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Status Attainment among Emancipated Slaves

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter analyzes the legacy of slavery for status attainment among the first generation of blacks who were liberated from this institution. Its quantitative findings suggest that categorical ... More


The Great Migration

Janet G. Hudson

in Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-era South Carolina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125022
eISBN:
9780813135182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125022.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

Although the white reformers embraced the various economic opportunities that were presented to them through the mobilization of the nation after the war, these opportunities also brought about ... More


Black Migration from the South in Historical Context

Leah Platt Boustan

in Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691150871
eISBN:
9781400882977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150871.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter explains that the mobility of black southerners began increasing in the birth cohorts born immediately after the Civil War. Many of these moves took place within the South. Despite ... More


Black Migration, White Flight

Leah Platt Boustan

in Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691150871
eISBN:
9781400882977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150871.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter presents new causal evidence on the relationship between black arrivals to cities and white departures, a trend referred to as “white flight.” The simultaneity of black in-migration from ... More


Introduction

Leah Platt Boustan

in Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691150871
eISBN:
9781400882977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150871.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This introductory chapter outlines the central themes and methodologies underpinning this book. It discusses the factors for slow black economic progress in the North following the Great Black ... More


Black Migration, Northern Cities, and Labor Markets after 1970

Leah Platt Boustan

in Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691150871
eISBN:
9781400882977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150871.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter examines how the three trends at the heart of this book's story—black migration from the South, the earnings convergence between blacks and whites, and white departures from ... More


Competition in the Promised Land: Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets

Leah Platt Boustan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691150871
eISBN:
9781400882977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150871.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

From 1940 to 1970, nearly four million black migrants left the American rural South to settle in the industrial cities of the North and West. This book provides a comprehensive account of the ... More


Introduction

Janette Thomas Greenwood

in First Fruits of Freedom: The Migration of Former Slaves and Their Search for Equality in Worcester, Massachusetts, 1862-1900

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833629
eISBN:
9781469604275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895788_greenwood.4
Subject:
History, African-American History

This introduction cites the “contraband's” story from 1862, in which the arrival of the escaped bondsman and his family to Worcester marked the beginning of a small but steady stream of contrabands ... More


A New Promise of Freedom and Dignity

Janette Thomas Greenwood

in First Fruits of Freedom: The Migration of Former Slaves and Their Search for Equality in Worcester, Massachusetts, 1862-1900

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833629
eISBN:
9781469604275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895788_greenwood.8
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter studies the Civil War-era black migration to Worcester County, affording a rare glimpse into the lives and strategies of freedpeople, of black men, women, and children as they shaped and ... More


The Preconditions for Racial Change

Harvard Sitkoff

in Toward Freedom Land: The Long Struggle for Racial Equality in America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125831
eISBN:
9780813135526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125831.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses one of the interrelated causes of progress in race relations, which is change in the American economy. The effect of economic changes on race relations was particularly marked ... More


“One for the White Race and the Other for the Colored Race” the Onset of Racial Discrimination, 1920 to 1940

Jeff Wiltse

in Contested Waters: A Social History of Swimming Pools in America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807831007
eISBN:
9781469604664
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888988_wiltse.10
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the racial discrimination that accompanied the use of municipal swimming pools in New York and other cities throughout the northern United States between 1920 and 1940. It ... More


Introduction

Frederick Douglass Opie

in Black Labor Migration in Caribbean Guatemala, 1882–1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033716
eISBN:
9780813038735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033716.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This introductory chapter sets out the focus of the book, namely black labor migration to Guatemala in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with particular attention paid to the experiences of ... More


“Let’s Go Back Home”: The Slow Drag, Black Migration, and the Birth of Black Harlem

Danielle Robinson

in Modern Moves: Dancing Race during the Ragtime and Jazz Eras

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199779215
eISBN:
9780199379866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199779215.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Dance, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter draws upon Harlem Renaissance literature, Marshall and Jean Stearns’s jazz research interviews, and 1940s Works Progress Administration (WPA) reports to examine the social dancing that ... More


A Movement Without Marches: African American Women and the Politics of Poverty in Postwar Philadelphia

Lisa Levenstein

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832721
eISBN:
9781469605883
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807889985_levenstein
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book reframes highly charged debates over the origins of chronic African American poverty and the social policies and political struggles that led to the postwar urban crisis. It follows poor ... More


The Black Mafia

Robert M. Lombardo

in Organized Crime in Chicago: Beyond the Mafia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037306
eISBN:
9780252094484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037306.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the historical role of African Americans in organized crime in Chicago. It begins with a brief overview of black migration and settlement in Chicago in order to elucidate the ... More


Loyalties

Robert Colls

in Identity of England

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199245192
eISBN:
9780191697432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245192.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter focuses on black and Asian migration into a post-imperial country on the look-out for invaders. When the battle had been critical, the British had faced unconvinced invaders, and ... More


“Tired of Being Seconds” on ADC

Lisa Levenstein

in A Movement Without Marches: African American Women and the Politics of Poverty in Postwar Philadelphia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832721
eISBN:
9781469605883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807889985_levenstein.5
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines women's life circumstances by looking at those who turned to welfare to help support their families. It shows how the gendered construction of racialized urban poverty shaped ... More


The South Transformed: Cotton’s Mechanization, 1945–1970

D. Clayton Brown

in King Cotton in Modern America: A Cultural, Political, and Economic History since 1945

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737981
eISBN:
9781604737998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737981.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses how mechanization pushed cotton farming into modernity and left preindustrial practices, both social and economic, behind. Mechanization modernized the management of farming, ... More


. Housing and Neighborhood Work in the Age of the Welfare State, 1933–1950

Touré F. Reed

in Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832233
eISBN:
9781469605708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888544_reed.13
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes how the nation's economic fortunes turned around following the outbreak of the Second World War, during which the pace of black migration to northern cities picked up. Race ... More


Modern Moves: Dancing Race during the Ragtime and Jazz Eras

Danielle Robinson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199779215
eISBN:
9780199379866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199779215.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Dance, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This book examines the movement of American social dances between black and white cultural groups and immigrant and migrant communities during the early twentieth century. It is structured by five ... More


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