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Black Markets, Openness, and Central-Bank Autonomy

Tariq Banuri and Juliet B. Schor (eds)

in Financial Openness and National Autonomy: Opportunities and Constraints

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283645
eISBN:
9780191684463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283645.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A country's financial markets are opened up to international forces by currency black markets. As such, the benefits of conventional policies are lowered and the costs are raised in trade ... More


Black Market Britain: 1939-1955

Mark Roodhouse

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588459
eISBN:
9780191747564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588459.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

Due to rationing and price control, Britain’s underground economy experienced a mid-century boom during the 1940s and early 1950s as producers, traders, and professional criminals helped consumers to ... More


Beating the ration: the ‘Black Market’

Mark Roodhouse

in Black Market Britain: 1939-1955

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588459
eISBN:
9780191747564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588459.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

This chapter discusses the illicit retail markets and their supply networks which contemporaries classed as ‘black market’. This ‘black market’ received more attention than the ‘grey market’ ... More


Selling the Negro Housing Market

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter studies the work of black civic leaders and white policy analysts who made the case that a viable black housing market existed in Chicago and other major cities, which could be ... More


Grounds for Discontent?: Coffee from the Black Market to the Kaffeeklatsch in the GDR

Katherine Pence

in Communism Unwrapped: Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199827657
eISBN:
9780199950461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827657.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

Coffee, a nation-wide addiction in the German Democratic Republic (GDR), was chronically hard to come by. From the rationing period after 1945 to an acute crisis and outright protests in 1977, the ... More


Immediate Struggles: People, Power, and Place in Rural Spain

Susana Narotzky and Gavin Smith

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520245686
eISBN:
9780520939011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245686.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This historical and ethnographic study of the political economy of the Vega Baja region of Spain, one of the European Union's “Regional Economies,” takes up the question of how to understand the ... More


Communism Unwrapped: Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe

Paulina Bren and Mary Neuburger (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199827657
eISBN:
9780199950461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827657.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

This book is a collection of essays that unwraps the complex world of consumption under communism in postwar Eastern Europe. Its editors have carefully compiled, analyzed, and contextualized new work ... More


Lingering Stereotypes and Jewish Displaced Persons

Michael Berkowitz

in The Crime of My Very Existence: Nazism and the Myth of Jewish Criminality

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251120
eISBN:
9780520940680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251120.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter shows that the stigma of Jews as criminals was one of the most resilient and widespread perceptions among Germans as they confronted the remnant of European Jewry in post-World War II ... More


Moral Policemen of the Domestic Economy

Bryce Evans

in Ireland during the Second World War: Farewell to Plato's Cave

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089510
eISBN:
9781781707531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089510.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The department of Supplies represented the apogee of centralised state intervention in Irish history, coming to control the production, distribution, and pricing of all commodities during this time ... More


The Extraordinary Career of Feketevágó Úr: Wood Theft, Pig Killing, and Entrepreneurship in Communist Hungary, 1948–1956

Karl Brown

in Communism Unwrapped: Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199827657
eISBN:
9780199950461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827657.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

From 1948 to 1956, the communist regime in Hungary sought to transform the state into a centralized command economy on the Soviet model. It was largely unsuccessful in doing so—especially in the ... More


Oligopoly Dynamics and the Triple Religious Markets in China

Fenggang Yang

in The Future of Religious Freedom: Global Challenges

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199930890
eISBN:
9780199980581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199930890.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter introduces four types of state-religion relations in human history – religious monopoly, pluralism, oligopoly, and a total ban. It argues that religious oligopoly is the most common ... More


Conditions in Town and Country

Bryce Evans

in Ireland during the Second World War: Farewell to Plato's Cave

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780719089510
eISBN:
9781781707531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089510.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter provides the ‘bottom up’ story of material survival during Ireland’s wartime experience. It reveals a comprehensive social geography of price differentiation, black market hotspots, and ... More


Life in the Camp III

Geoffrey Charles Emerson

in Hong Kong Internment, 1942-1945: Life in the Japanese Civilian Camp at Stanley

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098800
eISBN:
9789882206977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098800.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the securing of goods or money by illegal means known as the “black market” in Stanley Camp. It notes that trading is considered illegal as it is against the rules of the ... More


Black Market Capital: Urban Politics and the Shadow Economy in Mexico City

Andrew Konove

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780520293670
eISBN:
9780520966901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293670.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

For more than three hundred years, Mexico City’s Baratillo marketplace was synonymous with crime, vice, and the most disreputable elements of urban society. Despite countless attempts to disband it, ... More


Consequences of the Current Policy

in The Global Organ Shortage: Economic Causes, Human Consequences, Policy Responses

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784092
eISBN:
9780804784641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784092.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the current state of the global organ procurement system and discusses the most direct consequence of the organ shortage: transplant waiting lists. It analyzes waiting list ... More


Tuzex and the Hustler: Living It Up in Czechoslovakia

Paulina Bren

in Communism Unwrapped: Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199827657
eISBN:
9780199950461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827657.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

Through a discussion of Bony a Klid, a controversial film from the late 1980s in Czechoslovakia, Paulina Bren explores the role of the hustler under socialism. The hustler was closely associated with ... More


Not an Easy Road: Black Market Ramen and the U.S. Occupation

George Solt

in Untold History of Ramen: How Political Crisis in Japan Spawned a Global Food Craze

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520277564
eISBN:
9780520958371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277564.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 2 analyzes the food crisis of the period immediately after World War II, when a lack of access to produce from the colonies, a diversion of manpower and resources away from food production, ... More


Conclusion: a fair trade

Mark Roodhouse

in Black Market Britain: 1939-1955

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199588459
eISBN:
9780191747564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588459.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

The conclusion summarizes points made in the previous chapters, and sets out answers to the two primary questions: what was the pattern of evasion, and why did it take that shape? Drawing upon other ... More


Keeping It Close to Home: Resourcefulness and Scarcity in Late Socialist and Postsocialist Poland

Małgorzata Mazurek

in Communism Unwrapped: Consumption in Cold War Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199827657
eISBN:
9780199950461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827657.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Cultural History

A history of shortages and scarcity in postwar Eastern Europe has usually been narrated in terms of its potential to provoke mass political action or else as individual cultural practices, such as ... More


Rationing, Price Controls, and the Black Market

Richard E. Holl

in Committed to Victory: The Kentucky Home Front During World War II

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813165639
eISBN:
9780813166674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813165639.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Federal government regulation of the national economy reached an all-time high during World War II. The War Production Board (WPB), the Office of Price Administration (OPA), and numerous other ... More


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