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From Blood Libel to Blood Community: Self-Defense and Self-Assertion in Modern Jewish Culture

David Biale

in Blood and Belief: The Circulation of a Symbol between Jews and Christians

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253049
eISBN:
9780520934238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253049.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter discusses some responses to the blood libel and then turns to the way Jews incorporated the language of blood into what became one of the main responses to modern anti-Semitism, namely, ... More


The Diachronic Libels and Accusations (B): The Seleucid Court Scribe(s) and the Blood Libel

Bezalel Bar-Kochva

in The Image of the Jews in Greek Literature: The Hellenistic Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253360
eISBN:
9780520943636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253360.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter introduces the blood libel, a term that usually means a slander concerning any kind of ritual murder, and is concerned with the Hellenistic blood libel accused by Antiochus Epiphanes ... More


Crisis of Faith in the Wake of Unfulfilled Expectations

Arie Morgenstern

in Hastening Redemption: Messianism and the Resettlement of the Land of Israel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305784
eISBN:
9780199784820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305787.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Beginning in the 1820s, a symbiotic relationship prevailed between the Perushim and the Protestant missionaries active in the Land of Israel such as Joseph Wolf and the London Society for the ... More


Blood Libel: Ritual Misrepresentation

Kathryn T. McClymond

in Ritual Gone Wrong: What We Learn from Ritual Disruption

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199790913
eISBN:
9780199369515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790913.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the false charge leveled against Jews for centuries, the charge that Jews have murdered individuals in order to use human blood in religious ritual. Blood libels were a ... More


Posidonius of Apamea (D): The Anti-Jewish Libels and Accusations in Diodorus and Apion

Bezalel Bar-Kochva

in The Image of the Jews in Greek Literature: The Hellenistic Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520253360
eISBN:
9780520943636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520253360.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies two very anti-Jewish passages which are linked to Posidonius, showing that they severely criticize Moses and the laws which he established for the Jews. These passages also serve ... More


The Afterlife of the Beilis Affair: The Blood Libel in the Soviet Union

Elissa Bemporad

in Legacy of Blood: Jews, Pogroms, and Ritual Murder in the Lands of the Soviets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190466459
eISBN:
9780190466480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190466459.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 2 explores the place that the claim of Jewish ritual murder held in interwar Soviet society. The Bolsheviks dealt a blow to the blood libel tradition by confronting aggressively the legacy of ... More


Broken Bodies

Michael Ostling

in Between the Devil and the Host: Imagining Witchcraft in Early Modern Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199587902
eISBN:
9780191731228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587902.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

The Eucharistic host was believed to be Christ’s body, sacrificed for the sins of humankind. Pious sorrow could transform into rage when Christians believed this sacrifice had been desecrated by Jews ... More


From Cannibalism to Political Murder: Modern Permutations of the Blood Libel

Elissa Bemporad

in Legacy of Blood: Jews, Pogroms, and Ritual Murder in the Lands of the Soviets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190466459
eISBN:
9780190466480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190466459.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 6 reveals the permutations of the blood libel and the emergence of a new notion of Jewish murder. Nazi propaganda exploited the blood libel theme in conjunction with the Judeo-Bolshevik myth. ... More


How the Ritual Murder Accusation Persisted in the Soviet Landscape

Elissa Bemporad

in Legacy of Blood: Jews, Pogroms, and Ritual Murder in the Lands of the Soviets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190466459
eISBN:
9780190466480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190466459.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 4 explains the endurance and permutation of the ritual murder accusation in the Soviet landscape of the interwar years. The occurrence of the blood libel epitomizes some aspects of the nature ... More


Blood Lies: The Truth about Modern Ritual Murder Accusations and Defenses

Scott Spector

in Violent Sensations: Sex, Crime, and Utopia in Vienna and Berlin, 1860-1914

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226196640
eISBN:
9780226196817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196817.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The spate of modern ritual murder accusations against Jews or Jewish communities in Central Europe from 1882 into the early twentieth century is the focus of the final chapter. These sensational ... More


Going to “Alimentary” School: Brotstudium, Ludwig Feuerbach, and the Dietetics of Antisemitism

Jay Geller

in The Other Jewish Question: Identifying the Jew and Making Sense of Modernity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780823233618
eISBN:
9780823241781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233618.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

In her edition of Ludwig Feuerbach's Essence of Christianity, George Eliot mistranslated Feuerbach's reference to “Brotstudium,” by which he characterized theological study undertaken by Jews, as ... More


Introduction: From Blood Legacies to Bloodlands

Elissa Bemporad

in Legacy of Blood: Jews, Pogroms, and Ritual Murder in the Lands of the Soviets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190466459
eISBN:
9780190466480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190466459.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The genocidal impulses that erupted during the pogroms of the Russian Civil War (1917–21), together with the recurring claim of Jewish ritual murder and its multiple permutations, became necessary ... More


Legacy of Blood: Jews, Pogroms, and Ritual Murder in the Lands of the Soviets

Elissa Bemporad

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190466459
eISBN:
9780190466480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190466459.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book traces the legacies of the two classical and most extreme manifestations of tsarist antisemitism—pogroms and blood libels—in the Soviet Union, from 1917 to the early 1960s. Closely ... More


The Accommodated Jew: English Antisemitism from Bede to Milton

Kathy Lavezzo

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781501703157
eISBN:
9781501706158
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703157.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

England during the Middle Ages was at the forefront of European antisemitism. It was in medieval Norwich that the notorious “blood libel” was first introduced when a resident accused the city's ... More


“Justice and Kindness” (1848–1866)

in Between Foreigners and Shiʿis: Nineteenth-Century Iran and its Jewish Minority

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754583
eISBN:
9780804779487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754583.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

In the nineteenth century, the numbers of the “despised” Jews in Iran had declined substantially compared to the increasing population of Muslims. Aside from such factors as insecurity, political ... More


Russia and the Kingdom of Poland, II

David Sorkin

in Jewish Emancipation: A History Across Five Centuries

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691164946
eISBN:
9780691189673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164946.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter explains that as Alexander III and Nicholas II increasingly rejected the “west” and its reforms to search for an indigenous Russian alternative, they began to limit or abolish the ... More


The Papal Promise of Protection

Rebecca Rist

in Popes and Jews, 1095–1291

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198717980
eISBN:
9780191787430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717980.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Religion, European Medieval History

This chapter explores the papal angle—the stance taken by medieval popes towards the Jewish communities of western Europe. This chapter shows how the papacy sought to protect but also control the ... More


Victim Tragedy and Vengeance: Vondel’s Palamedes (1625)

Freya Sierhuis

in The Literature of the Arminian Controversy: Religion, Politics and the Stage in the Dutch Republic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198749738
eISBN:
9780191814037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749738.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature

Chapter 5 examines the use of metaphor and classical example in the most controversial play of the period, Vondel’s Palamedes, a Senecan victim tragedy in which the death of the Greek hero before the ... More


Shylock and Wedlock: Carnal Bonds

John Kerrigan

in Shakespeare’s Binding Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757580
eISBN:
9780191817342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757580.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies, Drama

Central to this chapter is Antonio’s bond with Shylock. There is extensive, innovative discussion of early modern anti-Semitism in relation to what was known about Jewish oaths, from Old Testament ... More


Violent Sensations: Sex, Crime, and Utopia in Vienna and Berlin, 1860-1914

Scott Spector

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226196640
eISBN:
9780226196817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196817.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The year 1900, fin de siècle, in Europe evokes polar thoughts: on the one hand, sensational slashers and femmes fatales, destitute and dangerous new urban districts, criminal violence and sexual ... More


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