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Constructing a Free Labor Market

Martin Ruef

in Between Slavery and Capitalism: The Legacy of Emancipation in the American South

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162775
eISBN:
9781400852642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162775.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter studies the extent to which the Freedmen Bureau's effort to reinstate plantation labor for former slaves in the mid-1860s was associated with changes in the valuation of black labor. ... More


“Not to Save the Union but to ‘Free the Slaves’”: Black Labor Activism and Community Politics during the New Negro Era

Shannon King

in Whose Harlem Is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479811274
eISBN:
9781479866915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479811274.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes the development of black labor activism from World War I to the Great Depression. Given that the city's diverse manufacturing sector was filled with whites and white immigrant ... More


Unfree Black Labor: The Telos of History and the Struggle against Racialized Capitalism

Drucilla Cornell and Kenneth Michael Panfilio

in Symbolic Forms for a New Humanity: Cultural and Racial Reconfigurations of Critical Theory

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823232505
eISBN:
9780823235643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823232505.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter attempts to resymbolize apartheid and examines the history of South Africa under the narration of black unfree labor. It explains the negative impact of colonization on the black ... More


Labor: Both Fat and Lean Years

Christopher Robert Reed

in The Rise of Chicago's Black Metropolis, 1920-1929

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036231
eISBN:
9780252093173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036231.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter provides insight into the status of labor from which the foundation of consumerism emanated. The halcyon days that were seen in the business sphere failed to materialize into a ... More


Work: The Story of Natalie and Beleaf

Erika D. Gault

in Networking the Black Church: Digital Black Christians and Hip Hop

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781479805815
eISBN:
9781479805839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479805815.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter details the complex cost of working online while Black, young, and Christian, and the multiple strategies creatives employ to navigate economic and social challenges to their digital ... More


Civil Rights Postal Unionism (1963–1966)

Philip F. Rubio

in There's Always Work at the Post Office: African American Postal Workers and the Fight for Jobs, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833421
eISBN:
9781469604053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895733_rubio.15
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter describes 1963 as a pivotal year for civil rights activism, and posits that the NAPE especially was deeply involved, fusing black labor and civic protest traditions. At their 1963 ... More


Introduction

Frederick Douglass Opie

in Black Labor Migration in Caribbean Guatemala, 1882–1923

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033716
eISBN:
9780813038735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033716.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

This introductory chapter sets out the focus of the book, namely black labor migration to Guatemala in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with particular attention paid to the experiences of ... More


There's Always Work at the Post Office: African American Postal Workers and the Fight for Jobs, Justice, and Equality

Philip F. Rubio

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807833421
eISBN:
9781469604053
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807895733_rubio
Subject:
History, African-American History

This book brings to life the important but neglected story of African American postal workers and the critical role they played in the U.S. labor and black freedom movements. It integrates civil ... More


Understanding Why Black Women Are Not Working Longer

Joanna N. Lahey

in Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532509
eISBN:
9780226532646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532646.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Black women in recent cohorts aged between 50 and 72 years have lower employment than similar white women, despite having had higher employment when they were middle-aged and younger. Earlier cohorts ... More


Introduction

Tiffany Willoughby-Herard

in Waste of a White Skin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520280861
eISBN:
9780520959972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280861.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

In the age of lynching and American expansionism, the Carnegie Corporation expressed a franchise to govern through the expansion of influence-harvesting. By influence-harvesting, I am referring to ... More


“Some Vital Problems of Negro Labor” (1935)

Frank Crosswaith

in Jewish Radicals: A Documentary History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814757437
eISBN:
9780814763469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814757437.003.0024
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter argues that labor unions do not necessarily serve as obstacles to employment and economic advancement for the black community. As a matter of fact, while there have indeed been cases of ... More


I've Got to Make My Livin': Black Women's Sex Work in Turn-of-the-Century Chicago

Cynthia M. Blair

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226055985
eISBN:
9780226056005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226056005.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

For many years, the interrelated histories of prostitution and cities have perked the ears of urban scholars, but until now the history of urban sex work has dealt only in passing with questions of ... More


Progressive Empire: Race and Tropicality in United Fruit’s Central America

Jason M. Colby

in Making the Empire Work: Labor and United States Imperialism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479871254
eISBN:
9781479822843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479871254.003.0011
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter reviews Frederick Upham Adams' Conquest of the Tropics, a triumphalist account of the United Fruit Company (UFC), where he commended the pioneers of the company for bringing order and ... More


America Bourne

Pellom McDaniels III

in The Prince of Jockeys: The Life of Isaac Burns Murphy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813142715
eISBN:
9780813144276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813142715.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the institution of slavery in Kentucky in terms of white farmers’ need for black labor to produce a surplus of goods for the marketplace. Here we are introduced to Isaac ... More


Introduction

Bruce E. Baker and Brian Kelly

in After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044774
eISBN:
9780813046440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044774.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This introductory essay uses Thaddeus Stevens's comments on the Fourteenth Amendment to set the stage for essays that consider the relationship between citizenship and freedom after emancipation, ... More


An Invaluable Ally Late May–July 1862

Glenn David Brasher

in The Peninsula Campaign & the Necessity of Emancipation: African Americans and the Fight for Freedom

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807835449
eISBN:
9781469601847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882528_brasher.11
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

As both armies made extensive use of black laborers to prepare for the coming battle, Northerners learned that the Confederates were effectively using black labor to hold off the Army of the Potomac. ... More


Black Firefighters and the FDNY: The Struggle for Jobs, Justice, and Equity in New York City

David Goldberg

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633626
eISBN:
9781469633633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633626.001.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

For many African Americans, getting a public sector job has historically been one of the few paths to the financial stability of the middle class, and in New York City, few such jobs were as ... More


The Missouri Ozarks and Beyond, 1894–1930: “Whence all negroes have been driven forth”

Brent M. S. Campney

in Hostile Heartland: Racism, Repression, and Resistance in the Midwest

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780252042492
eISBN:
9780252051333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042492.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter addresses the use of racist violence by whites in the Missouri Ozarks between 1894 and 1930 to control and expel blacks, to establish and maintain sundown towns, and to satisfy and ... More


“Surrounded on All Sides by an Armed and Brutal Mob”: Newspapers, Politics, and Law in the Ogeechee Insurrection, 1868–1869

Jonathan M. Bryant

in After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044774
eISBN:
9780813046440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044774.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

Exaggerated rumors of a black insurrectionary movement afoot on rice plantations in lowcountry Georgia caused great alarm among whites, spurring quasi-military mobilization under the leadership of ... More


“Why Sit Ye Here and Die?”

Kristin Waters

in Maria W. Stewart and the Roots of Black Political Thought

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9781496836748
eISBN:
9781496836731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496836748.003.0024
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

Emotionally fluctuating between an overwhelming sense of loss and her new-found grace in the hands of God, Stewart contemplates the power of coming to terms with liberatory morality and finds in it ... More


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