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Understanding Board Structure, Composition, and Vigilance

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter provides an overview of the key driving forces influencing the makeup and behavior of boards of directors. Theories of resource dependence, institutionalization, and agency are all ... More


Japanese Directors—Elders of the Corporate Community

Simon Learmount

in Corporate Governance: What Can Be Learned From Japan?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269082
eISBN:
9780191719257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269082.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter present an analysis of the role of senior management in the governance of the companies studied. The arguments presented support the analysis put forward by mainstream critics of ... More


Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Bert Cannella, Sydney Finkelstein, and Donald C. Hambrick

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This book integrates and assesses the vast and rapidly growing literature on strategic leadership, which is the study of top executives and their effects on organizations. The basic premise is that, ... More


The Strategic Role of the Board

Philip Stiles and Bernard Taylor

in Boards at Work: How Directors View their Roles and Responsibilities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258161
eISBN:
9780191718342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258161.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

The board's involvement in corporate strategy is often taken as the defining characteristic of its role in an organisation. This chapter focuses on the strategic role of the boards of directors and ... More


Investor Management

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Managers seek to manage their relations with investors, as with other stakeholders. This chapter outlines three elements in managerial handling of investors. The first is the role of the board of ... More


The Control Role of the Board

Philip Stiles and Bernard Taylor

in Boards at Work: How Directors View their Roles and Responsibilities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258161
eISBN:
9780191718342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258161.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

Several control mechanisms have been proposed to ensure that managerial discretion is aligned with shareholder interests. The major external mechanism is the market for corporate control, in which ... More


France

Jonathan P. Charkham

in Keeping Better Company: Corporate Governance Ten Years On

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243198
eISBN:
9780191697234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243198.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

The system by which companies are managed and controlled in France is influenced by a number of features that are specific to the country: the role and influence of the government, the limited role ... More


Company Governance and the Financial Crisis

Thomas H. Stanton

in Why Some Firms Thrive While Others Fail: Governance and Management Lessons from the Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199915996
eISBN:
9780199950324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199915996.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Chapter 4 addresses governance and the financial crisis. Successful firms had strong CEOs who invited constructive dialogue, from the board of directors, their management team, and their risk ... More


The Turnaround of 1997: Changes in Japanese Corporate Law and Governance

Zenichi Shishido

in Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the impact on the scope of behaviour of top management of legal reforms in Japan since 1997. Demand-pull measures were promoted by business associations to facilitate the ... More


The Performance Effects and Determinants of Corporate Governance Reform 1

Hideaki Miyajima

in Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter addresses the introduction of the executive officer system as an alternative to the traditional insider board structure. As a result, since 1997 board sizes have decreased and a greater ... More


Insider Management and Board Reform: For Whose Benefit?

Dore Ronald

in Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Given the traditional weakness of external control by outside directors, Japanese firms are well known for strong internal mechanisms of corporate governance. This chapter examines these mechanisms ... More


Introduction: The Diversity and Change of Corporate Governance in Japan 1

Gregory Jackson and Hideaki Miyajima

in Corporate Governance in Japan: Institutional Change and Organizational Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284511
eISBN:
9780191713705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284511.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The introductory chapter gives a comprehensive overview of the crisis and transformation of corporate governance in Japan since the mid-1990s. Drawing on the main empirical findings of the book, ... More


Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Increased engagement by investors with the companies in which they invest has been a major change in Western economies since the 1980s. Shareholder value provides rationale and incentive for investor ... More


Perspectives on the Contribution of Boards of Directors

Philip Stiles and Bernard Taylor

in Boards at Work: How Directors View their Roles and Responsibilities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258161
eISBN:
9780191718342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258161.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

How boards of directors influence organisational performance has been a central topic of corporate governance literature. This chapter outlines the major theoretical issues pertaining to research on ... More


The Institutional Role of the Board

Philip Stiles and Bernard Taylor

in Boards at Work: How Directors View their Roles and Responsibilities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258161
eISBN:
9780191718342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258161.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

There is a strong theoretical tradition concerning the role of the board of directors in helping to acquire critical resources and serving as a legitimating function for organisations. The major ... More


Conclusions

Philip Stiles and Bernard Taylor

in Boards at Work: How Directors View their Roles and Responsibilities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199258161
eISBN:
9780191718342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258161.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

In the United Kingdom, the boards of directors of large public companies inhabit a rarefied world of power, influence, and responsibility. Directors enjoy the privileges of status and reputation and ... More


Director Independence

Stephen M. Bainbridge

in Corporate Governance after the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199772421
eISBN:
9780199932696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772421.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

With few exceptions, all public corporations in the United States are now required to have a majority of independent directors. The logic of this requirement is that independent directors will do a ... More


The Evolution of Bank Boards of Directors in New York, 1840–1950

Howard Bodenhorn and Eugene N. White

in Enterprising America: Businesses, Banks, and Credit Markets in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226261621
eISBN:
9780226261768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261768.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Contemporary bank governance is criticized for manager-dominated (insider) boards of directors; but this was also a characteristic of early nineteenth century banks, where the roles of president and ... More


The Board’s Role

Stephen M. Bainbridge

in Corporate Governance after the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199772421
eISBN:
9780199932696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772421.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter explores the changing role of the board. The literature has traditionally identified three functions performed by boards of public corporations. First, the board monitors and disciplines ... More


Management Innovation at Toshiba: The Introduction of the Company with Committees System

Hisayoshi Fuwa

in Corporate Governance and Managerial Reform in Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563630
eISBN:
9780191721359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563630.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, HRM / IR

In this chapter, Hisayoshi Fuwa shows how corporate governance and management innovation were closely linked in Toshiba Corporation. Drawing on first‐hand experience, he shows that introduction of ... More


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