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Body Weight and Self-Control

Avner Offer

in The Challenge of Affluence

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199216628
eISBN:
9780191696015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216628.003.0007
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter discusses eating, and presents a straightforward conflict between the satisfaction of appetites and the consequences for physical appearance and health. Food abundance has made a mockery ... More


Behavior, diet and obesity in developed countries

Alok Bhargava

in Food, Economics, and Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is concerned with issues of individual behaviour, diet, and obesity, especially in developed countries such as the US. Section 7.1 begins with nutritional issues and discusses the ... More


Diet, Nutrition, and Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter briefly reviews evidence from epidemiologic studies and clinical trials regarding the effects of macronutrients on body weight. It then describes epidemiologic studies with respect to ... More


Evolving environmental factors in the obesity epidemic

Jennifer A. Linde and Robert W. Jeffery

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a systematic review of available data on environmental factors that may have contributed to recent trends in population body weight. It focuses especially on the US population, ... More


Minimum Calorie‐Expenditure Requirements for Individuals

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The calorie norm set up by the FAO to delineate the undernourished in a population has, as its foundation, estimates of the minimum calorie‐expenditure requirements of individuals of different ages ... More


A Model of Nutrition and Economic Productivity

Peter Svedberg

in Poverty and Undernutrition: Theory, Measurement, and Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292685
eISBN:
9780191596957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292686.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Within the nutritionist profession, the focus is on the inter‐linkages between body weight, basal metabolism, physical activity and nutrition (calorie) requirement. Economists are primarily ... More


The role of socio-cultural factors in the obesity epidemic

Kylie Ball and David Crawford

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Obesity is socio-culturally distributed, i.e., the prevalence of obesity is known to vary according to socio-cultural factors, including socio-economic position (SEP), social roles and circumstance, ... More


The last taboo: women, body hair and feminism

Karín Lesnik-Oberstein

in The Last Taboo: Women and Body Hair

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719075001
eISBN:
9781781702567
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075001.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

The vast majority of women in Western culture, as well as in many other cultures, remove the hair on their bodies. Women's body hair is apparently seen as either too ridiculous and trivial – or too ... More


Food Prices and the Dynamics of Body Weight

Dana Goldman, Darius Lakdawalla, and Yuhui Zheng (eds)

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310091
eISBN:
9780226310107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter explores the body weight consequences of changing food prices by using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a panel of U.S. adults aged fifty and over. It examines the short-term and ... More


Food reward value, pleasure, hunger, and appetite

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The taste, olfactory, flavour, and food texture processing in the brain that produces food reward and appetite, and the ways in which this processing is involved in hunger, body weight regulation, ... More


Outcomes in a Program that Offers Financial Rewards for Weight Loss

John Cawley and Joshua A. Price (eds)

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310091
eISBN:
9780226310107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter focuses on a program that offers financial incentives for weight loss in various work sites in the United States. It examines two outcomes for evaluating weight loss interventions: ... More


Form, Weight, and Special Adaptations

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the beaver's form, weight, and special adaptations. An adult North American beaver has an average body weight of 40–50 pounds (about 18–23 kilograms). The body ... More


Effects of Weight on Adolescent Educational Attainment

Robert Kaestner, Michael Grossman, and Benjamin Yarnoff (eds)

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310091
eISBN:
9780226310107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter investigates the effect of obesity on the educational attainment of adolescents. It studied nationally representative sample of children aged fourteen to eighteen, drawn from a 1997 ... More


Where Does the Wage Penalty Bite?

Christian A. Gregory and Christopher J. Ruhm (eds)

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310091
eISBN:
9780226310107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter discusses the effect of body mass index (BMI) on wages. It examines the shape of the conditional wage function as well as addressing potential biases resulting from endogeneity of BMI ... More


Economie Contextual Factors and Child Body Mass Index

Lisa M. Powell and Frank J. Chaloupka (eds)

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310091
eISBN:
9780226310107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter discusses various economic factors such as food prices and food-related outlet availability and their relation to child body weight outcomes. It provides empirical evidence on the extent ... More


Obesity, Self-Eesteem, and Wages

Naci Mocan and Erdal Tekin (eds)

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310091
eISBN:
9780226310107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter investigates whether obesity/overweight is associated with self-esteem in young American adults as well as the extent to which self-esteem and obesity influence wages. The results ... More


Mammal Species Richness in Africa

Peter Andrews and Eileen M. O’Brien

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0047
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The distribution and diversity of mammals across Africa have long been attributed to differences in vegetation or climate. In southern Africa, variability in woody plant species richness alone ... More


Nutrition Monitoring and Surveillance

Tim Byers and Rebecca L. Sedjo

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Nutrition monitoring and surveillance are efforts intended to discern trends in a population over time, in diet or nutritional status, by making systematic measures that can be repeated and/or by ... More


The Impact of Minimum Wage Rates on Body Weight in the United States

David O. Meltzer and Zhuo Chen (eds)

in Economic Aspects of Obesity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226310091
eISBN:
9780226310107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226310107.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter discusses the association of minimum wages and body weight in the United States and the effect of this on income. Because minimum wage labor makes up about one third of the cost of ... More


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