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Executive Experiences and Organizational Outcomes

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter deals with the more observable aspects of executives' personal orientations, specifically their experiences. The basic idea is that executives' experiences shape their perceptions and ... More


On Representation

Seb Franklin

in Control: Digitality as Cultural Logic

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029537
eISBN:
9780262331135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029537.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter considers exclusion as an unmarked but fundamental principle of control, and thus as a central concern for contemporary theories of representation. Beginning from Neferti X.M. Tadiar’s ... More


Paleontology Lite and Copernican Discoveries

Barbara Forrest and Paul R. Gross

in Creationism's Trojan Horse: The Wedge of Intelligent Design

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157420
eISBN:
9780199894000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157420.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses Paul Chien’s designation as the intelligent design movement’s paleontology expert, even though Chien, a marine biologist, has no credentials in paleontology. It provides an ... More


Salience without a Black Box

Gopal Sreenivasan

in Emotion and Virtue

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691134550
eISBN:
9780691208701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134550.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends the integral view of compassion against black box views. It argues that the combination of cleverness, a morally rectified sympathy trait, and supplementary moral knowledge ... More


Neuroimaging Detours

S. Scott Graham

in The Politics of Pain Medicine: A Rhetorical-Ontological Inquiry

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226264059
eISBN:
9780226264196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226264196.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 4 explores the history of neuroimaging technologies and their eventual contribution to the legitimization of marginalized pain disorders. As a part of this analysis, this chapter explores the ... More


The Economy of IS Expertise

Robin Fincham, James Fleck, Rob Procter, Harry Scarbrough, Margaret Tierney, and Robin Williams

in Expertise and Innovation: Information Technology Strategies in the Financial Services Sector

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289043
eISBN:
9780191684678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289043.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology, Knowledge Management

This chapter analyses the economy of information systems expertise, focusing on the choice that organizations face between incorporating expertise into the hierarchy and various forms of market ... More


Learning from Linux

Ilkka Tuomi

in Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This chapter describes both the social and technological evolution of Linux and its development community. By analysing in detail the evolution of the structure of Linux source code over a period of ... More


Introduction: Relating Disease to Exposure

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The goal of environmental health is the prevention of disease through identification and elimination of environmental hazards or the reduction of exposures. This chapter argues that although exposure ... More


Black Boxes

Adam S. Miller

in Speculative Grace: Bruno Latour and Object-Oriented Theology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251506
eISBN:
9780823253005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251506.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that Latour's experimental metaphysics allows for the reworking of a variety of classic, philosophical concepts. In addition to how he retrofits transcendence, Latour offers novel ... More


The Placement of Shadows: What’s Inside William Kentridge’s Black Box/Chambre Noire?

Frances Guerin

in Taking Place: Location and the Moving Image

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816665167
eISBN:
9781452946207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816665167.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter argues that intransigence, concretion, and elements of permanence are always the sturdy foundation of much of William Kentridge’s work. Many of his films, drawings, and installations are ... More


Neither Black nor Box: (Un)knowing Algorithms

Taina Bucher

in If...Then: Algorithmic Power and Politics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190493028
eISBN:
9780190493066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190493028.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

If algorithms are multiple and variable in nature, how can they be known? The chapter draws on the concept of the black box as a heuristic device to discuss the nature of algorithms in contemporary ... More


Diet Mechanistic Philosophy

Marco J. Nathan

in Black Boxes: How Science Turns Ignorance Into Knowledge

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190095482
eISBN:
9780190095512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190095482.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter compares and contrasts the black-boxing approach with the “new wave of mechanistic philosophy.” Is the present treatment of black boxes novel and original? Or is it a rehashing of ideas ... More


Posits and Existence

Jody Azzouni

in Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

It is argued that Quinean rent (Quine’s five virtues) don’t suffice to ontologically commit us to the existence of posits. To this end, the “black box” objection is deployed against the “success ... More


Should Black Boxes Be Welcome in Medicine?

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0051
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the use of “black boxes” in surgeries. When an airplane goes down, there is an urgent search for the plane’s black box. The black box contains both the audio recording of all ... More


Spirit

Adam S. Miller

in Speculative Grace: Bruno Latour and Object-Oriented Theology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251506
eISBN:
9780823253005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251506.003.0038
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Religion reveals what is, both in us and more than us. Religion presses us to open the black box that we are, this chapter explains. We possess “hundreds of myths,” Latour says, about how subjects ... More


The Financial Universe (After Meillassoux)

Arne De Boever

in Finance Fictions: Realism and Psychosis in a Time of Economic Crisis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780823279166
eISBN:
9780823281435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823279166.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Chapter Four draws from the work of financial journalists Scott Patterson, Michael Lewis (a former “big swinging dick” at Salomon Brothers), and scholar Frank Pasquale to think the reality of today’s ... More


False Choices and Black Boxes: The Costs of Limited Data

Michael R. Powers

in Acts of God and Man: Ruminations on Risk and Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153676
eISBN:
9780231527057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153676.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In recent decades, governments, corporations, and ordinary citizens the world over have become more aware of the potential impact of extreme-event, or catastrophe, risks. Dramatic events such as the ... More


Bricks and Boxes

Marco J. Nathan

in Black Boxes: How Science Turns Ignorance into Knowledge

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780190095482
eISBN:
9780190095512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190095482.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides an introduction and synopsis of the entire book. It begins by presenting the traditional “brick-by-brick” conception of scientific knowledge, discussing its shortcomings. Next, ... More


Varieties of redundant causation

L. A. Paul

in Causation: A User's Guide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199673445
eISBN:
9780191751899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673445.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Problems involving redundant causation have been at the center of the most interesting and vigorous debates over causal analysis. Redundancy highlights how difficult it can be to determine which ... More


Substances

Adam S. Miller

in Speculative Grace: Bruno Latour and Object-Oriented Theology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780823251506
eISBN:
9780823253005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823251506.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter states that “black box” is too solid as a description for substance, too rigid and permanent. Substances are really more like acts, procedures, or institutions than they are like ... More


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