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Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Preston H. Smith II

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book examines housing debates in Chicago that go beyond black and white politics, and shows how class and factional conflicts among African Americans actually helped to reproduce stunning ... More


“Not One Was Willing To Go!”: The Paradoxes of “Liberia’s Offerings”

Alvin B. Tillery

in Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448973
eISBN:
9780801461019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448973.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter explores the ways that black elites engaged with U.S. foreign policy toward Africa between 1816 and 1900. During this time, the federal government frequently promoted policies that ... More


Fighting “Negro Clearance”: Black Elites and Urban Redevelopment Policy

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores the class conflict that occurred between national black elites and a coalition of local black civic, neighborhood, and business leaders over slum clearance and urban ... More


Black Redevelopment and Negro Conservation

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter provides an account of the efforts of black civic and business elites to lead the redevelopment of black middle-class neighborhoods in order to combat the city’s land-clearance ... More


Self-Help and the Black Real Estate Industry

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the makeup of the black real estate industry and its political agenda, along with that of black federal housing officials, of private enterprise as the legitimate provider of ... More


Class and Racial Democracy

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Black elites reaffirmed the primacy of race by advocating the use of race-neutral occupancy standards, which favored those blacks who had the income and class culture to reside in integrated ... More


From Negro Clearance to Negro Containment

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter focuses on black policy elites’ efforts to reform the relocation policy that forced both black property owners and tenants to look for housing in racial dual housing market, which is a ... More


Protecting “Fertile Fields”: The NAACP and Africa during the Cold War

Alvin B. Tillery

in Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448973
eISBN:
9780801461019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448973.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter turns to the activities of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) between 1935 and 1955. It challenges assumptions made by popular scholarship regarding ... More


Conclusion

Alvin B. Tillery

in Between Homeland and Motherland: Africa, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Black Leadership in America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801448973
eISBN:
9780801461019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801448973.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This concluding chapter evaluates the contributions of the strategic behavior model of black elite activism in the U.S. foreign policymaking arena. As this book illustrates, black leaders often take ... More


“Completely Surrounded by Screens”: A Raced Identity

Wanda A. Hendricks

in Fannie Barrier Williams: Crossing the Borders of Region and Race

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038112
eISBN:
9780252095870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038112.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines Fannie Barrier Williams' move to Jim Crow South in the late nineteenth century and how she was exposed to the complexity of segregation there. Barrier left Brockport in 1875 to ... More


Creating Community in the Midwest: Chicago

Wanda A. Hendricks

in Fannie Barrier Williams: Crossing the Borders of Region and Race

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038112
eISBN:
9780252095870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038112.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines Fannie Barrier Williams' move to Chicago with her husband S. Laing Williams and how she built a strong local coalition that eased her entry into the segregated world of the ... More


African American Cultural Expression in Chicago before the Renaissance: The Performing, Visual, and Literary Arts, 1893–1933

Christopher Robert Reed

in The Black Chicago Renaissance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037023
eISBN:
9780252094392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037023.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines the local historical context of the Black Chicago Renaissance. It discusses the existence of a layered class structure within the black community, and underscores the importance ... More


Launching a Life

Nikki M. Taylor

in America's First Black Socialist: The Radical Life of Peter H. Clark

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780813140773
eISBN:
9780813141428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813140773.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter covers Peter Clark’s life from birth through the end of his first stage of political consciousness and activism. Set against the backdrop of the uniquely oppressive racial and social ... More


Horace Cayton: No Road Home

David T. Bailey

in The Black Chicago Renaissance

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037023
eISBN:
9780252094392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037023.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter situates the black intellectual Horace Cayton into the vibrant community of Chicago's South Side during the Depression and World War II era. It details the research projects undertaken ... More


Growing Up Church

Darius J. Young

in Robert R. Church Jr. and the African American Political Struggle

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056272
eISBN:
9780813058061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056272.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Church’s early years by providing an overview of Robert Church Sr. and Anna Church. In particular, it discusses the strategies the black elite used to nurture a new class of ... More


The Price of the Ticket

Fredrick C. Harris

in The Price of the Ticket: Barack Obama and Rise and Decline of Black Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199739677
eISBN:
9780190252489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199739677.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines Barack Obama's race-neutral approach to governing and policymaking—as well as black voters' and black elites' refusal to pressure him to address community interests—and its ... More


Robert R. Church Jr. and the African American Political Struggle

Darius J. Young

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813056272
eISBN:
9780813058061
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056272.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book examines the life and career of Robert R. Church Jr., who grew up the son of the first black millionaire in Memphis, Tennessee, and would eventually surpass his father’s notoriety as the ... More


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