rural one-room schools. This object-based approach ... More


Pál Kitaibel: Agricultural Science

István Hargittai and Magdolna Hargittai

in Budapest Scientific: A Guidebook

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198719076
eISBN:
9780191788420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719076.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The polymath botanist Pál Kitaibel represents agricultural science, which has had strong traditions in Hungary. There are memorabilia of scientists in botany, zoology, veterinary medicine, economics ... More


Reordering the Space: A Colonial Metropolis

Queeny Pradhan

in Empire in the Hills: Simla, Darjeeling, Ootacamund, and Mount Abu, 1820-1920

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780199463558
eISBN:
9780199088874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199463558.003.0006
Subject:
History, Indian History, Cultural History

The fragmentation of space was done in fine detail. The contradictions of an expansive capitalist state were foregrounded in this spatialization. Large-scale public buildings, symbolic of the ... More


Linnaeus’s Credibilizing Transit

Thomas F. Gieryn

in Truth-Spots: How Places Make People Believe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226561950
eISBN:
9780226562001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562001.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

It was not inevitable that Linnaeus' taxonomic system for classifying plants would still be used today. His success in persuading all of science that his nomenclature was superior to rival candidates ... More


The Science of Describing: Natural History in Renaissance Europe

Brian W. Ogilvie

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226620879
eISBN:
9780226620862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620862.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Out of the diverse traditions of medical humanism, classical philology, and natural philosophy, Renaissance naturalists created a new science devoted to discovering and describing plants and animals. ... More


Nature’s Wonders: Natural History as Pastime

Federico Marcon

in The Knowledge of Nature and the Nature of Knowledge in Early Modern Japan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251905
eISBN:
9780226252063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226252063.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces various forms of popular pastimes and frenzies for species of plants and animals that characterized eighteenth century Japan. It includes landscaping, ornamental gardening, ... More


Truth-Spots: How Places Make People Believe

Thomas F. Gieryn

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226561950
eISBN:
9780226562001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226562001.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Truth-spots lend credibility to beliefs and claims about natural and social reality, about the past and future, about identity and the mystical. Such ideas or accounts inevitably have a place of ... More


Explorers and Naturalists

Istvan Hargittai and Magdolna Hargittai

in New York Scientific: A Culture of Inquiry, Knowledge, and Learning

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198769873
eISBN:
9780191822681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769873.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Christopher Columbus has ample memorials in New York City. Giovanni da Verrazano, Henry Hudson, and other explorers also have their memorials. Explorers and naturalists have busts and statues in the ... More


The Arts Chairs

Roger L. Emerson

in Academic Patronage in the Scottish Enlightenment: Glasgow, Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748625963
eISBN:
9780748653652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748625963.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter discusses the Arts chairs in mathematics, astronomy, Greek, the regencies, and the professorships of philosophy. It considers the later appointments to chairs from which were taught the ... More


Care of the Species: Races of Corn and the Science of Plant Biodiversity

John Hartigan Jr.

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780816685301
eISBN:
9781452958750
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816685301.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Care of the Species contributes to debates about the concept of species through vivid ethnography, examining infrastructures of care—labs and gardens in Spain and Mexico—where plant scientists ... More


Transition to tea

Angela McCarthy and T.M. Devine

in Tea and Empire: James Taylor in Victorian Ceylon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526119056
eISBN:
9781526128201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526119056.003.0004
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

Ceylon was a latecomer to the global trade in tea. When James Taylor began his experimental attempts at planting in the later 1860s, the two dominant suppliers to the international market were China ... More


Race, Character, and Masculinity before and after Hitler

H. Glenn Penny

in Kindred by Choice: Germans and American Indians since 1800

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469607641
eISBN:
9781469612645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469607641.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on how the Suddeutsche Zeitung gleefully reported the burning of three thousand books in a public square in Munich. The bonfire took place toward the conclusion of a successful ... More


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