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In Praise of Blame

George Sher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Blame is an unpopular and neglected notion: it goes against the grain of a therapeutically oriented culture and has been far less discussed by philosophers than such related notions as responsibility ... More


Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Martha Klein

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book casts new light on the classic dispute between ‘compatibilists’ and ‘incompatibilists’ about determinism and moral responsibility. The book argues that the traditional account of the ... More


In Praise of Blame

George Sher

in In Praise of Blame

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195187427
eISBN:
9780199786596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187423.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This final chapter develops an account of blameworthiness that dovetails with the previous chapter’s account of blame. Because the core constituents of blame consist of a desire and a belief, the ... More


Social Functions of Knowledge Attributions

James R. Beebe

in Knowledge Ascriptions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199693702
eISBN:
9780191741265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693702.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Drawing upon work in experimental philosophy and evolutionary game theory, the chapter argues that one of the roles the concept of knowledge plays in our social cognitive ecology is that of enabling ... More


Moral Responsibility: A Conceptual Map

Michael McKenna

in Conversation and Responsibility

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199740031
eISBN:
9780199918706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740031.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

There are different kinds of responsibility, and even different kinds of moral responsibility. This chapter offers a conceptual map of moral responsibility in the accountability sense. In this sense, ... More


Agency and Luck

Joseph Raz

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An examination of Williams account of agent-regret leads to its supplementation, and to an explanation of why we are attached to, and responsible for, some of our actions even when we do not control ... More


The incompatibilist, the could-have-acted-otherwise condition, and the U-condition

Martha Klein

in Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The arguments in Chapter 2 established that there is not an independent C-condition for blameworthiness (that is a C-condition which must be fulfilled in addition to the M-condition). Where does this ... More


Can the U-condition for blameworthiness be fulfilled?

Martha Klein

in Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the arguments for two claims: (1) that belief in the U-condition for blameworthiness is logically incoherent; and (2) that the U-condition cannot be fulfilled. The success of ... More


What should we do about our commitment to the U-condition?

Martha Klein

in Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It has been established that the U-condition for blameworthiness (probably) cannot be fulfilled. Our commitment to the belief in this condition is a consequence of our commitment to the belief that ... More


A compatibilist principle for just blaming

Martha Klein

in Determinism, Blameworthiness, and Deprivation

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198248347
eISBN:
9780191681134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248347.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Because we are committed to the U-condition for blameworthiness and because the U-condition cannot be fulfilled, we are forced to conclude that blaming is unjust. This makes things uncomfortable for ... More


Responsibility

Robert Kane

in The Significance of Free Will

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126563
eISBN:
9780199868506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126564.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

It is argued on historical grounds that two criteria for free will have led people to suppose it must be incompatible with determinism. The first and most commonly discussed of these criteria is the ... More


Conclusion

William MacAskill, Krister Bykvist, and Toby Ord

in Moral Uncertainty

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198722274
eISBN:
9780191789106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198722274.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

We summarize the argument of the book: the case for taking moral uncertainty seriously, and the case for an information-sensitive account: the correct rule for making decisions under moral ... More


Voluntariness, Praiseworthiness, and Character

Susan Sauvé Meyer

in Aristotle on Moral Responsibility: Character and Cause

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697427
eISBN:
9780191732072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697427.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers Aristotle's own explanation of why he includes a discussion of voluntariness in his discussion of moral character. The connection he sees between voluntariness and the ... More


‘Contextualizing’ Blame

ALAN NORRIE

in Punishment, Responsibility, and Justice: A Relational Critique

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198259565
eISBN:
9780191710636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259565.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter examines an alternative revisionist approach to criminal justice thinking by focusing on the work of Antony Duff. The Kantian problematic encourages both defensive rationalisation of a ... More


Consequentialism and Moral Rationalism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues, on the basis of a conceptual connection between wrongdoing and blameworthiness, that we should accept moral rationalism: the view that an agent can be morally required to perform ... More


Consequentialism and moral rationalism

Douglas W. Portmore

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper provides a presumptive argument in favor of moral rationalism: the view that agents can be morally required to do only what they have decisive reason to do, all things considered. The ... More


Blameworthiness Under Threat

Ishtiyaque Haji

in Luck's Mischief: Obligation and Blameworthiness on a Thread

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190260774
eISBN:
9780190260798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190260774.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the first primary conclusion of this book—that our range of obligations is narrow—in conjunction with principles that associate obligation and being to blame, ratifies the ... More


Justifying the Practice

Manuel Vargas

in Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199697540
eISBN:
9780191748851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697540.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that agents can be justified in holding one another responsible, irrespective of whether anyone is a libertarian agent. The chapter begins by exploring and rejecting several ... More


Blame and Desert

Manuel Vargas

in Building Better Beings: A Theory of Moral Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199697540
eISBN:
9780191748851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697540.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter fills in the details of how the account handles blame and desert. The first part of the chapter focuses on exculpation, and the question of how the norms of responsibility (roughly, ... More


Theory and Forms of Liability without Personal Misconduct

Christian Von Bar

in The Common European Law of Torts: Volume Two

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198298397
eISBN:
9780191685439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198298397.003.0003
Subject:
Law, EU Law

In addition to an individual's personal blameworthiness, other reasons, such as force majeure and unavoidability of circumstances, may also play a role in the occurrence of damages to another ... More


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