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The transfusion of blood

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter discusses the transfusion of blood. Beliefs and attitudes concerning blood affect in varying degrees throughout the world the work of transfusion services in appealing for and recruiting ... More


1983–1984: The ‘Gift Relationship’: AIDS and the Blood

Virginia Berridge

in AIDS in the UK: The Making of Policy, 1981-1994

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204725
eISBN:
9780191676376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204725.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter explores how the issue of AIDS and contamination of blood supplies created broader issue for the field of sexual health. Blood was of key importance in defining AIDS as an issue of ... More


The Broken World of Transfusion

Jacob Copeman and Dwaipayan Banerjee

in Hematologies: The Political Life of Blood in India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745096
eISBN:
9781501745102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745096.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter is concerned with perceptions and campaigns concerning how doctors prescribe too much of that which has already been given. The proportions of the transfusion, say clinical activists and ... More


The supply of blood in England and Wales and the United States

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter assesses the supply of blood in England and Wales and the United States. It presents the main national statistics in the increase in blood donation between the introduction of the ... More


Attitudes of Care

Duana Fullwiley

in The Enculturated Gene: Sickle Cell Health Politics and Biological Difference in West Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691123165
eISBN:
9781400840410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691123165.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how Senegalese French-trained research-physicians in Dakar have adopted similar low-tech strategies and health interventions within the biomedical realm. It focuses on how ... More


Is the gift a good one?

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter addresses the quality of the gift of blood. The transfusion and use of whole blood and certain blood products carries with it the risk of transmitting disease, particularly serum ... More


Transfusions: Ideas, People, and Places

in A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226454122
eISBN:
9780226454146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226454146.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter outlines the history of blood transfusions in Russia prior to the establishment of Alexander Bogdanov's institute. It examines the ways information about blood transfusions filtered into ... More


Blood Groups at War

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When the Second World War began, Fisher’s lab was co-opted by the Medical Research Council, renamed the Galton Serum Unit, and tasked with providing practical support for the new Emergency Blood ... More


The gift

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter looks at the nature of the gift of blood. The gift of blood has certain unique attributes which distinguish it from other forms of gift. The gift of blood takes place in impersonal ... More


Postwar Blood Grouping 1: The Blood Group Research Unit

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When the war ended, the Galton Serum Unit was reconstituted at the Lister Institute in London. There, the Medical Research Council's Blood Group Research Unit, directed by serologist and geneticist ... More


Postwar Blood Grouping 2: Arthur Mourant’s National and International Networks

Jenny Bangham

in Blood Relations: Transfusion and the Making of Human Genetics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226739977
eISBN:
9780226740171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226740171.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Lister Institute also housed the Medical Research Council's Blood Group Reference Laboratory, directed by Arthur Mourant. It carried out routine testing of puzzling blood samples, and distributed ... More


The characteristics of blood donors in England and Wales

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter explores the characteristics of blood donors in England and Wales, considering a study made in the summer and autumn of 1967 with the assistance of the Ministry of Health and the ... More


A study of blood donor motivation in South Africa

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter looks at a study of blood donor motivation in South Africa, which was commissioned by the Natal Blood Transfusion Service and carried out in Durban. Much of the fieldwork was done by six ... More


Blood in the Time of the Civic

Jacob Copeman and Dwaipayan Banerjee

in Hematologies: The Political Life of Blood in India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745096
eISBN:
9781501745102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745096.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter focuses on blood in the time of the civic—that is, blood that is donated voluntarily as a dutiful contribution to civic life, that in turn ensures the continued efficacy and productivity ... More


The demand for blood in England and Wales and the United States

Richard M. Titmuss

in The Gift Relationship: From Human Blood to Social Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447349570
eISBN:
9781447349587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447349570.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines the demand for blood in England and Wales and the United States. Between 1948 and 1967, the annual number of donations of blood in England and Wales rose by 269 per cent. Some ... More


A Martian Stranded on Earth: Alexander Bogdanov, Blood Transfusions, and Proletarian Science

Nikolai Krementsov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226454122
eISBN:
9780226454146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226454146.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Much like Vladimir Lenin, his onetime rival for the leadership of the Bolshevik party during its formative years, Alexander Bogdanov (1873–1928) was a visionary. In two science fiction novels set on ... More


The significance and management of anaemia in palliative care patients

Wale Atoyebi, Tim Littlewood, and Robert Twycross

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter reviews the background, investigation, causes, and management of anaemia in palliative care setting. Anaemia is a common complication of cancer and cancer therapies, occuring in 50 per ... More


Cardiovascular system

Michelle Green and Kirsten Huby

in Clinical Skills in Children's Nursing

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199559039
eISBN:
9780191917837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199559039.003.0018
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing Skills

This chapter will outline the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system and the changes that occur during childhood as this body system matures. Signs and symptoms of cardiovascular ... More


Negotiating the boundaries of nursing practice

Jane Brooks

in Negotiating nursing: British Army sisters and soldiers in the Second World War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526119063
eISBN:
9781526138811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526119063.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The chapter examines the changes to the dominion of nursing work on active service overseas. The chapter first explores the extensions to the nursing role, most particularly the care of wounds and ... More


Hepatitis Viruses: Oysters, Blood Transfusions, and Cancer

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter studies the history of hepatitis virus infection. Hepatitis and/or jaundice were recorded in the fourth century BC by Hippocrates and over 1,000 years ago in the ancient Chinese ... More


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