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Race and Culture

Roy L. Brooks

in The Racial Glass Ceiling: Subordination in American Law and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300223309
eISBN:
9780300227611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300223309.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The conflicting racial and cultural values that underpin much of the Supreme Court’s decision making in civil rights cases are brought under critical review in this chapter as part of a larger ... More


The Making of Apartheid 1948–1961: Conflict and Compromise

Deborah Posel

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273349
eISBN:
9780191684036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273349.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book examines some of the crucial political processes and struggles which shaped the reciprocal development of Apartheid and capitalism in South Africa. The book's analysis debunks the orthodoxy ... More


“Not to Save the Union but to ‘Free the Slaves’”: Black Labor Activism and Community Politics during the New Negro Era

Shannon King

in Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479811274
eISBN:
9781479866915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811274.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the development of black labor activism from World War I to the Great Depression. Given that the city's diverse manufacturing sector was filled with whites and white immigrant ... More


In Danger of Becoming Morally Depraved: Single Black Women, Working-Class Black Families, and New York State's Wayward Minor Laws, 1917–1928

Cheryl D. Hicks

in Talk with You Like a Woman: African American Women, Justice, and Reform in New York, 1890-1935

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834244
eISBN:
9781469603759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882320_hicks.10
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents a case that points to an important but unexplored issue in the history of early-twentieth-century urban reform campaigns: black families' anxieties about single women's moral ... More


“We Strike and Win”: Food Factory Workers and Labor Radicalism

Keona K. Ervin

in Gateway to Equality: Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168838
eISBN:
9780813173924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168838.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

In the Funsten Nut Strike of 1933, nut shellers shut down production to protest poor working conditions and wage cuts. A group of black working-class women positioned themselves at the center of ... More


A Rather Bright and Good-Looking Colored Girl: Black Women's Sexuality, “Harmful Intimacy,” and Attempts to Regulate Desire, I917–I928

Cheryl D. Hicks

in Talk with You Like a Woman: African American Women, Justice, and Reform in New York, 1890-1935

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834244
eISBN:
9781469603759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882320_hicks.11
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter focuses on the ways in which working-class black women constructed their own narratives and the kinds of details they chose to reveal about their sexual experiences. In ... More


Cultural Subordination Through Cultural Diversity

Roy L. Brooks

in The Racial Glass Ceiling: Subordination in American Law and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300223309
eISBN:
9780300227611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300223309.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Cultural subordination is defined here as the suppression of important black values or folk ways—questions and concerns of keen importance to blacks—in the American mainstream culture. Like juridical ... More


“Jobs and Homes … Freedom”: Working-Class Struggles against Postwar Urban Inequality

Keona K. Ervin

in Gateway to Equality: Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168838
eISBN:
9780813173924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168838.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 6 uncovers the links between jobs and public housing. From the vantage point of overlooked historical actors, the chapter examines the massive urban renewal programs that razed black ... More


“Riveting the Sinews of Democracy”: Defense Workers and Double V

Keona K. Ervin

in Gateway to Equality: Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168838
eISBN:
9780813173924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168838.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

Black women’s failed attempts to abandon domestic employment for jobs in the lucrative local defense industry became a central mobilizing agenda around which organizers of the March on Washington ... More


“Beneath Our Dignity”: Garment Workers and the Politics of Interracial Unionism

Keona K. Ervin

in Gateway to Equality: Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168838
eISBN:
9780813173924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168838.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 5 analyzes the initial rocky years of black working-class women’s entry into the needle trades, boot and shoe, and laundry factories and their unions during the early to mid-1940s. Black ... More


Black Workers Matter: The Continuing Search for Racial and Economic Equality in Memphis

Michael K. Honey

in An Unseen Light: Black Struggles for Freedom in Memphis, Tennessee

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813175515
eISBN:
9780813175706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813175515.003.0017
Subject:
History, African-American History

What happened to Martin Luther King’s dream of economic equality in Memphis? For most of the city’s history, 80 percent or more of the black community has consisted of black workers. Slavery set the ... More


Gateway to Equality: Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Keona K. Ervin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168838
eISBN:
9780813173924
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168838.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

Gateway to Equality demonstrates that from the 1930s to the 1960s, a critical mass of black working-class women forged a most expansive social justice struggle for economic dignity in St. Louis. ... More


“Their Side of the Case”: Domestic Workers and New Deal Labor Reform

Keona K. Ervin

in Gateway to Equality: Black Women and the Struggle for Economic Justice in St. Louis

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813168838
eISBN:
9780813173924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168838.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter 2 maps the labor activism of St. Louis’s largest segment of black working-class women as they mounted a labor reform program that anticipated and challenged New Deal labor legislation. With ... More


Get Up, Stand Up

Joseph R. Fitzgerald

in The Struggle Is Eternal: Gloria Richardson and Black Liberation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780813176499
eISBN:
9780813176529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813176499.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

Focusing on Richardson’s childhood, this chapter details how Gloria’s family socialized her according to gender norms for middle-class black girls yet allowed her to be her own person. They supported ... More


Black Women, Urban Labor, and New York’s Informal Economy

LaShawn Harris

in Sex Workers, Psychics, and Numbers Runners: Black Women in New York City's Underground Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040207
eISBN:
9780252098420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040207.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter offers an overview of black women informal workers both as wage earners and entrepreneurs, positioning their experiences at the center of New York's informal labor market. It highlights ... More


“Rulers of the Five Points”: Blacks, Irish Immigrants, and Amalgamation

in In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226317748
eISBN:
9780226317755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317755.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

As New York's abolitionists debated ways to improve the conditions of working-class blacks in the 1840s and 1850s, other groups in the city created a new discourse of poverty, criminality, race, and ... More


From Civil Rights to Anti-Apartheid

Sekou M. Franklin

in After the Rebellion: Black Youth, Social Movement Activism, and the Post-Civil Rights Generation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789384
eISBN:
9780814760611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789384.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter covers the activities of three youth-based activist movements: the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Student Organization for Black Unity (SOBU), and the Free South ... More


She Would Be Better off in the South: Sending Women on Parole to Their Southern Kin, 1920–1935

Cheryl D. Hicks

in Talk with You Like a Woman: African American Women, Justice, and Reform in New York, 1890-1935

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834244
eISBN:
9781469603759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882320_hicks.13
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the complex dynamics of southern parole and investigates the motivations of prison administrators and the responses of black working-class women and their families and ... More


Introduction: The Art of Revolution

GerShun Avilez

in Radical Aesthetics and Modern Black Nationalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040122
eISBN:
9780252098321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040122.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This introductory chapter provides a background of Black Nationalism. Black Nationalism is a political philosophy that has played an integral part in African American social thought from the ... More


Fighting a Good Fight: The Formation of the Vulcan Society, 1932–1945

David Goldberg

in Black Firefighters and the FDNY: The Struggle for Jobs, Justice, and Equity in New York City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633626
eISBN:
9781469633633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633626.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines how Black working-class activism and the political ascendancy of Fiorello La Guardia created a small window of opportunity to join the FDNY that was seized by a small number of ... More


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