Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 89 items

  • Keywords: bosons x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Identity

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Quantum mechanics, like relativity, is a pillar of contemporary physics, with remarkable, puzzling consequences. In these chapters some very simple ‘games’ – distributing prizes of different kinds – ... More


Quarticles

Nick Huggett

in Everywhere and Everywhen: Adventures in Physics and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195379518
eISBN:
9780199776559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379518.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Quantum mechanics, like relativity, is a pillar of contemporary physics, with remarkable, puzzling consequences. In these chapters some very simple ‘games’ – distributing prizes of different kinds – ... More


Statistics and Collective Properties of Frenkel Excitons

Vladimir M. Agranovich

in Excitations in Organic Solids

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199234417
eISBN:
9780191715426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234417.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the approximate second quantization and approximate transition to boson picture. Using exact transformation from paulions to bosons, the collective properties of an ideal ... More


The Second-Quantized Theory of Frenkel Excitons

Vladimir M. Agranovich

in Excitations in Organic Solids

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199234417
eISBN:
9780191715426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234417.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents a second quantized theory of Frenkel excitons. An energy operator for a molecular crystal in the second quantization is introduced, and excitonic states for crystals with one ... More


What are things made of?

A. J. Leggett

in The Problems of Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211241
eISBN:
9780191706837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211241.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the questions why one learns more about the structure of matter at the subatomic level by accelerating particles to high energies, and what it means to say that a new particle ... More


Symmetry Perforce

Michael Munowitz

in Knowing: The Nature of Physical Law

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167375
eISBN:
9780199787104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167375.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In symmetry there is force. First, the indistinguishability of quantum mechanical particles divides the world into bosons and fermions, force and matter. Interchange symmetry imposes an exclusionary ... More


Quantum liquids

A.J. Leggett

in Quantum Liquids: Bose condensation and Cooper pairing in condensed-matter systems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198526438
eISBN:
9780191711954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526438.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter starts with a discussion of the symmetry conditions which have to be imposed on the wave function of a many-particle system, and the distinction between bosons and fermions. It then ... More


Concepts of Elementary Particle Physics

Michael E. Peskin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198812180
eISBN:
9780191850301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812180.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This is a textbook of elementary particle physics whose goal is to explain the Standard Model of particle interactions. Part I introduces the basic concepts governing high-energy particle physics: ... More


BOSONIZATION

Thierry Giamarchi

in Quantum Physics in One Dimension

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525004
eISBN:
9780191711909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525004.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter explains bosonization, a useful technique for describing the low-energy properties of one-dimensional systems. Bosonization is introduced by presenting a model on which this method is ... More


FLUCTUATIONS NEAR SUPERCONDUCTOR-INSULATOR TRANSITION

Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov

in Theory of Fluctuations in Superconductors

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528159
eISBN:
9780191713521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528159.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the quantum phase transition using the example of superconductor-insulator transition. For the 3D case, a version of the Ginzburg-Landau formalism is formulated from both ... More


SIGNIFICANT OTHERS

Thierry Giamarchi

in Quantum Physics in One Dimension

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525004
eISBN:
9780191711909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525004.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter looks at less usual realizations of Luttinger liquids than the ones coming from fermionic systems. The first realization is provided by interacting bosons. Indeed, in one dimension it is ... More


The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics: A Primer for the LHC Era

John Campbell, Joey Huston, and Frank Krauss

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199652747
eISBN:
9780191749148
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652747.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The LHC (Large Hadron Collider) will serve as the energy frontier for high-energy physics for the next 20 years. The highlight of the LHC running so far has been the discovery of the Higgs boson, but ... More


A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Gian Francesco Giudice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

It is at this very moment that the most ambitious scientific experiment of all time is about to begin, and yet its precise aims are rather poorly understood by the general public. This book provides ... More


Bose–Einstein and Fermi–Dirac distributions

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0029
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the effect that exchange symmetry has on the quantum wave functions of collections of identical particles. This allows the introduction of bosons and fermions, which can be used ... More


Quantum gases and condensates

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0030
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Exchange symmetry affects the occupation of allowed states in quantum gases. If the density of the gas is very low, we can ignore this and forget about exchange symmetry; this is what we do for gases ... More


The Problem of Identical Particles

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Do the properties of a compound or aggregate supervene on the properties of its parts? Theories that imply a negative answer (or the states they attribute) are called ’holistic’. Besides the EPR ... More


Breaking Symmetries

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Symmetries play a fundamental role in modern physics. This chapter introduces this concept by discussing the meaning of symmetries in mathematics and in physics, explaining the significance of Lie ... More


COLLECTIVE EXCITATIONS IN EVEN–EVEN NUCLEI: VIBRATIONAL AND ROTATIONAL MOTION

R. F. Casten

in Nuclear Structure from a Simple Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507246
eISBN:
9780191709333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507246.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The shell model is generally considered the fundamental nuclear model and works best for light nuclei. More fundamental to the shell model's central position in nuclear physics is that it provides a ... More


Quantum Field Theory: Functional Methods and Perturbation Theory

JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509233
eISBN:
9780191708732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter proceeds with the study of local, relativistic quantum field theory. It first discusses the neutral self-coupled scalar field φ(x) introduced in Section 6.6.1. An important example is ... More


Relativistic Fermions

JEAN ZINN-JUSTIN

in Quantum Field Theory and Critical Phenomena

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509233
eISBN:
9780191708732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509233.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses boson field theories, occasionally considering theories with fermions, in particular, when the fermion nature of fields plays an essential role. It analyzes the free action for ... More


View: