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Stereotype Boost: Positive Outcomes from the Activation of Positive Stereotypes

Margaret J. Shih, Todd L. Pittinsky, and Geoffrey C. Ho

in Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732449
eISBN:
9780199918508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732449.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Stereotype boost theory (SBT) runs in parallel to stereotype threat theory (STT). Although the primary concern of STT is the pernicious effects of negative stereotypes on performance, SBT examines ... More


Consultants: Enabling Teams to Improve

Scott Tannenbaum and Eduardo Salas

in Teams That Work: The Seven Drivers of Team Effectiveness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056964
eISBN:
9780190056995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056964.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Consultants are often asked to help boost teamwork and collaboration. This chapter is written for internal consultants, for example, people in a human resource business partner, organization ... More


The attentional boost and the attentional blink

Christian N. L. Olivers

in Attention and Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199563456
eISBN:
9780191701863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563456.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the relation between attentional blink and the so-called attentional boost. It discusses the results from research about attention and explains that attentional boost can be ... More


The Lorentz group

Adam M. Bincer

in Lie Groups and Lie Algebras: A Physicist's Perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662920
eISBN:
9780191745492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662920.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The Lorentz group is defined. Special relativity is viewed as the statement that the laws of Physics are invariant under rotations in a four-dimensional space-time. These generalized rotations leave ... More


Function Approximation

Masashi Sugiyama and Motoaki Kawanabe

in Machine Learning in Non-Stationary Environments: Introduction to Covariate Shift Adaptation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262017091
eISBN:
9780262301220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017091.003.0002
Subject:
Computer Science, Machine Learning

This chapter discusses function learning methods under covariate shift. Ordinary empirical risk minimization learning is not consistent under covariate shift for misspecified models, and this ... More


Reasoning Strategies

Stephen K. Reed

in Cognitive Skills You Need for the 21st Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780197529003
eISBN:
9780197529034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197529003.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A dichotomy that has influenced much theoretical and applied research on reasoning is the distinction between System I and System II reasoning. System I is intuitive, fast, based on associations, and ... More


Peripheral Coding in the Nervous System

W. A. H. Rushton

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter discusses the nature of the nerve message and compares it to a telephone message that is transmitted by telegraphing it in Morse code—or through a series of clicks. As with nerve ... More


“Responsible” Arms Transfer Policy and the Politics of Social Reputation

Jennifer L. Erickson

in Dangerous Trade: Arms Exports, Human Rights, and International Reputation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170963
eISBN:
9780231539036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170963.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter outlines a theoretical argument of social reputation in explaining the states' commitment and compliance with “responsible” arms export controls. Generally, the argument holds that ... More


Higher dimensional black holes

in Advanced General Relativity: Gravity Waves, Spinning Particles, and Black Holes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680696
eISBN:
9780191760662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680696.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The study of higher dimensional black holes is motivated and the higher dimensional black hole solutions of Einstein’s vacuum field equations are described. The generalization to space–times with ... More


Evolution: The Model of the Loaded Dice

Zoltan Torey and Daniel C. Dennett

in The Crucible of Consciousness: An Integrated Theory of Mind and Brain

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262512848
eISBN:
9780262255189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262512848.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the evolution of the mind-boosted brain and the implication of its achievement of reflective consciousness. The growth of knowledge and the marginalization of myths encourage ... More


One Way to Feel Better

C. Daniel Batson

in A Scientific Search for Altruism: Do We Only Care About Ourselves?

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190651374
eISBN:
9780190651404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190651374.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Bob Cialdini and several colleagues claimed that heightened empathy brings with it increased sadness, and that it is the egoistic desire to relieve this sadness by getting a mood boost that motivates ... More


Making Ballet Central to British Wartime Experience

Karen Eliot

in Albion's Dance: British Ballet during the Second World War

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199347629
eISBN:
9780199347643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347629.003.0003
Subject:
Music, Dance

After closing all theaters when war began, government authorities recognized the public’s need for morale-boosting entertainment and re-opened them. Ballet could raise public morale as audiences ... More


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