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Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Andreas Bolfing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Many online applications, especially in the financial industries, are running on blockchain technologies in a decentralized manner, without the use of an authoritative entity or a trusted third ... More


Digital Farmers

Gordon Conway, Ousmane Badiane, and Katrin Glatzel

in Food for All in Africa: Sustainable Intensification for African Farmers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501743887
eISBN:
9781501744419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501743887.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter deals with digital technologies, both hardware and software, and how they can help increase agricultural production and food security in a sustainable fashion. Africa is going digital, ... More


Introduction

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter gives an outline of Nakamoto’s main idea when introducing Bitcoin as first blockchain system in history of computer sciences. The scope of the book and its outline is described.


Conclusions

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This final chapter gives a short summary of the contents of the book and represents some important lessons about the security considerations of the cryptography used in blockchain systems.


Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Philipp Hacker, Ioannis Lianos, Georgios Dimitropoulos, and Stefan Eich (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

This collection provides an in-depth analysis of the intersection between blockchain technology and the law. Covering EU, US, and Asian jurisdictions, it assesses the necessities of and opportunities ... More


Money Code Space: Hidden Power in Bitcoin, Blockchain, and Decentralisation

Jack Parkin

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197515075
eISBN:
9780197515112
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197515075.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Economy

Newly emerging cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology present a challenging research problem in the field of digital politics and economics. Bitcoin—the first widely implemented cryptocurrency ... More


From Fork to Farm: Honing the Tools of Outbreak Investigation

Timothy D. Lytton

in Outbreak: Foodborne Illness and the Struggle for Food Safety

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226611549
eISBN:
9780226611716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226611716.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter details the investigation of a nationwide outbreak of Salmonella Saintpaul initially attributed to contaminated tomatoes but later traced to tainted hot peppers. The chapter examines the ... More


Counting Bitcoin

Ed Finn

in What Algorithms Want: Imagination in the Age of Computing

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035927
eISBN:
9780262338837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035927.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter uses the growing dominance of algorithmic high frequency trading in finance to frame a reading of Bitcoin and related cryptocurrencies. By defining the unit of exchange through ... More


In Code(rs) We Trust: Software Developers as Fiduciaries in Public Blockchains

Angela Walch

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter addresses the myth of ‘decentralized governance’ of public blockchains, arguing that certain people who create, operate, or reshape them function much like fiduciaries of those who rely ... More


Dogecoin

Sarah Jeong

Bill Maurer and Lana Swartz (eds)

in Paid: Tales of Dongles, Checks, and Other Money Stuff

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262035750
eISBN:
9780262338332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035750.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Dogecoin—a Bitcoin-like cryptocurrency notable for its use of a meme of a bemused shibainu dog—is perhaps one of the most absurd and most adorable money experiments. The community around it was known ... More


Regulating under Uncertainty about Rationality: From Decision Theory to Machine Learning and Complexity Theory

Philipp Hacker

in Theories of Choice: The Social Science and the Law of Decision Making

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198863175
eISBN:
9780191895678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863175.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Theories of choice, and their legal consequences, dramatically differ based on whether they are premised on rational or boundedly rational actors. This chapter describes the interactions between, and ... More


Introduction to Blockchain Technology

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter gives an introduction to blockchain technology which was proposed by the pseudonymous Nakamoto (2008) with his well-known Bitcoin paper to enable online payments in a decentralized ... More


Bitcoin

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Bitcoin was proposed by Nakamoto (2008) as the first electronic payment system, which fully relies on cryptographic primitives in order to work over a purely peer-to-peer system, where everyone can ... More


Post-Quantum Blockchains

Andreas Bolfing

in Cryptographic Primitives in Blockchain Technology: A mathematical introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198862840
eISBN:
9780191895463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862840.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Chapter 10 deals with the fact that quantum computers will break all current practical digital signature schemes once large-scale quantum computers become reality. The chapter starts with an outline ... More


Virtual Currencies as Commodities

Lamia Chourou

in Commodities: Markets, Performance, and Strategies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780190656010
eISBN:
9780190656041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190656010.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The rapid advancement in encryption and network computing gave birth to new tools and products that have influenced the local and global economy alike. One recent and notable example is the emergence ... More


Conclusion

Rowan Wilken

in Cultural Economies of Locative Media

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190234911
eISBN:
9780190234942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190234911.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

The Conclusion revisits the terrain the book has covered, providing recapitulations of the arguments of each of the three parts of the book and the chapters contained within them. The argument of ... More


Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges—An Introduction

Philipp Hacker, Ioannis Lianos, Georgios Dimitropoulos, and Stefan Eich

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the main legal and policy implications of blockchain technology. It proceeds in four steps. First, the chapter traces the technical and legal ... More


The Blockchain Paradox

Paolo Tasca and Riccardo Piselli

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

Abstract This contribution deals with the problem of interoperability of blockchain technologies. Building on the framework offered by Lawrence Lessig, it will be argued that interoperability cannot ... More


Blockchains, Private Ordering, and the Future of Governance

Jonathan Rohr and Aaron Wright

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

Ten years ago Satoshi Nakamoto published the Bitcoin white paper and launched the first Bitcoin protocol. Since then, blockchain’s potential to impact upon a wide variety of relationships and ... More


Corporate Governance for Complex Cryptocurrencies?: A Framework for Stability and Decision Making in Blockchain-Based Organizations

Philipp Hacker

in Regulating Blockchain: Techno-Social and Legal Challenges

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198842187
eISBN:
9780191878206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842187.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law, Company and Commercial Law

Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin or Ethereum are gaining ground not only as alternative modes of payment but also as platforms for financial innovation, particularly through token sales or initial ... More


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