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Group Action and Group Attitudes

Raimo Tuomela

in The Philosophy of Sociality: The Shared Point of View

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195313390
eISBN:
9780199870929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313390.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter collective acceptance as a group is analyzed. The result is used to give an account of group actions and beliefs as well as of group attitudes more generally. This central ... More


Case Studies

Don Rose and Cam Patterson

in Research To Revenue: A Practical Guide to University Start-Ups

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625263
eISBN:
9781469625287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625263.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Three case studies are presented to demonstrate the key steps discussed in Chapter 3. The case studies are (fictitious) examples of university startups, covering the range of startups typically found ... More


Methodologies for root selection

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter studies the specific problem of selecting a root of an estimating equation with more than one root, for instance, using methods by removing the irregularity of the estimating function or ... More


Survey Inference via Sub-Sampling

Raymond L. Chambers and Robert G. Clark

in An Introduction to Model-Based Survey Sampling with Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780198566625
eISBN:
9780191738449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566625.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Survey inference via sub-sampling describes the different resampling approaches that can be used in finite population inference. It starts with a discussion of the interpenetrated sampling idea that ... More


The Origin of Concepts

Susan Carey

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Only human beings have a rich conceptual repertoire with concepts like tort, entropy, Abelian group, mannerism, icon, and deconstruction. How have humans constructed these concepts? And once they ... More


The making of an abstract concept: Natural number

Susan Carey

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues for three points: First, it denies that nonhuman animals or human infants lack the capacity to represent abstract concepts. In particular, it argues that the initial state ... More


Connectionist Explorations of Multiple-Cue Integration in Syntax Acquisition

Morten H. Christiansen, Rick Dale, and Florencia Reali

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter hypothesizes that integrating multiple probabilistic cues (phonological, prosodic, and distributional) by perceptually attuned general-purpose learning mechanisms, may hold promise for ... More


A Field Test of StorableVotes in Large Elections: Student Elections on the Columbia Campus

Alessandra Casella

in Storable Votes: Protecting the Minority Voice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195309096
eISBN:
9780199918171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309096.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Testing Storable Votes in large elections is difficult to do in an experimental laboratory. This chapter reports the results of a field test, where we combine answers to a survey and ... More


The Process of Conceptual Change

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter argues that Quinian bootstrapping underlies conceptual change, illustrating with examples drawn from conceptual change in the history of science as well as from conceptual change in ... More


Conclusion I: The Origins of Concepts

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the main points from the preceding chapters. It provides an overview of the argument and a road map through it. It argues that distinguishing theory changes that involve ... More


Some Preliminaries

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the book's three main theses: (i) that there are two types of conceptual representations: those embedded in systems of core cognition and those ... More


Beyond Core Cognition: Natural Number

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter turns to cases of discontinuities in conceptual development arguing that evolution did not give humans the positive integers. Rather, the capacity to represent the positive integers is a ... More


Beyond the Numeral List Representation of Integers

Susan Carey

in The Origin of Concepts

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195367638
eISBN:
9780199867349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367638.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter begins by considering how the child who uses counting to represent number (i.e., is a cardinal-principle-knower) integrates the count list with analog magnitude representations, and what ... More


Introduction

Peter Forrest

in Developmental Theism: From Pure Will to Unbounded Love

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199214587
eISBN:
9780191706523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214587.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter explains why speculation about God is important even if does not provide probable conclusions. Firstly, speculation provides a sample out of all the possible hypotheses, and ... More


Cost-effectiveness studies

Judith Bosmans, Martijn Heymans, Maarten Hupperets, and Maurits van Tulder

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Next to preventing injuries, it is of increasing interest to have some idea on the cost aspects of injuries and the prevention thereof. What does an injury cost in terms of direct medical costs and ... More


Inferential Knowledge

José L. Zalabardo

in Scepticism and Reliable Belief

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656073
eISBN:
9780191742132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656073.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the following question: assuming that E provides adequate support for H, as explicated in Chapter 4, how would a subject have to be related to E and to the relationship between ... More


Introduction to Part III

Russell Davidson

in Economics Beyond the Millennium

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292111
eISBN:
9780191596537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292112.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Microeconomics

Russell Davidson explains how much has changed over the previous decade and how he sees things evolving with perhaps fewer fundamental changes than have occurred before these chapters were written. ... More


When is a Time‐Series I(0)? *

James Davidson

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter surveys the extensive recent literature on the problems of deciding what is meant by an I(0) process, and then deciding how to test for the property. A formidable difficulty exists in ... More


Epistemic Circularity

Ernest Sosa

in Knowing Full Well

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143972
eISBN:
9781400836918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143972.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter defends the epistemic circularity involved in meta-aptness and thereby in the full aptness of knowing full well. It begins by explaining two forms of bootstrapping: the inference from ... More


Evidence for Molecules: Jean Perrin and Molecular Reality

Peter Achinstein

in The Book of Evidence

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143898
eISBN:
9780199833023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143892.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Jean Perrin's argument for the existence of molecules on the basis of his 1908 experiments with Brownian motion is examined. Various interpretations of that argument, including hypothetico‐deductive, ... More


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