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How to Respond to Borderline Cases

Dan López De Sa

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Some philosophers seem to think that borderline cases provide further cases of apparent faultless disagreement. This chapter argues against such a suggestion. It contends that with respect to ... More


Introduction

Richard Dietz and Sebastiano Moruzzi

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief exposition of two types of puzzling issues that the philosophical discussion centres on and that also play a pivotal role in this collection: (i) the ... More


Vagueness as Indeterminacy

Brian Weatherson

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that a term is vague if it is indeterminate. As a special case of this, it argues that a predicate is vague if it has borderline cases. This was until recently the standard ... More


The In’s and Out’s of Borderline Cases

Diana Raffman

in Unruly Words: A Study of Vague Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199915101
eISBN:
9780199392650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915101.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Chapter 2 develops a non-epistemic analysis of borderline cases that preserves bivalence. (Such an analysis is widely supposed to be impossible.) According to the standard view, borderline cases ... More


The Sharpness of Vague Terms

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

According to the ancient sorites paradox, zero grains of sand is not enough to make a heap, and adding one single grain can never transform a non-heap into a heap, so there can be no heaps of sand! ... More


Sources of Indeterminacy

TIMOTHY A. O. ENDICOTT

in Vagueness in Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198268406
eISBN:
9780191714795
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268406.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Philosophy of Law

This chapter introduces the notions of borderline cases and tolerance, and tries to clarify the relation between them. Links are drawn between tolerance and various forms of doubt and disagreement ... More


What Vagueness and Inconsistency Tell Us About Interpretation

Scott Soames

in Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199572380
eISBN:
9780191728914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572380.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter identifies three categories of cases in which applying the content of existing law to the facts of a case doesn't determine a unique, acceptable legal outcome: firstly, those involving ... More


On the Characterization of Borderline Cases

Crispin Wright

in Meanings and Other Things

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199684939
eISBN:
9780191765230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684939.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The chapter takes Schiffer’s central contribution to the study of vagueness to be his treatment of the characterization problem: saying what being a borderline case of a concept expressed by a vague ... More


Vagueness in Law: Placing the Blame Where It’s Due

Diana Raffman

in Vagueness and Law: Philosophical and Legal Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198782889
eISBN:
9780191826108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198782889.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Vagueness of language is commonly supposed to pose problems for the law insofar as it is a source of indeterminacy, and indeterminacy results in borderline or ‘hard’ cases. This chapter argues that ... More


Unruly Words: A Study of Vague Language

Diana Raffman

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199915101
eISBN:
9780199392650
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915101.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Because they lack sharp boundaries of application, vague words like ‘tall’ and ‘adult’ cause logical and semantic problems in philosophy, decision theory, and the law, among other disciplines. ... More


Varieties of Vagueness in the Law

Andrei Marmor

in The Language of Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198714538
eISBN:
9780191782831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714538.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The main purpose of this chapter is to articulate the different types of vagueness, and related linguistic indeterminacies, that we find in statutory language and to explain their different ... More


Philosophical and Jurisprudential Issues of Vagueness

Stephen Schiffer

in Vagueness and Law: Philosophical and Legal Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198782889
eISBN:
9780191826108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198782889.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Philosophical and jurisprudential issues of vagueness are different, so why expect philosophical theories of vagueness to be relevant to issues of vagueness in law? In many respects, philosophical ... More


The Epistemic Conception of Vagueness

Crispin Wright

in The Riddle of Vagueness: Selected Essays 1975-2020

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780199277339
eISBN:
9780191915710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199277339.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter challenges Epistemicism. It rebuts Williamson’s arguments for unrestricted Bivalence, based on the Disquotational Scheme for the truth predicate, and Sorensen’s arguments that the idea ... More


Introduction and Fundamentals

Diana Raffman

in Unruly Words: A Study of Vague Language

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199915101
eISBN:
9780199392650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915101.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Chapter 1 introduces the phenomenon of vagueness, characterized as the possession, by certain words, of unclear boundaries of application. The related phenomena of borderline cases, tolerance, and ... More


The Non-Conservativeness of Legal Definitions

Marc Andree Weber

in Vagueness and Law: Philosophical and Legal Perspectives

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198782889
eISBN:
9780191826108
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198782889.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

What philosophers have in mind when they think about vagueness are sorites cases. Unlike vague scientific or artificial expressions, however, vague natural language expressions do not display the ... More


A Paradox of Consciousness

Michael Tye

in Vagueness and the Evolution of Consciousness: Through the Looking Glass

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198867234
eISBN:
9780191904035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198867234.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

There are strong reasons to hold that phenomenal consciousness (experience) cannot be sharp (on/off) and equally strong reasons to hold that phenomenal consciousness cannot be vague (admitting ... More


Vagueness, Partial Belief, and Logic

Hartry Field

in Meanings and Other Things

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199684939
eISBN:
9780191765230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199684939.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A standard sorites argument holds that, since someone with $50,000,000 is rich and someone with 57¢ isn’t, the following conclusion obtains: (Cut) for some n, someone with n¢ is rich but a person ... More


Vagueness and Law: Philosophical and Legal Perspectives

Geert Keil and Ralf Poscher (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198782889
eISBN:
9780191826108
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198782889.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Vague expressions are omnipresent in natural language. If a law contains vague terms, the question whether it applies to a particular case often lacks a clear answer. This places the law at odds with ... More


Science

Frederic R. Kellogg

in Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and Legal Logic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226523903
eISBN:
9780226524061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226524061.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Holmes in the 1870s rejected static analytical theories of law for a diachronic and transformative perspective, drawing upon Whewell’s History of the Inductive Sciences. He extended to law a question ... More


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