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Thermoregulation

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Many organisms use behaviour, physiology, and morphology to keep their body temperatures within narrow limits. This thermoregulation enhances performance, but potentially imposes costs such as energy ... More


Thermo-insulation: a limiting factor

Hans Kruuk

in Otters: Ecology, behaviour and conservation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198565871
eISBN:
9780191728228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565871.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Thermo-insulation of otters' bodies depends almost entirely on fur. Hair density is relatively high. Body temperature is maintained partly through behaviour, including increased activity before ... More


Getting around in a Complex World

Eric R. Pianka and Laurie J. Vitt

in Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234017
eISBN:
9780520939912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234017.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

From a lizard's perspective, the world is a complex set of landscapes. Physical landscapes change relatively slowly, but changes can be great given enough time. Because lizards cannot regulate their ... More


Temperature

Jon F. Harrison, H. Arthur Woods, and Stephen P. Roberts

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199225941
eISBN:
9780191774607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225941.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses four particular questions that pertain to insect body temperatures. This is crucial due to the fact that thermal biology reveals some of the best illustrations of the ... More


Morphological, Physiological, and Behavioural Adaptations of Desert Animals to the Abiotic Environment

David Ward

in The Biology of Deserts

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198732754
eISBN:
9780191796982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732754.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Animals can be considered as drought evaders, drought evaporators, or drought endurers. Evaders are small desert animals that avoid overheating of the body on hot sunny days and minimize the need for ... More


Warming of the Body

A. Peter Klimley

in The Biology of Sharks and Rays

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226442495
eISBN:
9780226923086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226923086.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the physiological processes and anatomical adaptations that enable some sharks and rays to elevate the temperature of key body parts over the ambient temperature of the ocean. ... More


Keeping Cool

Graham Mitchell

in How Giraffes Work

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780197571194
eISBN:
9780197571224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197571194.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Measurement of giraffe body temperature has shown that it is ~38.5oC but it can vary by ~5oC over the course of a day. Body heat is derived from fermentation of browse, other metabolic processes and ... More


The Hypothalamus and Autonomic Regulation: An Overview

Roger A. L. Dampney

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The hypothalamus plays a key role in regulating autonomic function, usually as part of more generalized, often quite stereotyped, behavioural responses triggered by internal challenges (e.g., a ... More


How thermal ecophysiology assists the conservation of reptiles: case studies from New Zealand’s endemic fauna

Alison Cree, Kelly M. Hare, Nicola J. Nelson, Christian Chukwuka, and Jo Virens

in Conservation Physiology: Applications for Wildlife Conservation and Management

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198843610
eISBN:
9780191879401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843610.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Environmental temperature profoundly influences the body temperatures of reptiles, and hence the rates at which physiological processes occur. We review progress in understanding the thermal ... More


From Racerunners to Night Lizards

Eric R. Pianka and Laurie J. Vitt

in Lizards: Windows to the Evolution of Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520234017
eISBN:
9780520939912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520234017.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter introduces the highly active teiids and lacertids, the diminutive gymnophthalmids, and the secretive, long-lived xantusiids. Teiids, gymnophthalmids, and lacertids (all of which form the ... More


Physiology and energetics

Jutta Schmid

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Primates and many other mammalian species exhibit a wide range of physiological and behavioural adaptations that enable them to cope with fluctuations in climate and energy availability. Measures of ... More


The energetic costs of incubation

A. Nord and J.B. Williams

in Nests, Eggs, and Incubation: New ideas about avian reproduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198718666
eISBN:
9780191788086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718666.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter discusses the energy balance and physiological homeostasis of incubating birds, ranging from taxonomic, geographical and life-history related variation in energy costs of incubation, to ... More


Embodied emotions: The Bodily reaction component1

Klaus R. Scherer and Johnny J. R. Fontaine

in Components of Emotional Meaning: A sourcebook

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199592746
eISBN:
9780191762765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The results of the statistical analyses of the bodily reaction features are described. Three cross-culturally stable component factors are identified: DISTRESS SYMPTOMS, AUTONOMIC AROUSAL, and BODY ... More


Incorporating Neuroimaging into Cognitive Assessment

Erin D. Bigler

in The Role of Technology in Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190234737
eISBN:
9780197559543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234737.003.0020
Subject:
Computer Science, Virtual Reality

All traditional neuropsychological assessment techniques emerged in an era prior to modern neuroimaging. In fact, question-answer/paper-and-pencil test origins that gained traction with Alfred ... More


Recognition of Acute Deterioration

Fiona Creed

in Nursing OSCEs: A Complete Guide to Exam Success

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199693580
eISBN:
9780191918414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693580.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Recognition and prompt treatment of the acutely ill patient is a significant issue in clinical practice (NICE 2007). The need for all nurses to be able to recognize, assess and promptly escalate ... More


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