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The Reactions of Black Americans to Immigration

Lawrence H. Fuchs

in Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195055108
eISBN:
9780199854219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195055108.003.0011
Subject:
History, Historiography

Labor and the unemployed frequently opposed the “back-door” policies on the grounds that imported labor would diminish their own opportunities. This was the case, as this chapter shows, with black ... More


General Sherman and the Black Church

Andrew Billingsley

in Mighty Like a River: The Black Church and Social Reform

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195161793
eISBN:
9780199849512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161793.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the contribution of General William T. Sherman to the black church. Gen. Sherman's brilliant and bloody march through Georgia and the Carolinas during the fall and winter of ... More


The Making of the Negro Mecca: Harlem and the Struggle for Community Rights

Shannon King

in Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479811274
eISBN:
9781479866915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811274.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter presents the “real estate race war” and blacks' search for housing in Harlem in the aftermath of the 1900 race riot. Over the course of roughly two decades, a network of black realtors, ... More


“They will never become a people until they come out from amongst the white people”: James Forten and African American Ambivalence to African Colonization

Beverly C. Tomek

in Colonization and Its Discontents: Emancipation, Emigration, and Antislavery in Antebellum Pennsylvania

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814783481
eISBN:
9780814784433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814783481.003.0005
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter focuses on one of the most famous black leaders of the time, the wealthy Philadelphia sailmaker and community leader James Forten. His story reveals the way in which the state's free ... More


Black Civic Ideology and Political Economy in Postwar Chicago

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter gives historical and ideological context of housing policies by explaining the appeal of racial democracy to the postwar cohort of black civic leaders in Chicago. After World War II, ... More


Power and Great Culture

Melina Pappademos

in Black Political Activism and the Cuban Republic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834909
eISBN:
9781469602769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869178_pappademos.9
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter shows how black leaders and civic activists advanced the idea that refinement, patriarchy, and bourgeois respectability should be the basis of Cuban leadership, irrespective of a ... More


Self-Help and the Black Real Estate Industry

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the makeup of the black real estate industry and its political agenda, along with that of black federal housing officials, of private enterprise as the legitimate provider of ... More


Black Factions Contesting Public Housing

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter outlines the opposition that black civic elites faced in Chicago from both the black bourgeoisie and white political officials for their support for public housing. The white opponents, ... More


Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

Alvin B. Jr. Tillery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448973
eISBN:
9780801461019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448973.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book considers the history of political engagement with Africa on the part of African Americans, beginning with the birth of Paul Cuffe's back-to-Africa movement in the Federal Period to the ... More


Selling the Negro Housing Market

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter studies the work of black civic leaders and white policy analysts who made the case that a viable black housing market existed in Chicago and other major cities, which could be ... More


Andrew Johnson and the End of Confiscation

John Syrett

in The Civil War Confiscation Acts: Failing to Reconstruct the South

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823224890
eISBN:
9780823240852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823224890.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The succession of Andrew Johnson to the presidency in April 1865 produced a shift in the enforcement of the confiscation acts. Lincoln had implemented the acts conservatively with the willing ... More


In a Shade of Blue: Pragmatism and the Politics of Black America

Eddie S. Glaude

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226298245
eISBN:
9780226298269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298269.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book makes a plea for black America to address its social problems by recourse to experience and with an eye set on the promise and potential of the future, rather than the fixed ideas and ... More


Introduction At the Crossroads of Republic

Melina Pappademos

in Black Political Activism and the Cuban Republic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807834909
eISBN:
9781469602769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807869178_pappademos.4
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This book begins with the meeting of thirty eminent black leaders, representing the United States, Africa, and the West Indies, in London as European armies installed themselves on the African ... More


Black Star, Crescent Moon: The Muslim International and Black Freedom beyond America

Sohail Daulatzai

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675852
eISBN:
9781452947600
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675852.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Religion

“The same rebellion, the same impatience, the same anger that exists in the hearts of the dark people in Africa and Asia,” Malcolm X declared in a 1962 speech, “is existing in the hearts and minds of ... More


Eugene Kinckle Jones: The National Urban League and Black Social Work, 1910-1940

Felix L. Armfield

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036583
eISBN:
9780252093623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036583.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

A leading African American intellectual of the early twentieth century, Eugene Kinckle Jones (1885–1954) was instrumental in professionalizing black social work in America. In his role as executive ... More


The Barber of Boydton

Ted Maris-Wolf

in Family Bonds: Free Blacks and Re-enslavement Law in Antebellum Virginia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620077
eISBN:
9781469620091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620077.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter tells the story of Watkins (Watt) Leigh Love, an influential man who had gotten his start as the barber of Boydton and then amassed a small fortune as a self-enslaved entrepreneur. Like ... More


Introduction

Touré F. Reed

in Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832233
eISBN:
9781469605708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888544_reed.6
Subject:
History, African-American History

This introductory chapter describes how Booker T. Washington cemented his status as the nation's most “responsible” black leader. Addressing the Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition, ... More


Racial Uplift and American Music, 1878-1943

Lawrence Schenbeck

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617032295
eISBN:
9781617032301
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617032295.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

This book traces the career of racial uplift ideology as a factor in elite African Americans’ embrace of classical music around the turn of the previous century, from the collapse of Reconstruction ... More


Carter and Southern Africa: A Balance Sheet

Piero Gleijeses

in Visions of Freedom: Havana, Washington, Pretoria, and the Struggle for Southern Africa, 1976-1991

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9781469609683
eISBN:
9781469612515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469609683.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter illustrates the controversy provoked in the United States in 1977 by policy toward Rhodesia. Things, however, changed in the spring of 1978, when Smith reached an agreement with Bishop ... More


From Dog Eaters to Mule Beaters: Representing the Accused as Alien Other

Janet M. Davis

in The Gospel of Kindness: Animal Welfare and the Making of Modern America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780199733156
eISBN:
9780190609030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199733156.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, Cultural History

This chapter explores how acts of animal kindness and cruelty were markers of American belonging and exclusion in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Journalists, SPCA officers, the ... More


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