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A Rapid-ACCE review of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 allele testing to inform warfarin dosing in adults at elevated risk for thrombotic events to avoid serious bleeding

Monica R. McClain, Glenn E. Palomaki, Margaret Piper, and James E. Haddow

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0031
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the results from a Rapid-ACCE review (Analytic validity, Clinical validity, Clinical utility, and Ethical, legal, and social implications), designed to facilitate the ... More


Stachybotrys versus Superpower

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter begins with an overview of the treatment of indoor molds by the national media, stories of celebrity victims of mold exposure, and the epidemic of lawsuits related to fungal growth in ... More


Cleveland Revisited

Nicholas P. Money

in Carpet Monsters and Killer Spores: A Natural History of Toxic Mold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172270
eISBN:
9780199790258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172270.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter assesses the outbreak of idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage (IPH) among infants in Cleveland who lived in flooded homes. With no immediate cause for the multiple cases of this rare illness ... More


Ficino and the Theory of Purging Same-Sex Sexuality

Todd W. Reeser

in Setting Plato Straight: Translating Ancient Sexuality in the Renaissance

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226307008
eISBN:
9780226307145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226307145.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Although Ficino becomes the most important reader of Plato in early modern Europe, he never provides any kind of explicit reading strategy or methodology to follow for dealing with sexuality. But at ... More


Thrombosis and bleeding problems in gynaecological malignancy

Dawn L. Alison

in Palliative Care Consultations in Gynaeoncology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528067
eISBN:
9780191730351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528067.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses thrombosis and bleeding problems in gynaecological malignancies. Venous thrombo-embolism (VTE) and bleeding problems are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in ... More


Gastrointestinal symptoms

Justin Amery, Michelle Meiring, and Caroline Rose

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter notes that children with HIV/AIDS or cancer are very prone to mouth problems, particularly those who are malnourished. One of the most common causes of vomiting in children's palliative ... More


Cardiothoracic and Vascular

Richard Lindsay, Scott Gillespie, Rory Kelly, Raghuram Sathyanarayana, and Paul Burns

in SBAs for the Final FRCR 2A

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199607761
eISBN:
9780191918117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199607761.003.0005
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


Venous thromboembolism in non-malignant disease

Anna Spathis and Sara Booth

in Venous Thromboembolism in Advanced Disease: A clinical guide

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199232048
eISBN:
9780191730337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232048.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides an overview of existing evidence in relation to the management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in non-malignant diseases or noncancer diagnoses. Diagnosis of VTE in ... More


Spinal Trauma

Alex Trompeter and David Elliott (eds)

in Trauma for the FRCS (Tr + Orth) Examination

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198749059
eISBN:
9780191916977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198749059.003.0011
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine


The patient presenting with haematuria

Kamal Mattar and Darrel E. Drachenberg

in Supportive Care for the Urology Patient

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198529415
eISBN:
9780191730344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529415.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The patient presenting with haematuria may have no symptoms and their condition may have been discovered on a routine urinalysis or they may have obvious gross bleeding with clots and difficulty ... More


Genetic haematological disorders

Sir David Weatherall and Elizabeth A. Letsky

in Antenatal and Neonatal Screening

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192628268
eISBN:
9780191723605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628268.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This main focus of this chapter is on genetic disorders of the structure or synthesis of haemoglobin — especially sickle cell disease and the thalassaemias, which are common enough in many ... More


“Two dozes of barks and opium”: Lewis & Clark as Physicians

Ronald V. Loge

in Lewis & Clark: Legacies, Memories, and New Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520228399
eISBN:
9780520937147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520228399.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter is focused on the interesting field medicine techniques used during the expedition. It begins with a description of the first medicine school in the colonies, which was established in ... More


Endometrial cancer: fundamentals and advanced disease

John J. Kavanagh

in Palliative Care Consultations in Gynaeoncology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528067
eISBN:
9780191730351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528067.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter focuses on endometrial cancer, the number one common gynaecological cancer in the United States and the second most common in the United Kingdom. Cancer of the uterus is predominantly a ... More


Thrombotic and bleeding complications in haematological malignancies

Beverley Hunt and Simon Noble

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Venous thrombo-embolism and bleeding problems are common complications in advanced malignancies. In general, the pathogenesis of thrombotic problems is simple, but other haemostatic effects such as ... More


Representing the Traumatic

Harriet E. H. Earle

in Comics, Trauma, and the New Art of War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496812469
eISBN:
9781496812506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496812469.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

Chapter one is divided into two parts. The first part puts contemporary and Freudian trauma theory in dialogue, with focus on the works of theorists such as Jacques Lacan, Dominick LaCapra, Kalí Tal, ... More


The Republican Era: 1854–1876

Jonathan Bean

in Race and Liberty in America: The Essential Reader

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125459
eISBN:
9780813135205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125459.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

The electoral success of the newly instituted Republican Party caused many liberals to join the Party because of its opposition to slavery. Republicans, including Abraham Lincoln, declared slavery to ... More


An Overview of Newly Emerging Viral Plagues: The Hemorrhagic Fevers and a Newly Mysterious Suspect of Viral Disease, Acute Flaccid Paralysis

Michael B. A. Oldstone

in Viruses, Plagues, and History: Past, Present, and Future

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190056780
eISBN:
9780197523292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056780.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter highlights three of the recently identified viruses: Lassa fever virus, Ebola virus, and hantavirus. All three are equally lethal infectious agents, but they are members of different ... More


Haemoptysis

Hugo Farne, Edward Norris-Cervetto, and James Warbrick-Smith

in Oxford Cases in Medicine and Surgery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198716228
eISBN:
9780191916809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716228.003.0014
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Surgery

You need to ensure that you are not mistaking haemoptysis with: • Haematemesis: brownish-red blood that is vomited from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. • Epistaxis ... More


Rectal bleeding

Hugo Farne, Edward Norris-Cervetto, and James Warbrick-Smith

in Oxford Cases in Medicine and Surgery

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198716228
eISBN:
9780191916809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198716228.003.0027
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Surgery

As with all acute patients, always start by assessing ABCDE: airways, breathing, circulation, disability, and exposure. In a patient with acute gastrointestinal (GI) ... More


Oral manifestations of systemic disease

Max Robinson, Keith Hunter, Michael Pemberton, and Philip Sloan

in Soames' & Southam's Oral Pathology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697786
eISBN:
9780191918483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697786.003.0015
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

This chapter emphasizes the importance of oral disease in the context of systemic disease. Oral disease may be the first sign of an underlying systemic disorder, ... More


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