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The Gene's‐Eye View and its Discontents

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the ‘genic’ view of evolution associated with Williams, Dawkins, Maynard Smith, and others. A distinction is drawn between the process of genic selection and a gene's eye ... More


Crossing Borders

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the role played by local magistrates in the governance of cross-border trade in Bruges, Antwerp, and Amsterdam. To organize cross-border transactions, international traders ... More


Evaluation of ⋀Γ‎ and ⋀Δ‎, and Statement G

Ben Brubaker, Daniel Bump, and Solomon Friedberg

in Weyl Group Multiple Dirichlet Series: Type A Combinatorial Theory (AM-175)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150659
eISBN:
9781400838998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150659.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter deals with Λ‎subscript Greek capital letter gamma and Λ‎subscript Greek capital letter delta, and Statement G. It begins by introducing a nodal signature, denoted by η‎, and a ... More


The Merchant Family as a Business Enterprise

C. A. Bayly

in Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion 1770-1870

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077466
eISBN:
9780199081110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077466.003.0026
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter considers the merchant family in north India during pre-colonial and early periods as a business enterprise. It suggests that many of the patterns of behaviour which seem to characterise ... More


Roots of the Profession

DEREK MATTHEWS, MALCOLM ANDERSON, and JOHN RICHARD EDWARDS

in The Priesthood of Industry: The Rise of the Professional Accountant in British Management

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289609
eISBN:
9780191684753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289609.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Business History

The chapter focuses on the important developments of the accounting profession in England. It started with the origin of accounting, which can be seen in the works of the Greeks and Romans, and the ... More


Bookkeeping as a Window into Efficiencies of Early Modern Trade: Europeans, Americans and Others in China Compared, 1700–1842

Paul A. Van Dyke

in Narratives of Free Trade: The Commercial Cultures of Early US-China Relations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9789888083534
eISBN:
9789882209275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083534.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the forms of bookkeeping by merchants of different nationalities in the China trade. Whereas the British East India Company was a monopoly operation that established a vast ... More


Dumtaxat de peculio: What’s in a Peculium, or Establishing the Extent of the Principal’s Liability

Jean-Jacques Aubert

in New Frontiers: Law and Society in the Roman World

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748668175
eISBN:
9780748684328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748668175.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Roman Law accepted the fact that dependants endowed with a peculium could engage their principal’s liability up to the extent of the peculium. This statement implies that third contracting parties, ... More


Nerve Ending

Alan K. Rode

in Michael Curtiz: A Life in Film

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813173917
eISBN:
9780813174808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813173917.003.0030
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Curtiz directedI’ll See You in My Dreams (1951), starring Doris Day and the newcomer Danny Thomas. The picture was his last box-office hit at Warner Bros.His long-cherished project,The Will Rogers ... More


From Industrial Money to Generalized Capitalization

Simone Polillo

in Money Talks: Explaining How Money Really Works

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691168685
eISBN:
9781400885268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691168685.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter analyzes three historically constructed categories of money: industrial money, business money, and generalized capitalization. It does so in three steps. First, it argues that there is a ... More


Managing Money Well

Kim Bobo and Marién Casillas Pabellón

in The Worker Center Handbook: A Practical Guide for Starting and Building the New Labor Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501704475
eISBN:
9781501705892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501704475.003.0020
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter offers guidance for worker center volunteers and staff who have little experience in handling organizational funds and want to make sure they have adequate systems in place to protect ... More


Khipu

Gary Urton

Bill Maurer and Lana Swartz (eds)

in Paid: Tales of Dongles, Checks, and Other Money Stuff

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035750
eISBN:
9780262338332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035750.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Khipu are sets of knotted strings used by the pre-Colombian Inkan Empire for record keeping. The chapter situates khipu in the history of accounting systems globally, and makes a case that some khipu ... More


Thought Insertion Clarified

Matthew Ratcliffe

in Real Hallucinations: Psychiatric Illness, Intentionality, and the Interpersonal World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036719
eISBN:
9780262342155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036719.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter begins by considering the possibility that a number of factors contribute to the sense of being in an intentional state, and that these can come into conflict. The remainder of the ... More


The Trading Environment

Paul A. Van Dyke

in Merchants of Canton and Macao: Politics and Strategies in Eighteenth-Century Chinese Trade

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9789888028917
eISBN:
9789882208650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028917.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter provides a summary of the environment in which the merchants of Canton and Macao operated. I summarizes the following: the day-to-day management of trade by four top Chinese officials; ... More


Rationalizing the Economic Infrastructure

Martha Lampland

in The Value of Labor: The Science of Commodification in Hungary, 1920-1956

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226314600
eISBN:
9780226314747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314747.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The chapter begins by sketching the kinds of practices and entities (infrastructure) that are required to assess the value of labor, activities that precede the growth of a labor market or are ... More


Fighting over Numbers

Martha Lampland

in The Value of Labor: The Science of Commodification in Hungary, 1920-1956

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226314600
eISBN:
9780226314747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226314747.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

The chapter examines the changes that follow Stalin’s death in 1953 and the reshuffling of the party elite. Nagy introduced a number of measures to reduce the use of force to collectivize, preferring ... More


Debts and Dodges: The Moral and the Hazard in Repayment

Parker Shipton

in Credit Between Cultures: Farmers, Financiers, and Misunderstanding in Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300116038
eISBN:
9780300162929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300116038.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on loan repayment under the IADP–SPSCP, suggesting how Luo farmers felt about it. It discusses that IADP–SPSCP loans went mostly unrepaid. Scarcely over twenty percent was ... More


From Bullshit to Butter: Accounting and Production Decisions

Markus Lampe and Paul Sharp

in A Land of Milk and Butter: How Elites Created the Modern Danish Dairy Industry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226549507
eISBN:
9780226549644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226549644.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

We explain how part of the basis for the establishment of modern dairying lay in the understanding of the importance of the systematic recording of information on production, input, and output ... More


Paperwork

Michael Zakim

in Accounting for Capitalism: The World the Clerk Made

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226977973
eISBN:
9780226545899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226545899.003.0002
Subject:
History, Environmental History

An American “knowledge economy” was not put in place, operating through an extensive network of information industries that specialized in credit, insurance, communications, and transportation, as ... More


Born into Salem

Tamara Plakins Thornton

in Nathaniel Bowditch and the Power of Numbers: "How a Nineteenth-Century Man of Business, Science, and the Sea Changed American Life"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469626932
eISBN:
9781469628110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626932.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter presents Nathaniel Bowditch’s childhood and youth in Salem, Massachusetts, as they were shaped by the town’s maritime orientation, Revolutionary-era events, and the network of family and ... More


Keeping Account of Atlantic Commerce

David Lambert

in Mastering the Niger: James MacQueen's African Geography and the Struggle over Atlantic Slavery

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226078069
eISBN:
9780226078236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226078236.003.0003
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter links James MacQueen’s speculative geographical claims and proposals to a broader commercial culture of speculation in the Atlantic world. His 1820 proposals were backed by merchants in ... More


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